Chapter 7 - Respiratory System - Diagnostic Tests and Procedures

24 cards

diagnostic tests and procedures related to the respiratory system


 
  
Created Jul 8, 2012
by
nibun37

 

 
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1
arterial blood gas (ABG)
 
analysis of arterial blood to determine the adequacy of lung function in the exchange of gases
2
pH
 
abbreviation for the potential of hydrogen; measurement of blood acidity or alkalinity
3
PaO2
 
abbreviation for partial pressure of oxygen; measurement of the amount of oxygen in the blood
4
PaCO2
 
abbreviation for partial pressure of carbon dioxide; measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide...
5
endoscopy
 
examination inside a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic or treatment purposes
6
bronchoscopy
 
use of a flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways
7
nasopharyngoscopy
 
use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx to diagnose structural...
8
examination methods
 
techniques used during physical examination to objectively evaluate the respiratory system
9
auscultation
 
to listen; a physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with the...
10
percussion
 
a physical examination method of tapping the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate...
11
lung biopsy (Bx)
 
removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination
12
lung scan / ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan
 
a two-part nuclear (radionuclide) scan of the lungs to detect abnormalities of ventilation...
13
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
 
nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions
14
polysomnography (PSG)
 
recording of various aspects of sleep (i.e., eye and muscle movements, respiration, and brain-wave...
15
pulmonary function testing (PFT)
 
direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
16
spirometry
 
direct measurement of lung volume and capacity
17
tidal volume (TV or VT)
 
amount of air exhaled after a normal inspiration
18
vital capacity (VC)
 
amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
19
peak flow (PF) / peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)
 
measure of the fastest flow of exhaled air after a maximal inspiration
20
pulse oximetry
 
noninvasive method of estimating the percentage of oxygen saturation in the blood using an...
21
radiology
 
x-ray imaging
22
chest x-ray (CXR)
 
x-ray imaging of the chest to visualize the lungs; directional terms identify the path of the...
23
computed tomography (CT)
 
CT of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lung; CT of the head is used to visualize...
24
pulmonary angiography
 
x-ray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast material


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