Chapter 5: Language Barrier And Bridge

23 cards

Language: Barrier And Bridge Word Knowledge


 
  
Created Nov 10, 2011
by
al_eye_ssa

 

 
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1
Rules that govern the meaning of language, as opposed to its structure
 
Semantic rules
2
Words, word orders, phrases, or expressions that have more than one commonly accepted definition
 
Equivocal language
3
Words that gain their meaning through comparison
 
relative words
4
The tendency to view people or relationships as unchanging
 
Static evaluation
5
Language that is vague and unclear
 
Abstract language
6
Language that refers to specific things that people do or say
 
Behavioural language
7
A range of more to less abstract terms describing an event or object
 
Abstraction ladder
8
Rules that govern the way symbols can be arranged, as opposed to the meanings of those symbols....
 
Syntactic rules
9
Linguistic rules that help communicators understand how messages may be used and interpreted...
 
Pragmatic rules
10
The process of adapting one's speech style to match that of others with whom the communicator...
 
Convergence
11
Speech mannerisms that emphasize a communicator's differences from others.
 
Divergence
12
A language style in which speakers defer to listeners by using hedges, hesitations, intensifiers,...
 
Deferential language
13
A conclusion that is arrived at from an interpretation of evidence
 
Inference
14
Language that conveys the speaker's attitude rather than simply offering an objective description....
 
Emotive language
15
Statements that replace the personal pronoun/ with the less immediate word it, often with the...
 
"It" statements
16
A statement that describes the speaker's reaction to another person's behaviour without making...
 
"I" statements
17
Statements in which the word but cancels out the expression that preceded it
 
"But" statements.
18
A statement that expresses or implies a judgement of the other person
 
"You" Statement
19
A statement that implies that the issue is the concern and responsibility of both the sender...
 
"We" Statement
20
Cultures that use language primarily to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as clearly and...
 
Low-context cultures
21
Cultures that avoid direct use of language, relying instead on the context of a message to...
 
High-context cultures
22
the notion that the worldview of a culture is shaped and relfected by the language its members...
 
linguistic relativism
23
This hypothesis suggests that the language we speak affects how we interact with the world...
 
sapir-whorf hypothesis


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