Chapter 4 Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory: Applications...

Chapter 4 Notes And Book Coverage
Created Apr 20, 2011
by jenifura
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Side ASide B
Freud's tool of assessment free association technique
Valid but not efficient, so Freud sought out new assessment methods including projective...
Projective Tests
defining feature is that they are ambiguous. Individual will project aspects of his or...
Rorschach Inkblot Test
Showed images to hospitalized patients and identified inkblots that elicited different...
Thematic Apperception Test  (TELL A TALE)
consists of cards depicting ambiguous scene. Person asked to make up a story based on each....
at any given developmental stage, the individual may experience a failure in the development...
individual seeks to return to an earlier mode of satisfaction
Oral Personality Type
NarcissisticOthers seen only in terms of what they can give (feed)
Anal Personality Type
Sees excretion as symbolic of enormous power. Has anal triad
Anal Triad
1. Orderliness and cleanliness= defense against disorder2. Parsimony and stinginess=need...
Phallic Personality Type
different for men and womenMen= I AM MANExhibition quality is expressive of castration anxiety,...
Therapeutic change
coming to grips with emotions and unconscious wishes in a safe environment
psychoanalysis frees people to resume normal psychological development
Redistributes energy so more is available for mature and more gratifying activities
Dominated by unconscious and id
puts ego in control and makes unconscious desires conscious
patients project attitudes from other relationships onto analyst. Analyst is a mirror onto...
Change occurs in analysis because of the 3 therapeutic factors
1. Conflict is less intense than it was in the original situation2. Analyst assumes an attitude...
Alfred Adler (1870-1937)
Follower of Freud, broke from him to put greater emphasis on social urges and conscious thoughts....
Inferiority complex
How a person copes with inferiority becomes a distinctive aspect of his or her personality...
Carl Jung (1875-1961)
Has a father/son relationship with Freud called "crown prince"integrate various opposing forces...
Collective Unconscious
holds cumulative experiences of past generations; is universal. Contains universal images or...
Karen Horney (1885-1952)
Focused on cultural conditions that affect neuroses. Concluded that interpersonal relationships...
Conflict between 3 ways of responding to basic anxiety
1. Moving toward2. Moving against3. Moving away
Moving Toward
excessive interest in being accepted, needed and approved of
Moving Against
assumes that everyone is hostile and that life is a struggle against all
Moving Away
shrinks away from others in neurotic detachment
Object Relations Theory
interested in interpersonal relations, object is thing toward which drive is directed. Concerned...

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