Chapter 7 Skin Structure & Growth

Created Jun 7, 2013
by MarzM3ow
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The medical branch of science that deals with the study of the skin, its functions, and diseases...
Dermatology
The largest organ of the human body is the
Skin
Continued pressure on any part of the skin causes it to thicken and develop into a(n)
Appendage
The thinnest skin can be found on the
Eyelid
The outermost layer of the skin that forms the protective covering of the body is the
Epidermis
The epidermis layer of the skin is also known as
Cuticle layer
The deepest layer of the epidermis, the basal cell layer, is also known as the
Stratum Germinativum
The layer of the skin that is composed of several layers of different- shaped cells and is...
Stratum Germinativum
The clear, transparent layer just under the skin surface that consists of small cells through...
Stratum Lucidum
The layer that consists of cells that look like distinct granules and are pushed to the surface...
Stratum Granulosum
The stratum germinativum is composed of several layers with special cells tht produce a dark...
Melanin
The layer of skin that we see and is treated by the practitioner is the
Corneum
A fiber protein that is the principal component of hair, skin, and nails is
Keratin
The underlying or inner layer of the skin also called the derma corium, cutis, or true skin...
Dermis
The dermis layer is made up of two layers which are the
Papillary and reticular
The deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients is the
Reticular layer
The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis is the
Epidermal-dermal junction
The fatty layer found below the dermis is the
Subcutaneous
The muscle that causes goose bumps when a person is frightened or cold is the
Arrector pili muscle
The layer of the dermis that houses the nerve endings that provide the body with the sense...
Papillary layer
The tiny granules of coloring matter deposited in cells that provide skin with its color are
Melanin
The melanin produced by the body that is red to yellow in color is
Pheomelanin
A fibrous protein that gives the skin form and strength is
Collagen
The fibrous protein that gives skin its flexibility and helps skin regain its shape after being...
Elastin
The two types of duct glands that extract materials from the blood to form new substances are
Sudoriferous and sebaceous glands
Oil glands that are connected to hair follicles are also called
Sebaceous glands
When sebum hardens and the sebaceous duct becomes clogged, the pore impaction that is formed...
Comedone
Retinoic acid, or Retin-A, is a prescription cream used to treat
Acne
Water is the number one nutrient of the body and composes what percentage of the body's...
50 to 70 percent
The principal functions of the skin are pretection, sensation, heat regulation, excretion,...
Secretion and absorption


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