Chapter 7: Social Process Theories

25 cards


 
  
Created Oct 30, 2012
by
cassiek07

 

 
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1
social process theory
 
the view that criminality is a function of people's interactions with various organizations,...
2
social learning theory
 
the view that people learn to be aggressive by observing others acting aggressively to achieve...
3
social control theory
 
the view that people commit crime when the forces binding them to society are weakened or broken
4
social reaction (labeling) theory
 
the view that people become criminals when they are labeled as such and accept the label as...
5
socialization
 
process of human development and enculturation. Socialization is influenced by key social processes...
6
parental efficacy
 
the ability of parents to be supportive of their children and effectively control them in concoercive...
7
differential association theory
 
the view that people commit crime when their social leanring leads them to percieve more definitions...
8
culture conflict
 
recult of exposure to opposing norms, attitudes, and definitions or right and wrong, moral...
9
neutralization theory
 
the view tha law violators learn to neutralize conventional valies and attitude,s enabling...
10
drift
 
movement in and out of delinquency, shifting between conventional and deviant values
11
neutralization techniques
 
methods of rationalizing deviant behavior, such as denying responsibiity or blaming the victim
12
self-control
 
a strong moral sense that renders a person incapable of hurting others or violating social...
13
commitment to conformity
 
a strong personal investment in conventional institutions, individuals, and processes that...
14
social bonds
 
the ties that bind people to society, including relationships with friends, family, neighbors,...
15
moral enrepenuer
 
a person who creates moral rules that reflect the values of those in poewr rather than any...
16
stigmatize
 
to apply negative labeling with enduring effects on a person's self-image and social interactions
17
successful degradation ceremony
 
a course of action or ritual in which someon's identity is publicly redefined and destroyed...
18
retrospective reading
 
the reassessment of a person's past to fit a current genralized label
19
primary deviance
 
a norm of violation of crime that has little or no long term influence on the violator
20
secondary deviance
 
a norm violation or crime that ocmes to the attention of signifcant others or social control...
21
deviance amplifications
 
process whereby secondary deviacne pushes offenders out of maintstream society locks them into...
22
racial profiling
 
the use of racil and ethnic characteristics by police in their determining whether a person...
23
reflected appraisal
 
when parents are alienated from their children, their negative labeling reduces their children's...
24
diversion programs
 
programs of rehabilitation that remove offenders from the normal channels of the criminal justivee...
25
resititution
 
permitting an offender to repay the victim or do useful work in the community rather than facing...


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