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Chapter 7 - Respiratory System - Diagnostic Tests And Procedures

Diagnostic Tests And Procedures Related To The Respiratory System
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Side ASide B
arterial blood gas (ABG)
analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
pH
abbreviation for the potential of hydrogen; measurement of blood acidity or alkalinity
PaO2
abbreviation for partial pressure of oxygen; measurement of the amount of oxygen in the blood
PaCO2
abbreviation for partial pressure of carbon dioxide; measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide...
endoscopy
examination inside a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic or treatment purposes
bronchoscopy
use of a flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways
nasopharyngoscopy
use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx to diagnose structural...
examination methods
techniques used during physical examination to objectively evaluate the respiratory system
auscultation
to listen; a physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with the...
percussion
a physical examination method of tapping the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate...
lung biopsy (Bx)
removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination
lung scan / ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan
a two-part nuclear (radionuclide) scan of the lungs to detect abnormalities of ventilation...
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions
polysomnography (PSG)
recording of various aspects of sleep (i.e., eye and muscle movements, respiration, and brain-wave...
pulmonary function testing (PFT)
direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
spirometry
direct measurement of lung volume and capacity
tidal volume (TV or VT)
amount of air exhaled after a normal inspiration
vital capacity (VC)
amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
peak flow (PF) / peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)
measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after a maximal inspiration
pulse oximetry
noninvasive method of estimating the percentage of oxygen saturation in the blood using an...
radiology
x-ray imaging
chest x-ray (CXR)
x-ray imaging of the chest to visualize the lungs; directional terms identify the path of the...
computed tomography (CT)
CT of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lung; CT of the head is used to visualize...
pulmonary angiography
x-ray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast material


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