Side ASide B
Loss of memory for events that occur after a head injury
Focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or events
A group of familiar stimuli stored as a single unit
Tendancy to remember similar or related items in groups
multilevel classification system based on common properties among items
hypothetical process involving the gradual conversion of the information into durable memory...
the idea that forgetting occurs because memory traces fade with time
Declarative memory system
memory for factual information
Paivo's theory that memory is inhanced by forming semantic and visual codes, since either can...
linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding
forming a memory code
encoding specific principal
the idea that the value of a retreival cue depends on how well it corresponds to the memory...
episodic memory system
chronological recollations of personal experiences
intentional recollation of previous experiences
unusually vivid and detailed recollections of momentuous events
graph showing retention and forgetting over time
type of memory apparent when retention is exhibited on a task that does not require intentional...
the idea that people forget information because of competition from other material
a mnemonic technique in which one associates a concrete word with an abstract word and generates...
levels of processing theory
theory holding that deeper levels of mental processing result in longer lasting memory codes
forming a mental image of items to be remembered in a way that links them together
long term memory
an unlimited capacity store that can hold information for lengthy periods of time
long term potentation
a long lasting increase in neural excitability in synapses along a specific neural pathway
method of loci
mnemonic device that involves taking an imainary walk along a familiar pathway where images...
strategies for inhancing memory
nondeclarative memory system
memory for actions
continued rehearsal of material after one first appears to have mastered it
parallel distributed processing models
models of memory that assume cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation in highly...
a memory problem that occurs when previously learned information interferes with the retention...
procedural memory system
the repository of memores for actions, skills, and operations
the process of deciding whether memories are based on external sources or internal sources
a memory test that requires subjects to reproduce information on their own without any ques
the process of repetitively verbalizing or thining about information to be stored in memory
a memory test that requires a subject to memorize information a second time to determine how...
keeping distressing thoughts and feelings buried in the unconcious
the proportion of material retained
recovering information from memory stores
loss of memories for events that occured prior to a head injury
a memory problem that occurs when new information impairs the retention of previously learned...
the ability to remember events from the past or previously learned information
an organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or sequence of events
a type of schema that organizes what people know about common activities
deciding how or whether information is personally relevent
semantic memory system
general knowledge that is not tied to the time when the information was learned
the preservation of information in its original sensory form for a brief time, usually only...
in memory tests, the fact that subjects show better recall for items at the beginning and end...
a limited capacity store that can maintain unrehearsed information for about 20-30 seconds
the process of making attributions about the origin of memories
source monitoring error
an error that occurs when a memory derived from one source is misattributed to another source
maintaining encoded information in memory over time
temporary inability to remember something accompanied by a feeling that it's just out of reach
the situation that occurs when the inital processing of information is similar to the type...