Chapter 8 Chapter Test

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Chapter 8 Chapter Test

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Where fo intracranial aneurysms occur?
At the base of the brain
What are the common sites for aneurysms?
Along the aorta, mostly the abdominal aorta
What can deep vein thrombosis often be do to?
Reduced blood flow
What is deep vein thrombosis?
A thrombus formation in a vein
What are the nine arterial pulses?
-Superficial temporal -Facial -Common carotid -Radial -Brachial -Femoral -Popliteal -Posterior tibial -Dorsal pedal
Where do the venous sinuses drain into?
Internal Jugular veins
Where are venous sinuses located?
In the head and heart
What is the order of blood vessels in circulation?
What are the four parts of the aorta in order?
-Ascending aorta -Aortic arch -Thoracic aorta -Abdominal aorta
Where does the deoxygenated blood from the body flow into?
The right atrium of the heart
What are the two major circulations?
-Pulmonary -Systemic
What are the functions of peripheral circulation?
-Carry blood -Transport -Maintain Homeostasis -Regulate blood pressure
An arrhythmia is converted back to a normal rythm with an electrical shock
When healthy blood vessels are harvested from the leg, chest or arm are used to detour blood around blocked coronary arteries this is?
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Hollow tube to allow passage of fluid out of the body
Troponin I and T are what?
Part of a protein complex
Both CK and troponin I and T are used to confirm what?
A suspected MI
An enzyme released into the blood by dead myocardial cells in MI is what?
Creatine Kinase (CK)
What does a lipid profile consist of?
-HDL -LDL -Triglycerides
A bypass or diverison of fluid
What is the most common cardiovascular disorder?
Without oxygen
What are the risk factors for CAD?
-lack of exercise -high blood pressure -elevated serum cholesterol
Uncontrolled quivering or twitching of the heart muscle
What is cardioversion a synonym for?
Arrhythmia can be treated with what?
-Medications -Pacemakers
Abnormal heart sound
Any abnormal cardiac rythm is called what?
An arrhythmia
What is the AV node known as?
The electrical gateway to the ventricles
What is the SA node is known as what?
The pacemaker of the heart
As the cardiac muscles contract they generate what?
A small electrical current
The lub-dub sounds heard through the stethoscope are made by what?
The snap of the heart valves as they close.
What is the heart seperated by?
Interventricular septum
What are the four chambers of the heart?
Right and Left Atria Right and Left Ventricles
What is coronary ciculation?
The circulation that feeds the heart
What is the pericardium?
Connective tissue sac that surrounds and protects the heart.
What is the myocardium?
Cadiac muscle enabling the heart to contract
What is the endocardium?
A thin layer of cells over the heart
What are the three layers of the heart?
-Endocardium -Myocardium -Pericardium
How does blood flow through the vein?
One way
What are the three functions of the heart?
-Pump blood -Regulate blood supply -Route blood
Tip or end of cone-shaped heart
the region of the thoracic cavity in which the heart lies is called the what?
How much does your heart weigh?
Around 10 ounces
What size is your heart?
The size of your fist
The illiac veins come together to form what?
The inferior vena cava
The superior vena cava opens into what?
The right atrium
What is the correct order of blood flow inside the cranial cavity?
-Venus sinus -Internal jugular -Subclavian -Brachiocephalic
What is pulmonary circulation?
It oxygenates the blood
What is systemic circulation?
Delivers the blood to the rest of the body
What kind of muscle is the heart?
An involuntary muscle
What are the four valve types?
-Tricuspid -Bicuspid (mitrol) -Pulmonary -Aortic
What is a phlebotomist?
technician who draws blood
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