Chapter 6 The Lymphatic And Immune Systems Med Term Level 3

75 cards


 
  
Created Mar 29, 2013
by
ashleyrushea

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
anti-
 
against
2
carcin/o
 
cancer
3
immun/o
 
protected
4
lymph/o
 
lymph
5
lymphaden/o
 
lymph node
6
lymphangi/o
 
lymph vessel
7
neo-, ne/o
 
new or strange
8
-oma
 
tumor
9
onc/o
 
tumor
10
phag/o
 
eat or swallow
11
-plasm
 
formation
12
sarc/o
 
flesh
13
splen/o
 
spleen
14
-tic
 
pertaining to
15
tox/o
 
poison
16
AIDS (aquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
 
the most advanced, and fatal, stage of an HIV infection
17
allergen
 
a substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual.
18
anaphylaxis
 
anaphylactic shock, is a severe response to an allergen. Symptoms can develop quickly, and...
19
antibiotic
 
medications that are capable of inhibiting growth, or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms....
20
antibody
 
a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific...
21
antifungal
 
an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi. 
22
antigen
 
any sybstance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins,...
23
antigen-antibody reaction
 
a.k.a. immune reaction, involves binding antigens to antibodies. This resction labels a potentially...
24
autoimmune disorder
 
a.k.a. autoimmune disease, is any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition...
25
bacilli
 
rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria
26
bacteria
 
one-celled microcopic organisms. Most bacteria are not harmful to humans. Bacteria that are...
27
carcinoma
 
a malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue. This tissue forms the protective covering...
28
carcinoma in situ
 
desctibes a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet distrbed or invaded the...
29
complement
 
a group of proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form and are activated...
30
cytomegalovirus
 
a member of the herpesvirus family that cause a variety of diseases
31
cytotoxic drug
 
a medication that kills or damages cells. These drugs are used as immunosuppressants or as...
32
ductal carcinoma in situ
 
breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk...
33
hemolytic
 
function of destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse
34
herpes zoster
 
a.k.a. shingles, is an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow...
35
Hodgkin's lymphoma
 
a.k.a. Hodgkin's disease is distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large,...
36
HIV (human immunodeficiency disorder)
 
a bloodbotne infection in which the virus damages or kills the cells of the immune system,...
37
immunoglobulins
 
bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response. The five primaery types, which...
38
immunosuppressant
 
a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response. This medication...
39
immunotherapy
 
a disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response
40
infectious mononucleosis
 
a.k.a. mono, is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. This condition is characterized by fever,...
41
infiltrating ductal carcinoma
 
a.k.a. invasive ductial carcinoma, starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of the...
42
interferon
 
a family of proteins produced by the T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing...
43
lymphadenitis
 
a.k.a. swollen glands, is an inglammation of the lymph nodes. The terms lymph nodes and lymph...
44
lymphadenopathy
 
any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes.
45
lymphangioma
 
a benign tumor formed by abnorml collection of lymphatic vessels due to a congenital malformation...
46
lymphedema
 
swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues
47
lymphocytes
 
white blood cells that are formed in bone marrow as stem cells. These cells undergo further...
48
lymphokines
 
produced by the T cells, direct the antigen-antibody response by signaling between the cells...
49
lymphoma
 
a general term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues. This includes lymph nodes,...
50
lymphoscintigraphy
 
a diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels
51
macrophage
 
a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells. Macrophages also remove...
52
malaria
 
a disease caused bya a parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes that is transferred to humans...
53
mammography
 
a radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous...
54
metastasis
 
a new cancer site that results from the spreading process. The mestasis can be within the same...
55
metastasize
 
the process by which cancer spreads from one place to another. The cancer moves from the primary...
56
myoma
 
a benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
57
myosarcoma
 
a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
58
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
 
the term used to describe all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma. 
59
opportunistic infection
 
caused by a pathogen that does ot normally produce an illness in health humans. However, when...
60
osteosarcoma
 
a malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of long bones, the perlvis, or knee.
61
parasite
 
a plant or animal that lives on, or within, another living organism at the expense of that...
62
pathogen
 
a microorganism that causes adisease in humans. A microorganism is a living organism that is...
63
rabies
 
an acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans by the bite or saliva...
64
rickettsia
 
a small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, and mites
65
rubella
 
a.k.a. German measles or 3-day measles, is a viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever,...
66
sarcoma
 
a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, soft tissues, and liquid tissues
67
spirochetes
 
spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
68
splenomegaly
 
an abnormal enlargement of the spleen. This condition can be due to bleeding caused by an injury,...
69
staphylococci
 
a group of about 30 species of bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters resembling grapes
70
streptococci
 
bacteria that form a chain. Many streptococcal species are harmless; however, other members...
71
teletherapy
 
radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body.
72
tetanus
 
caused by the bacillus Clostridium tetani, and is transmitted through a cur or wound. Commonly...
73
toxoplasmosis
 
most commonly transmitted from animals to humans by contact with contaminated feces. 
74
varicella
 
a.k.a. chickenpox, is caused by the herpes virus Varicella zoster and is highly contagious....
75
immunodeficiency disorder
 
occurs when the immune response is compromised. Compromised means weakened, reduced, absent,...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel