Chapter 5 World Of Music

Chapter 5 World Of Music Chapter 5 Terms
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Embellishment
 
An ornamentation of a melody; adding notes for decoration according to established and commonly accepted performance practices
Fusion
 
A synthesis of elements of jazz and rock. A style of modern jazz.
Breaks
 
A stop of the music in a jazz piece during which a soloist improvises, usually for two bars.
Head Arrangements
 
Arrangements that are not notated but are worked out in rehersal and, eventually, played by memory in traditional jazz syle.
Improvisation
 
The process of simultaneously composing, performing, and listening to music.
Big Band Jazz
 
Music for a large jazz ensemble, usually from 12 to 20 musicians.
Walking Bass
 
A jazz bass line played on each beat, frequently with some embellishments and emphasizing the main tones of the underlying chord structure.
Scat Singing
 
Improvised jazz singing using a variety of vocal sounds rather than lyrics. Its purpose is to improvise a vocal solo line in the manner of a lead instrumentalist.
Syncopation
 
The occurrence of accents in unexpected places, usually on weak beats or on weak parts of beats.
Combo Jazz
 
A small jazz group, usually from three to six musicians.
Cool Jazz
 
An outgrowth of and reaction to bebop.
Free Jazz
 
A style that is almost pure improvisation without adherence to predetermined chord structures, meter, or melodic motives.
Ostinato
 
A rhythmic or melodic pattern repeated many times.
Hard Bop
 
The bebop style of the 1950s and 1960s
Sections
 
The different instrumental or vocal groupings of an ensemble.
Ragtime
 
A style of music first popular in the first two decades of the 20th century.
Comping
 
The syncopated chords and melodi figures played by a jazz pianist while accompanying a solo improvisation, adding rhythmic punctuation and vitality.
Sidemen
 
In a jazz combo, a leader typically put the group together (hired the musicians)
Stride
 
Originally a solo piano style growing out of ragtime.
Riffs
 
Short, sycopated patterns usually written for specific groups of instruments in a big band jazz arrangement.
Fills
 
Melodic movement and embellishment in jazz while the main melody sustains a tone, such as at the end of a pattern.
Mutes
 
A device placed on an instrument to alter its tone usually to soften it.
Lead
 
The soloist in a jazz arrangement or performance.
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