Chapter 8: Social Conflict And Critical Criminology


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Side ASide B
Critical criminology
the branch of criminology that holds that the cause of crime can be linked to economic, social,...
the ability to persons and groups to control the behaior of others, to shape public opinion,...
supranational criminology
the study of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and the supranational penal system
state (organized) crime
acts commited by state or government officals while holding their positions as government representatives
death squads
covert military or paramilitary groups that carry out political assassinations
surplus value
the difference between what workers produce and what they are paid, which goes to business...
displacement of workers, pushing them outside the economic and social mainstream
the process of creaing a global economy through tansnational markets and political and legal...
instrumental theory
the theory that criminal law and the criminal jsutice system are capitalist instruments for...
to unmask the true purpose of law, justice, or other social institutions
structural theory
the theory that criminal law and the criminal justice stystem are menas of defending and preserving...
left realism
approach that sees crime as a function of relative deprivation under capitalism and favors...
preemptive deterrence
efforts to prevent crime through community organization and youth involvment
critical feminism
approach that explains both victimization and criminality among women in terms of gender inequality,...
male dominated
paternalistic families
families in whcih the father in the breadwinner and rule maker, and the mother has a mental...
role exit behaviors
strategies such as running away or contemplating suicide, that are used by young girls unhappy...
egalitarian families
families in which the husband and wife share similar positions of power at home and in the...
power-control theory
the view that gender differences in crime are a function of economic power (class position,...
approach that considers puntitice crime conrtol strategies to be counterproducitve and favors...
sentencing circle
a peacemaking technique in which offenders, victims, and other community members work together...

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