Chapter 6: Social Structure Theory

 
Created Oct 30, 2012
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cassiek07
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stratified society
people grouped according to economic ot social class characterized by the unequal distribution...
social class
segment of the population whose members are at a relatively similar economiv level and who...
culture of poverty
a separate lower-class culture, characterized by aathy, cynicism, helplessness, and mistrust...
underclass
the lowest social stratum in any country, whose members lack the education and skills needed...
social sturcture theory
the view that disadvantageed economic class position is a promary cause of crime
social disorganization theory
branch of social structure theory that focuses on the breakdown in inner-city neghborhoods...
strain theory
branch of social structure theory that sees crime as a function of the conflict netween people's...
strain
the anger, frustration and resentment epereienced by people who believe they cannot achieve...
cultural deviance theory
branch of social structure theory that sees strain and social disorganization together resulting...
subculture
a set of values, beliefs, and traditions unique to a particular social class or group within...
cultural transmission
process whereby values, beliefs and traditions are handed down from one generation to the next
transitional neighborhood
an area undergoing a shift in population and structure, usualy from middle-class residential...
concentration effect
as working and middle class fmailies flee inner-city poverty-ridden areas, the most disadvantaged...
collective efficacy
social control extorted by cohesive communities and based on mutal trust, including intervention...
anomie theory
the view that anomie results when socially defined goals (such as wealth and power) are universally...
institutional anomie theory
the view that anomie pervades U.S. culture because the drive for material wealth dominates...
American Dream
the goal of accumulating material goods and wealth through individual competitions; the process...
relative deprivation
envy, mistrust, and agression resulting from perceptions of economic and soail inequality
relative strain theory (GST)
the view taht multiple sources of stain interact with an individual's emotional traits...
negative effective states
anger, frustration, and adverse emotions produced by a variety of sources of strain
local concerns
values, such as toughness and street smarts, that have evolved specifcally to fit conditions...
delinquent subculture
a value system adopted by lower-class youths that is directly opposed to that of the larger...
status frustration
a form of culture conflict expereinced by lower-class youths becasue social conditions prevent...
middle-class measuring rods
the standards by which authority figures, such as teachers and employers, evaluate lower-class...
reaction formation
irriational hostility evidenced by young deliquents, who adopt norms directly opposed to middle-class...
differential opportunity
the view that lower-class youths whose legitimate opportunities are limited, join gangs and...


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