Chapter 8 chapter test

53 cards

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Created Feb 4, 2010
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meshell

 

 
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1
Where fo intracranial aneurysms occur?
 
At the base of the brain
2
What are the common sites for aneurysms?
 
Along the aorta, mostly  the abdominal aorta
3
What can deep vein thrombosis often be do to?
 
Reduced blood flow
4
What is deep vein thrombosis?
 
A thrombus formation in a vein
5
What are the nine arterial pulses?
 
-Superficial temporal -Facial -Common carotid -Radial -Brachial -Femoral -Popliteal -Posterior...
6
Where do the venous sinuses drain into?
 
Internal Jugular veins
7
Where are venous sinuses located?
 
In the head and heart
8
What is the order of blood vessels in circulation?
 
Arteries-Arterioles-Capillaries-Venules-Veins  
9
What are the four parts of the aorta in order?
 
-Ascending aorta -Aortic arch -Thoracic aorta -Abdominal aorta
10
Where does the deoxygenated blood from the body flow into?
 
The right atrium of the heart
11
What are the two major circulations?
 
-Pulmonary -Systemic
12
What are the functions of peripheral circulation?
 
-Carry blood -Transport -Maintain Homeostasis -Regulate blood pressure
13
Cardioversion
 
An arrhythmia is converted back to a normal rythm with an electrical shock
14
When healthy blood vessels are harvested from the leg, chest or arm are used to detour blood...
 
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
15
Catheter
 
Hollow tube to allow passage of fluid out of the body
16
Troponin I and T are what?
 
Part of a protein complex
17
Both CK and troponin I and T are used to confirm what?
 
A suspected MI
18
An enzyme released into the blood by dead myocardial cells in MI is what?
 
Creatine Kinase (CK)
19
What does a lipid profile consist of?
 
-HDL -LDL -Triglycerides
20
Shunt
 
A bypass or diverison of fluid
21
What is the most common cardiovascular disorder?
 
Hypertension
22
Anoxia
 
Without oxygen  
23
What are the risk factors for CAD?
 
-lack of exercise -high blood pressure -elevated serum cholesterol
24
Fibrillation
 
Uncontrolled quivering or twitching of the heart muscle
25
What is cardioversion a synonym for?
 
Defibrillator
26
Arrhythmia can be treated with what?
 
-Medications -Pacemakers
27
Murmur
 
Abnormal heart sound
28
Any abnormal cardiac rythm is called what?
 
An arrhythmia
29
What is the AV node known as?
 
The electrical gateway to the ventricles
30
What is the SA node is known as what?
 
The pacemaker of the heart
31
As the cardiac muscles contract they generate what?
 
A small electrical current
32
The lub-dub sounds heard through the stethoscope are made by what?
 
The snap of the heart valves as they close.
33
What is the heart seperated by?
 
Interventricular septum
34
What are the four chambers of the heart?
 
Right and Left Atria Right and Left Ventricles
35
What is coronary ciculation?
 
The circulation that feeds the heart
36
What is the pericardium?
 
Connective tissue sac that surrounds and protects the heart.
37
What is the myocardium?
 
Cadiac muscle enabling the heart to contract
38
What is the endocardium?
 
A thin layer of cells over the heart
39
What are the three layers of the heart?
 
-Endocardium -Myocardium -Pericardium
40
How does blood flow through the vein?
 
One way
41
What are the three functions of the heart?
 
-Pump blood -Regulate blood supply -Route blood
42
Apex
 
Tip or end of cone-shaped heart
43
the region of the thoracic cavity in which the heart lies is called the what?
 
Mediastinum
44
How much does your heart weigh?
 
Around 10 ounces
45
What size is your heart?
 
The size of your fist
46
The illiac veins come together to form what?
 
The inferior vena cava
47
The superior vena cava opens into what?
 
The right atrium
48
What is the correct order of blood flow inside the cranial cavity?
 
-Venus sinus -Internal jugular -Subclavian -Brachiocephalic
49
What is pulmonary circulation?
 
It oxygenates the blood
50
What is systemic circulation?
 
Delivers the blood to the rest of the body
51
What kind of muscle is the heart?
 
An involuntary muscle
52
What are the four valve types?
 
-Tricuspid -Bicuspid (mitrol) -Pulmonary -Aortic
53
What is a phlebotomist?
 
 technician who draws blood


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