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Chapter 6 Pg 1-3.5

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Side ASide B
True or False: Piaget believed that human infants start out as cognitive beings. Briefly explain your response. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ Because...
True or False: New studies reveal that although Piaget underestimated the age at which some cognitive capacities emerge, these cognitive attainments do, in fact, develop in the neat,...
List the four stages of cognitive development outlined in Piaget’s theory.
What is the most obvious change as children move from the sensorimotor stage to the preoperational stage?
True or False: Piaget believed that all aspects of cognition change in an integrated fashion.   True or False: Piaget’s stages are invariant, meaning that they always follow...
How does language increase the efficiency of thought?
According to Piaget, specific psychological structures, or organized ways of making sense of experience called _______________________, change with age. ____________________________...
According to Piaget, (language/sensorimotor activity) gives rise to representational thought.   Piaget proposed that play allows children to practice newly acquired ____________________________....
Match each of the following sensorimotor substages with the appropriate description. ______ Infants’ primary means of adapting to the environment is through reflexes. ______...
List three advances in make-believe play during early childhood, and give an example of each.
The _____________________________________ occurs when infants stumble onto a new experience caused by their own motor activity and then try to repeat the event again and again, thereby...
Around age 2, children begin to combine their pretend schemes with those of others in _______________ play.   True or False: In addition to Piaget’s assertions that play...
Explain the differences among primary, secondary, and tertiary circular reactions.
List the three-stage sequence through which drawing skills typically progress and the approximate age at which each stage is reached.
Eight- to 12-month-old infants gain an understanding that objects exist even when they are out of sight, a principle known as ________________________________. However, they typically...
True or False: Irreversibility is the most important feature of illogical thought. Give an example of irreversible thinking.   Lack of logical operations leads preschoolers to...
Explain the violation-of-expectation method, which is often used by researchers to examine infants’ grasp of object permanence and other aspects of physical reasoning.
Describe evidence indicating that culture has a significant impact on the development of drawing skills
In Renée Baillargeon’s experiments, infants as young as 2½ to 3½ months looked longer at the (expected/unexpected) event, suggesting that they (are/are not)...
The term __________________________ refers to the ability to view a symbolic object as both an object in its own right and a symbol. Provide an example.
True or False: Infants demonstrate the A-not-B search error because of memory deficits; that is, they cannot remember an object’s new location after it has been hidden in more...
According to Piaget, young children are not yet capable of operations. Define this term.
True or False: New studies of deferred imitation show that babies are capable of mental representation much earlier than Piaget proposed. The earliest categories used by infants...
Piaget believed that ___________________, the tendency to focus on one’s own viewpoint while ignoring other perspectives, is the fundamental deficiency of preoperational thought.   According...

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