Chapter 5 World Of Music

Chapter 5 Terms
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An ornamentation of a melody; adding notes for decoration according to established and commonly accepted performance practices
A synthesis of elements of jazz and rock. A style of modern jazz.
A stop of the music in a jazz piece during which a soloist improvises, usually for two bars.
Head Arrangements
Arrangements that are not notated but are worked out in rehersal and, eventually, played by memory in traditional jazz syle.
The process of simultaneously composing, performing, and listening to music.
Big Band Jazz
Music for a large jazz ensemble, usually from 12 to 20 musicians.
Walking Bass
A jazz bass line played on each beat, frequently with some embellishments and emphasizing the main tones of the underlying chord structure.
Scat Singing
Improvised jazz singing using a variety of vocal sounds rather than lyrics. Its purpose is to improvise a vocal solo line in the manner of a lead instrumentalist.
The occurrence of accents in unexpected places, usually on weak beats or on weak parts of beats.
Combo Jazz
A small jazz group, usually from three to six musicians.
Cool Jazz
An outgrowth of and reaction to bebop.
Free Jazz
A style that is almost pure improvisation without adherence to predetermined chord structures, meter, or melodic motives.
A rhythmic or melodic pattern repeated many times.
Hard Bop
The bebop style of the 1950s and 1960s
The different instrumental or vocal groupings of an ensemble.
A style of music first popular in the first two decades of the 20th century.
The syncopated chords and melodi figures played by a jazz pianist while accompanying a solo improvisation, adding rhythmic punctuation and vitality.
In a jazz combo, a leader typically put the group together (hired the musicians)
Originally a solo piano style growing out of ragtime.
Short, sycopated patterns usually written for specific groups of instruments in a big band jazz arrangement.
Melodic movement and embellishment in jazz while the main melody sustains a tone, such as at the end of a pattern.
A device placed on an instrument to alter its tone usually to soften it.
The soloist in a jazz arrangement or performance.

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