Chapter 8 AP Human Geography Vocab

85 cards

AP human geog raphy vo


 
  
Created Jan 12, 2011
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lashbrookt

 

 
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1
Annexation
 
legally adding land area to a city in the United States
2
Apartheid
 
Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different...
3
Balkanization
 
Process by which a state breaks down through conflicts around its ethnicities
4
Border Landscape
 
the complex representation of the environment around that area
5
Boundary Disputes Definitional
 
conflict over the language of the border agreeement in a treaty or boundary contract
6
Boundary Disputes Locational
 
focus on delimitation or demarcation of boundary
7
Boundary Disputes Operational
 
arises due to a conflict about the administration of a boundary
8
Boundary Disputes Allocational
 
focus on baoundaries (especially on the sea floor0 while in search of resources
9
Boundary Origin Antecedent
 
boundary that was created before the present day cultural landscape developed
10
Boundary Origin Subsequent
 
boudnary evolved as the cultural landscape of an area took shape
11
Boundary Origin Superimposed
 
boundary that is forcibly drawn across a unified cultural landscape
12
Boundary Origin Relic
 
A border that has ceased to function but whose imprints are still evident of the cultural landscape...
13
Boundary Process Definiton
 
the beginning point and the end point of a process
14
Boundary Process Delimitation
 
is the term used to describe the drawing of boundaries, but is most often used to describe...
15
Boundary Process Demarcation
 
the act of setting and marking limits or boundaries
16
Boundary type Natural/Physical
 
important physical features on Earth's surface can make good boundaries because they are easily...
17
Boundary Type Ethnographic/cultural, geometric
 
the boundaries between some states coincide with differences in ethnicity, especially language...
18
Buffer State
 
a relatively small country sandwhiched between two larger powers. The existence of them my...
19
Capital
 
principle city in a state or country. The best place to locate it is at the center of a country...
20
Centrifugal
 
forces that tend to divide a country
21
Centripetal
 
forces that tend to unite or bind a country together
22
City-State
 
a sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
23
Colonialism
 
attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and...
24
Confederation
 
a form of an international organization that brings several autonomous states together for...
25
Conference of Berlin
 
the metting of European powers in 1884-85 resulting in the Berlin Treaty and the partition...
26
Core/periphery
 
refers to the center, heart, or focus. In a nation-state, this area is the heartland with the...
27
Decolonization
 
the action of changing from colonial to independent status
28
Devolution
 
the process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy...
29
Domino Theory
 
the idea that political destabilization in one country can lead to collapse of political stability...
30
EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone)
 
an area from the shore in which a state has rights to explore, exploit, and manage natural...
31
Electoral regions
 
the different voting districts that make up local, state, and national regions
32
Enclave
 
any small and relatively homogenous group or region surrounded by another larger and different...
33
Exclave
 
a bounded territory that is part of a particular state but is separated from it by the territory...
34
ethnic conflict
 
conflict between ethnic groups that struggle to achieve certain political or economic goals...
35
European Union
 
international organization comprised of Western Euorpean countries to promote free trade among...
36
Federal
 
an internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government...
37
Forward capital
 
capital city positioned in actually or potenially contested territory, usually near an international...
38
frontier
 
a zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
39
Geopolitics
 
the study of the interplay between political relations and the territorial context in which...
40
Gerrymander
 
the designation of voting districts so as to favor a particular political party or candidate...
41
Global Commons
 
those parts of our environment abailable ot everyone but for which no the atmoshper, fresh...
42
Heartland/rimland
 
hypothesis proposed by Halford Mackinder that held that any political power based in the heart...
43
Immigration states
 
a type of reciving state which is the target of many immigrants; popular because of their economy,...
44
international organization
 
an alliance of two or more countries seeking cooperation with each other without giving up...
45
Iron Curtain
 
an impenetrable barrier to communication or information especially as imposed by rigid censorship...
46
Irredentism
 
a policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a country aimed at a group...
47
Landlocked
 
a stae that is completely surrounded by the land of other states, which gives it a disadvantage...
48
law of the sea
 
law establishing states' rights and responsibilites concerning the ownership and use of the...
49
Halford J Mackinder
 
was an English geographer and is considered one of the founding fathers of both geopolitics...
50
manifest destiny
 
the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic...
51
Median-line principle
 
statement in UNCLOS declaring that when there is not enough water for each country on o0pposite...
52
microstate
 
a state that encompasses a very small land area
53
ministate
 
an imprecise term for a territory, extremely small in both area and population
54
nation
 
tightly knit group of individuals sharing a common language, ethnicity, religion, and other...
55
national iconography
 
figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secualr; more broadly,...
56
nation-state
 
a cuntry whose population possesses a substantial degree of cultural homogeneity and unity...
57
nunavut
 
an arctic territory in northern Canada created in 1999 and governed solely by the Inuit
58
Rasion d'etre
 
reason for being; the purpose that justifies a thing's existence
59
reapportionment
 
the process of a reallocation of elecctoral seats to deifined territories
60
regionalism
 
a foreign policy that defines the international interests of a country in terms of particular...
61
religious conflict
 
conflicts between religions that has often resulted in bloodshed
62
reunification
 
the unification of something that was previously divided; used especially of a country
63
satellite state
 
national state that is economically dependent and poitically and militarily subservient to...
64
self-determination
 
the right of a nation to govern itself autonomosly
65
shatterbelt
 
a large, strategically located region that is occupied by a number of conflicting interests...
66
sovereignty
 
supreme or independent political power
67
state
 
a politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and is recognized...
68
stateless ethnic groups
 
ethnic groups that share certain cultural, political, and/or historic qualities, such as religion,...
69
stateless nation
 
a nation that does not have a state
70
suffrage
 
the right to vote
71
supranationalism
 
a venture involving three or more nation-states involving formal political, economic, and/or...
72
territorial disputes
 
any dispute over land ownership
73
territorial morphology compact
 
a country in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly...
74
territorial morphology fragmented
 
a country that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
75
territorial morphology elongated
 
a country with a long, narrow shape
76
territorial morphology Prorupt
 
an otherwise compact country with a large projecting extension
77
territorial morphology perforated
 
a country that completely surrounds another state
78
territoriality
 
in political geography a country's or a more local community's sense of property and attachment...
79
Theocracy
 
a state whose government is either believed to be divinely guided or a state under the control...
80
treaty ports
 
a port kept open for foreign trade according to the terms of a treat, especially formerly in...
81
UNCLOS (United National Convention on the Law of the Sea)
 
is the international agreement that resulted from the third United Nations Conference on the...
82
unitary
 
a state governed constitutionally as a unit, without internal divisions or a federalist delegation...
83
USSR collapse
 
the primary causes were political and economic and they were result of the culture of war
84
Women's enfranchisement
 
the right of women to vote; exercise of the franchise by women
85
NA
 
NA

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