PYSCH CHAPTER 3

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Chapter 3


 
  
Created Feb 16, 2012
by
samkeselman

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Diagnostic systems allow clinicians and scientists to   a. conduct psychotherapy. b....
 
b. communicate accurately with one another about cases and research.
2
Jim was given an intelligence test in March and re-administered the same test one year...
 

a. high test-retest reliability.
3
Generally it is impossible for measures to be   a. reliable but not valid. b....
 
b. valid but not reliable.
4
 Britney was taking a test to measure levels of depression.  All of the items...
 
b. high content validity.
5
N/A
 
N/A
6
In 1994, the DSM-IV was published by the   a. American Psychopathological and...
 
d. American Psychiatric Association. 
7
In 2000, the DSM-IV-TR was published   a. to clarify issues surrounding prevalence...
 
a. to clarify issues surrounding prevalence rates, course, and etiology.
8
The letters in the abbreviation DSM refers to   a. Diseases and Symptoms of...
 
b. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
9
n/A
 
N/A
10
Axes I and II are separated    a. to distinguish mood disorders from psychotic...
 
c. to distinguish longstanding disturbances from acute problems.
11
In DSM-IV-TR, long-standing diagnoses such as personality disorders are identified on...
 
b. only Axis II.
12
Axis V is included to   a. provide a current rating of functioning. b. estimate...
 
a. provide a current rating of functioning.
13
N/A
 
c. evaluate environmental and psychosocial problems.
14
Without Axis IV, which of the following would not be included in the DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?...
 
d. homelessness 
15
Jose has major depression and has multiple sclerosis.  He would be diagnosed on   a....
 
a. Axis I: major depression and Axis III: multiple sclerosis.
16
Sheila was recently robbed and subsequently developed an acute stress disorder. She was...
 
d. Axis I: Acute Stress Disorder; Axis III: blindness; Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental...
17
Axis V of the DSM-IV-TR considers all but which of the following?   a. social...
 
d. psychosocial problems experienced
18
The multiaxial approach in DSM-IV-TR encourages clinicians to make assessment judgments   a....
 
c. considering a wide range of information.
19
Major improvements since the DSM-III include all of the following EXCEPT   a....
 
c. decrease in diagnostic categories.
20
Which of the following diagnostic categories were at one time included in the DSM and...
 
a. homosexuality
21
Previous editions of the DSM were criticized for their   a. lack of attention...
 
b. lack of attention to cultural and ethnic variations in psychopathology.
22
Which of the following statements is TRUE?   a. Culture can have a large influence...
 

a. Culture can have a large influence on which symptoms of a given disorder are expressed.
23
Culture bound syndromes   a. are coded on Axis II. b. are listed in the appendix...
 
b. are listed in the appendix of the DSM.
24
A dissociative episode found primarily among men that involves brooding followed by violent...
 
c. amok.
25
In the DSM-IV, anxiety about the penis receding into the body is termed   a....
 
d. koro. 
26
Studies of psychopathology in other cultures suggest that   a. people diagnosed...
 

a. people diagnosed with a culture-bound syndrome may also meet DSM criteria for a specific...
27
The DSM-IV-TR includes approximately _____ different diagnostic categories.   a....
 

a. 300
28
Some critics of the DSM-IV-TR believe that   a. there are not enough different...
 
b. the DSM-IV-TR has pathologized too many problems without good justification.
29
Comorbidity refers to   a. the likelihood that a given psychological disorder...
 
c. the presence of a second diagnosis.
30
The DSM-IV-TR is an example of which approach to classification?   a. categorical b....
 

a. categorical
31
Which of the following is a dimensional classification system?   a. gender b....
 
d. grade point average
32
Dr. Kline classified her patients according to hair color. Some were classified as blonde,...
 
c. categorical classification.
33
You are relying on a dimensional classification scheme and work with individuals who struggle...
 
d. severity 
34
The fact that SSRI’s often relieve symptoms of anxiety as well as depression suggests...
 
b. anxiety and depression should be part of the same diagnostic category.
35
What is one reason categorical systems are popular?   a. Freud was a proponent...
 
b. They define a certain threshold for treatment.
36
Caleb went to see two different psychologists about his depressive symptoms. One told...
 
a. interrater reliability.
37
n/a
 
n/a
38
In order to study the reliability of a diagnostic category, we would study whether   a....
 
d. diagnosticians apply it consistently. 
39
Reliability, as used in diagnosis, is the same as   a. agreement. b. validity....
 
a. agreement.
40
If a diagnosis helps clinicians make good predictions and informs them of the likely course...
 
b. construct validity.
41
Which of the following situations is most similar to the concept of reliability in making...
 
b. After watching a new T.V. show, you and a friend independently decide that it is lousy.
42
A line judge in a football game calls a player for holding.  The head linesman disagrees, but...
 
a. reliability.
43
A valid classification system is one that    a. has clear criteria for...
 
c. leads to accurate predictions and statements.
44
Just before he died, several physicians were treating Joe for a stroke; an autopsy showed...
 
a. neither reliability nor validity.
45
Construct validity of a diagnosis refers to   a. diagnoses that arise due to...
 
c. an inference regarding a diagnosis on the basis of a set of observed symptoms.
46
Unlike most conversations with a friend, a clinical interviewer would focus on   a....
 
b. how the person responds.
47
In clinical interviews, most clinicians pay particular attention to   a. manner...
 

a. manner of responding.
48
N/A
 
N/A
49
Which of the following is true regarding interviewing the clinical interview?   a....
 
a. It enables one to obtain vast amounts of information.
50
Which of the following guides a clinical interview?   a. time of day b. location...
 
c. paradigm used by interviewer
51
Which of the following is a structured interview?   a. SRRS b. SCID c....
 
b. SCID
52
Which of the following is not a measure of psychological stress?   a. Social...
 

a. Social Readjustment Rating Scale
53
Why has the Social Readjustment Scale been criticized?   a. It is a self-report...
 
b. It contains items that are both outcomes and antecedents of stress.
54
Ava creates a scale that assesses stress during the first year of college. She plans to...
 
b. She will be collecting retrospective reports which are subject to considerable distortion.
55
The ADE was most helpful in addressing which of the following issues?   a....
 

a. retrospective reports
56
An advantage of the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS) over other life stress...
 
c. it allows for the evaluation of life events in the context of a person’s unique life circumstances.
57
The Bedford College Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS) was designed to measure...
 
b. in the context of the individual’s circumstances.
58
The LEDS has led researchers to conclude that   a. life events are robust predictors...
 
a. life events are robust predictors of several psychological and medical symptoms.
59
You have developed a new personality inventory that will be used to match roommates in...
 
d. standardization. 
60
These types of tests have not traditionally been standardized.   a. intelligence...
 
c. projective Personality Tests
61
You decide that you wish to use the MMPI to form a scale within the instrument to distinguish...
 
b. identify items that distinguish pro wrestlers from non-wrestlers.
62
The MMPI is an example of a (n)   a. projective test. b. personality inventory. c....
 
b. personality inventory.
63
One reason for revising the MMPI was to   a. make scoring easier and more reliable. b....
 
c. eliminate objectionable wording.
64
Which of the following was not a change made in the revised version of the MMPI?   a....
 
b. Alter the format for answering questions.
65
Which of the following is a limitation of computer generated scoring of the MMPI?   a....
 
a. Competency of the professionals interpreting the score report.
66
The MMPI detects individuals attempting to fake the test by   a. including...
 

a. including special scales to detect lying.
67
Compared to the original MMPI, the MMPI-2   a. is almost identical except for...
 
b. has a much larger and more diverse standardization sample.
68
Which of the following is an example of an item that might be included in the MMPI lie...
 
c. "I have never used a foul word."
69
How does the MMPI attempt to determine if a particular person is responding to the test...
 
c. By including special validity scales to detect response biases.
70
The projective hypothesis assumes   a. responses to highly structured tasks...
 
d. responses to ambiguous stimuli are influenced by unconscious factors. 
71
The projective hypothesis is derived from which paradigm?   a. neuroscience b....
 
c. psychoanalytic
72
Dr. Gallagher was interpreting the results of a Rorschach test, and reported that the...
 
a. the projective hypothesis.
73
73. The stimulus materials in the Thematic Apperception Test are ambiguous   a....
 

a. to increase the likelihood that the individual is not giving responses that...
74
The Rorschach Inkblot Test is an example of a(n)   a. intelligence test. b....
 
d. projective test. 
75
In an effort to make the Rorschach more objective, researchers have focused   a....
 
a. more on how respondents identify form over symbolic content.
76
Under what circumstances are respondents more likely to report engaging in illegal behaviors?...
 
b. When the exam is computer administered.
77
You are being tested, and the examiner is showing you pictures and you are asked to tell...
 
c. the Thematic Apperception Test.
78
Brian is taking a test inquiring about high-risk sex behaviors.  Under which circumstance...
 
c. when the test is computer-administered.
79
Intelligence tests were originally developed for the purpose of   a. determining...
 
b. predicting which children have special academic needs.
80
Intelligence tests were originally designed to measure   a. brain dysfunction. b....
 
d. academic potential.
81
The construct validity of intelligence tests is limited by   a. how psychologists...
 

a. how psychologists define intelligence.
82
Two children are administered the same IQ test.  Assuming all factors to be equal...
 
a. stereotype threat
83
Average intelligence is associated with a score of approximately   a. 130....
 
c. 100.
84
A group of 8th grade boys and a group of 8th grade girls are administered the same math...
 

a. stereotype threat.
85
Awareness of stereotypes tends to develop   a. in infancy. b. between ages...
 
b. between ages 6-10.
86
Before taking an IQ test, one group of African American students (Group A) is told that...
 
c,. stereotype threat.
87
Compared to traditional personality assessment, behavioral assessment   a....
 
c. focuses on situational determinants rather than traits.
88
Why do behavioral assessors sometimes set up contrived situations in which to observe...
 
d. It is often difficult to control the conditions in natural settings. 
89
What behavioral assessment procedure creates the most reactivity?   a. self-monitoring...
 

a. self-monitoring
90
Joe’s therapist has him keep a log of everything he eats as part of a weight loss program. ...
 

a. self-monitoring.
91
Miranda is trying to quit smoking.  As part of her behavioral assessment, she is asked...
 
a. ecological momentary assessment.
92
Cognitive assessment measures are usually used to   a. identify psychopathology. b....
 
c. test theories about how people think.
93
Xavier is recording his thoughts each time he feels depressed.  This is also referred...
 
c. cognitive
94
Which of the following is an advantage of the Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations...
 
c. The subject's thoughts about specific situations can be taped  in an immediate...
95
An example of a self-report cognitive assessment consistent with Beck’s theory of depression...
 
b. Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale.
96
Which is most similar to an X-ray?   a. MRI b. EEG c. CT scan d....
 
c. CT scan
97
PET and MRI are specific types of   a. projective tests. b. personality...
 
d. neurological tests. 
98
Functional MRI (fMRI) differs from ordinary MRI in that   a. fMRI records metabolic...
 
a. fMRI records metabolic changes in the brain.
99
PET is to CT scan as   a. structure is to function. b. function is to structure. c....
 
b. function is to structure.
100
As part of a biological assessment, Emma is asked to provide a urine analysis, which is...
 
b. neurotransmitter assessment.
101
A common method assessing neurotransmitters is   a. analyzing metabolites. b....
 

a. analyzing metabolites.
102
One of the problems with measuring metabolites from blood or urine is that   a....
 
b. this type of measuring does not reflect levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.
103
One of the major problems with drawing conclusions from metabolite studies is that   a....
 
c. they are correlational.
104
Which of the following is a common way of studying neurotransmitters in the brain?   a....
 
b. Measure metabolic byproducts in the urine.
105
To compensate for the correlational problem of metabolite studies, Paul should consider...
 
b. administers drugs that increase or decrease the brain levels of neurotransmitters.
106
Current results from brain imaging studies   a. are useful in diagnosing psychopathology. b....
 
d. are not strong enough for these methods to be used in diagnosing psychopathology.
107
Which kind of assessment is illustrated here? Dr. Lee assesses the possibility that Joe...
 
d. neuropsychological assessment 
108
Which of the following are designed to measure behavioral disturbances resulting from...
 
c. neuropsychological tests
109
Which of the following specializes in medical diseases that affect the nervous system?   a. neuropsychologist b....
 
b. neurologist
110
Amelia went to see a specialist who specifically studies how dysfunctions of the brain...
 
c. neuropsychologist.
111
The Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska are specific types of   a. personality...
 
c. neuropsychological assessments.
112
Two people the same age, Sarah and Carrie, were administered the Luria-Nebraska neuropsychological...
 
c. should not differ since education level is controlled for.
113
Why should we not expect a one-to-one relationship between psychological and physical...
 
d. Individuals differ in how well they cope with brain dysfunctions. 
114
Psychophysiology is the study of   a. somatic treatments for psychological...
 
c. bodily changes associated with psychological events.
115
Heart rate and skin conductance is preferable as psychophysiological measures as they...
 
a. do not interfere with other things the person is doing.
116
A problem with some psychophysiological assessments is   a. clients are unwilling...
 
b. the measures do not clearly differentiate between emotional states.
117
Cultural bias is problematic in assessment in that   a. most psychological...
 
b. a lack of awareness of cultural factors can create difficulties in reaching conclusions...
118
In reviewing cultural and ethnic diversity issues in assessment, the text concludes that   a....
 
d. psychology has identified the issue but not the solution.
119
Jose, a Puerto Rican living in New York, was being assessed by Dr. Jones, an American...
 

a. misdiagnose him as schizophrenic if he fails to take cultural factors into account.
120
If a clinician is informed that a prospective client, who is seeing things that are not...
 
b. suggest a diagnosis of schizophrenia.
121
If a Hispanic client is being examined by an assessor from a different cultural background,...
 
d. schedule additional sessions to ensure adequate rapport.
122
The best way for clinicians to avoid bias in the diagnosis of patients from ethnic minority...
 
d. learn to consider and test alternative hypotheses when evaluating clients from different...


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