Chapter 6 The Lymphatic And Immune Systems Med Term Level 3

  
Created Mar 29, 2013
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ashleyrushea
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Side ASide B
anti-
against
carcin/o
cancer
immun/o
protected
lymph/o
lymph
lymphaden/o
lymph node
lymphangi/o
lymph vessel
neo-, ne/o
new or strange
-oma
tumor
onc/o
tumor
phag/o
eat or swallow
-plasm
formation
sarc/o
flesh
splen/o
spleen
-tic
pertaining to
tox/o
poison
AIDS (aquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
the most advanced, and fatal, stage of an HIV infection
allergen
a substance that produces an allergic reaction in an individual.
anaphylaxis
anaphylactic shock, is a severe response to an allergen. Symptoms can develop quickly, and...
antibiotic
medications that are capable of inhibiting growth, or killing pathogenic bacterial microorganisms....
antibody
a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific...
antifungal
an agent that destroys or inhibits the growth of fungi. 
antigen
any sybstance that the body regards as being foreign, and includes viruses, bacteria, toxins,...
antigen-antibody reaction
a.k.a. immune reaction, involves binding antigens to antibodies. This resction labels a potentially...
autoimmune disorder
a.k.a. autoimmune disease, is any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition...
bacilli
rod-shaped spore-forming bacteria
bacteria
one-celled microcopic organisms. Most bacteria are not harmful to humans. Bacteria that are...
carcinoma
a malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue. This tissue forms the protective covering...
carcinoma in situ
desctibes a malignant tumor in its original position that has not yet distrbed or invaded the...
complement
a group of proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form and are activated...
cytomegalovirus
a member of the herpesvirus family that cause a variety of diseases
cytotoxic drug
a medication that kills or damages cells. These drugs are used as immunosuppressants or as...
ductal carcinoma in situ
breast cancer at its earliest stage before the cancer has broken through the wall of the milk...
hemolytic
function of destroying worn-out red blood cells and releasing their hemoglobin for reuse
herpes zoster
a.k.a. shingles, is an acute viral infection characterized by painful skin eruptions that follow...
Hodgkin's lymphoma
a.k.a. Hodgkin's disease is distinguished from other lymphomas by the presence of large,...
HIV (human immunodeficiency disorder)
a bloodbotne infection in which the virus damages or kills the cells of the immune system,...
immunoglobulins
bind with specific antigens in the antigen-antibody response. The five primaery types, which...
immunosuppressant
a substance that prevents or reduces the body's normal immune response. This medication...
immunotherapy
a disease treatment that involves either stimulating or repressing the immune response
infectious mononucleosis
a.k.a. mono, is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. This condition is characterized by fever,...
infiltrating ductal carcinoma
a.k.a. invasive ductial carcinoma, starts in the milk duct, breaks through the wall of the...
interferon
a family of proteins produced by the T cells whose specialty is fighting viruses by slowing...
lymphadenitis
a.k.a. swollen glands, is an inglammation of the lymph nodes. The terms lymph nodes and lymph...
lymphadenopathy
any disease process affecting a lymph node or nodes.
lymphangioma
a benign tumor formed by abnorml collection of lymphatic vessels due to a congenital malformation...
lymphedema
swelling due to an abnormal accumulation of lymph fluid within the tissues
lymphocytes
white blood cells that are formed in bone marrow as stem cells. These cells undergo further...
lymphokines
produced by the T cells, direct the antigen-antibody response by signaling between the cells...
lymphoma
a general term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues. This includes lymph nodes,...
lymphoscintigraphy
a diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels
macrophage
a type of white blood cell that surrounds and kills invading cells. Macrophages also remove...
malaria
a disease caused bya a parasite that lives in certain mosquitoes that is transferred to humans...
mammography
a radiographic examination of the breasts to detect the presence of tumors or precancerous...
metastasis
a new cancer site that results from the spreading process. The mestasis can be within the same...
metastasize
the process by which cancer spreads from one place to another. The cancer moves from the primary...
myoma
a benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
myosarcoma
a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
the term used to describe all lymphomas other than Hodgkin's lymphoma. 
opportunistic infection
caused by a pathogen that does ot normally produce an illness in health humans. However, when...
osteosarcoma
a malignant tumor usually involving the upper shaft of long bones, the perlvis, or knee.
parasite
a plant or animal that lives on, or within, another living organism at the expense of that...
pathogen
a microorganism that causes adisease in humans. A microorganism is a living organism that is...
rabies
an acute viral infection that is most commonly transmitted to humans by the bite or saliva...
rickettsia
a small bacterium that lives in lice, fleas, ticks, and mites
rubella
a.k.a. German measles or 3-day measles, is a viral infection characterized by a low-grade fever,...
sarcoma
a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, soft tissues, and liquid tissues
spirochetes
spiral-shaped bacteria that have flexible walls and are capable of movement
splenomegaly
an abnormal enlargement of the spleen. This condition can be due to bleeding caused by an injury,...
staphylococci
a group of about 30 species of bacteria that form irregular groups or clusters resembling grapes
streptococci
bacteria that form a chain. Many streptococcal species are harmless; however, other members...
teletherapy
radiation therapy administered at a distance from the body.
tetanus
caused by the bacillus Clostridium tetani, and is transmitted through a cur or wound. Commonly...
toxoplasmosis
most commonly transmitted from animals to humans by contact with contaminated feces. 
varicella
a.k.a. chickenpox, is caused by the herpes virus Varicella zoster and is highly contagious....
immunodeficiency disorder
occurs when the immune response is compromised. Compromised means weakened, reduced, absent,...


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