Chapter 4 Integumentary System

Chapter 4
 
Created Jul 28, 2011
by tdatkins
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Side ASide B
aut/o
self
bi/o
life
coni/o
dust
crypt/o
hidden
cutane/o
skin
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
heter/o
other
hidr/o
sweat
kerat/o
horny tissue, hard
myc/o
fungus
necr/o
death (cells, body)
onych/o
nail
pachy/o
thick
rhytid/o
wrinkles
seb/o
sebum (oil)
staphyl/o
grapelike clusters
strept/o
twisted chains
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
xer/o
dry
epi-
on, upon, over
intra-
within
para-
on, upon, over
per-
through
sub-
under, below
trans-
through, across, beyond
-a
noun, suffix, no meaning
-coccus (pl. -cocci)
Berry-shaped (form of bacterium)
-ectomy
Excision or surgical removal
-ia
Diseased or abnormal state, condition of
-itis
inflammation
-malacia
softening
-opsy
view of, viewing
-phagia
Eating or swallowing
-plasty
surgical repair
-rrhea
Flow, excessive discharge
-tome
Instrument used to cut
abrasion
Scraping away of the skin by mechanical process or injury
abscess
Localized collection of pus
acne
Inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
actinic keratosis
A precancerous skin condition of horny tissue formation that results from excessive exposure...
albinism
white
basil cell carcinoma (BCC)
Epithelial tumor arising from the epidermis.  It seldom metastasizes but invades local...
candidiasis
An infection of the skin, mouth (thrush), or vagina caused by the yeast-like fungus Candidia...
carbuncle
Skin infection composed of a cluster of boils caused by staphylococcal bacteria
cellulitis
Inflammation of the connective tissue caused by infection, leading to redness, swelling, and...
contusion
Injury with no break in the skin, characterized by pain, swelling, discoloration (also called...
eczema
Noninfectious, inflammatory skin disease characterized by redness, blisters, scabs, and itching
fissure
Slit or crack-like sore in the skin
furuncle
Painful skin node caused by staphylococcal bacteria in a hair follicle (also called a boil
gangrene
Death of a tissue caused by a loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion
herpes
Inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus characterized by small blisters in clusters. ...
impetigo
Superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staphylococci or...
Kaposi sarcoma
A cancerous condition starting as purple or brown pimples on the feet, which spreads through...
laceration
Torn ragged, edged wounds
lesion
Any pathological change in the structure or function of tissue resulting from injury or disease
pediculosis
Invasion into the skin by hair and lice
psoriasis
Chronic skin condition producing red lesions covered with silvery scales
rosacea
chronic disorder of the skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels,...
scabies
Skin infection caused by the itch mite, a minute animal whose relative is the tick.  The...
scleroderma
A disease characterized by chronic hardening (induration)of the connective tissue of the skin...
shingles
development of paInful, inflammed blisters that follow the nerve roots; caused by the same...
squamos cell carcinoma (SqCCA)
A malignant growth that develops from scale like epithelial tissue.  On the skin it appears...
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
Inflammatory disease of the joints and the protein in the white fibers (collagen) of the connective...
tinea
Fungus infection of the skin commonly called “ringworm”
urticaria
An itching skin eruption composed of wheals of varying size and shape
cauterization
destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument, electric current, or caustic substance...
cryosurgery
destruction of tissue by using extreme cold, often by using liquid nitrogen
debriedment
removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
dermabrasion
procedures to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sandpaper
excision
removal by cutting
incision
surgical cut or wound produced by a sharp instrument
incision & drainage (I & D)
surgical cut made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a lesion, wound, or cavity
laser surgery
procedure using an instrument that emits a high powered beam of light used to cut, burn, vaporize,...
Mohs surgery
technique of microscopically controlled serial excisions of skin cancers
suturing
to stitch edges of a wound surgically
adipose
fat
allergy
Hypersensitivity to a substance
alopecia
baldness
bacteria (s. bacterium)
Single celled microorganisms that reproduce by cell division and may cause infection by invading...
cicatrix
scar
cyst
A closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
cytomegalovirus (CMV)
A herpes type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised
diaphorsis
Profuse sweating
ecchymosis
Escape of blood into the tissues causing superficial discoloration; a “black and blue”...
edema
Puffy swelling of tissue from the accumulation of fluid
emollient
Agent that softens or soothes the skin
erythema
redness
fungus (pl. fungi)
Organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules from its surroundings and may cause infection...
induration
Abnormal hard spot(s)
jaundice
Condition characterized by a yellow tinge to the skin (xanthoderma)
keloid
Overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia
Condition characterized by white spots or patches on mucous membrane, which may be precancerous
macule
Flat, colored spot on the skin
nevus ((pl. nevi)
Circumscribed pigmented area present at birth; mole, birthmark
nodule
A small knotlike mass that can be felt by touch
pallor
paleness
papule
Small, solid skin elevation (pimple)
petechia (pl. petechiae)
Pinpoint skin hemorrhages
pressure ulcer (decub)
Bedsore; an open area of skin caused by pressure or irritation
pruritus
Severe skin itching
purpura
Disorder characterized by hemorrhages into the tissue, giving the skin a purple-red discoloration
pustule
Elevation of skin containing pus
ulcer
Eroded sore on the skin or mucous membrane
verruca
Circumscribed cutaneous elevation caused by a virus; wart
vesicle
Small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid (blister)
virus
An infectious agent
wheal
Transitory, round, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and a red surrounding area...


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