Chapter 6: Social Structure Theory

26 cards


 
  
Created Oct 30, 2012
by
cassiek07

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
stratified society
 
people grouped according to economic ot social class characterized by the unequal distribution...
2
social class
 
segment of the population whose members are at a relatively similar economiv level and who...
3
culture of poverty
 
a separate lower-class culture, characterized by aathy, cynicism, helplessness, and mistrust...
4
underclass
 
the lowest social stratum in any country, whose members lack the education and skills needed...
5
social sturcture theory
 
the view that disadvantageed economic class position is a promary cause of crime
6
social disorganization theory
 
branch of social structure theory that focuses on the breakdown in inner-city neghborhoods...
7
strain theory
 
branch of social structure theory that sees crime as a function of the conflict netween people's...
8
strain
 
the anger, frustration and resentment epereienced by people who believe they cannot achieve...
9
cultural deviance theory
 
branch of social structure theory that sees strain and social disorganization together resulting...
10
subculture
 
a set of values, beliefs, and traditions unique to a particular social class or group within...
11
cultural transmission
 
process whereby values, beliefs and traditions are handed down from one generation to the next
12
transitional neighborhood
 
an area undergoing a shift in population and structure, usualy from middle-class residential...
13
concentration effect
 
as working and middle class fmailies flee inner-city poverty-ridden areas, the most disadvantaged...
14
collective efficacy
 
social control extorted by cohesive communities and based on mutal trust, including intervention...
15
anomie theory
 
the view that anomie results when socially defined goals (such as wealth and power) are universally...
16
institutional anomie theory
 
the view that anomie pervades U.S. culture because the drive for material wealth dominates...
17
American Dream
 
the goal of accumulating material goods and wealth through individual competitions; the process...
18
relative deprivation
 
envy, mistrust, and agression resulting from perceptions of economic and soail inequality
19
relative strain theory (GST)
 
the view taht multiple sources of stain interact with an individual's emotional traits...
20
negative effective states
 
anger, frustration, and adverse emotions produced by a variety of sources of strain
21
local concerns
 
values, such as toughness and street smarts, that have evolved specifcally to fit conditions...
22
delinquent subculture
 
a value system adopted by lower-class youths that is directly opposed to that of the larger...
23
status frustration
 
a form of culture conflict expereinced by lower-class youths becasue social conditions prevent...
24
middle-class measuring rods
 
the standards by which authority figures, such as teachers and employers, evaluate lower-class...
25
reaction formation
 
irriational hostility evidenced by young deliquents, who adopt norms directly opposed to middle-class...
26
differential opportunity
 
the view that lower-class youths whose legitimate opportunities are limited, join gangs and...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel