PYSCH CHAPTER 3

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chapter 3


 
  
Created Feb 16, 2012
by
samkeselman

 

 
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1

Diagnostic systems allow clinicians and scientists to

 

 
b. communicate accurately with one another about cases and research.
2

Jim was given an intelligence test in March and re-administered the...

 

a. high test-retest reliability.
3

Generally it is impossible for measures to be

 

 
b. valid but not reliable.
4

 Britney was taking a test to measure levels of depression. ...

 
b. high content validity.
5
N/A
 
N/A
6

In 1994, the DSM-IV was published by the

 

 
d. American Psychiatric Association. 
7

In 2000, the DSM-IV-TR was published

 

 
a. to clarify issues surrounding prevalence rates, course, and etiology.
8

The letters in the abbreviation DSM refers to

 

 
b. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
9

n/A

 
N/A
10

Axes I and II are separated 

 
c. to distinguish longstanding disturbances from acute problems.
11

In DSM-IV-TR, long-standing diagnoses such as personality disorders...

 
b. only Axis II.
12

Axis V is included to

 

 
a. provide a current rating of functioning.
13

N/A

 
c. evaluate environmental and psychosocial problems.
14

Without Axis IV, which of the following would not be included in...

 
d. homelessness 
15

Jose has major depression and has multiple sclerosis.  He would...

 
a. Axis I: major depression and Axis III: multiple sclerosis.
16

Sheila was recently robbed and subsequently developed an acute stress...

 
d. Axis I: Acute Stress Disorder; Axis III: blindness; Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental...
17

Axis V of the DSM-IV-TR considers all but which of the following?...

 
d. psychosocial problems experienced
18

The multiaxial approach in DSM-IV-TR encourages clinicians to make...

 
c. considering a wide range of information.
19

Major improvements since the DSM-III include all of the following...

 
c. decrease in diagnostic categories.
20

Which of the following diagnostic categories were at one time included...

 
a. homosexuality
21

Previous editions of the DSM were criticized for their

 

 
b. lack of attention to cultural and ethnic variations in psychopathology.
22

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

 

 

a. Culture can have a large influence on which symptoms of a given disorder are expressed.
23

Culture bound syndromes

 

 
b. are listed in the appendix of the DSM.
24

A dissociative episode found primarily among men that involves brooding...

 
c. amok.
25

In the DSM-IV, anxiety about the penis receding into the body is...

 
d. koro. 
26

Studies of psychopathology in other cultures suggest that

 

a. people diagnosed with a culture-bound syndrome may also meet DSM criteria for a specific...
27

The DSM-IV-TR includes approximately _____ different diagnostic categories.

 

a. 300
28

Some critics of the DSM-IV-TR believe that

 

 
b. the DSM-IV-TR has pathologized too many problems without good justification.
29

Comorbidity refers to

 

 
c. the presence of a second diagnosis.
30

The DSM-IV-TR is an example of which approach to classification?...

 

a. categorical
31

Which of the following is a dimensional classification system?

 
d. grade point average
32

Dr. Kline classified her patients according to hair color. Some were...

 
c. categorical classification.
33

You are relying on a dimensional classification scheme and work with...

 
d. severity 
34

The fact that SSRI’s often relieve symptoms of anxiety as well...

 
b. anxiety and depression should be part of the same diagnostic category.
35

What is one reason categorical systems are popular?

 

 
b. They define a certain threshold for treatment.
36

Caleb went to see two different psychologists about his depressive...

 
a. interrater reliability.
37
n/a
 
n/a
38

In order to study the reliability of a diagnostic category, we would...

 
d. diagnosticians apply it consistently. 
39

Reliability, as used in diagnosis, is the same as

 

 
a. agreement.
40

If a diagnosis helps clinicians make good predictions and informs...

 
b. construct validity.
41

Which of the following situations is most similar to the concept...

 
b. After watching a new T.V. show, you and a friend independently decide that it is lousy.
42

A line judge in a football game calls a player for holding. ...

 
a. reliability.
43

A valid classification system is one that 

 

 
c. leads to accurate predictions and statements.
44

Just before he died, several physicians were treating Joe for a stroke;...

 
a. neither reliability nor validity.
45

Construct validity of a diagnosis refers to

 

 
c. an inference regarding a diagnosis on the basis of a set of observed symptoms.
46

Unlike most conversations with a friend, a clinical interviewer would...

 
b. how the person responds.
47

In clinical interviews, most clinicians pay particular attention...

 

a. manner of responding.
48

N/A

 
N/A
49

Which of the following is true regarding interviewing the clinical...

 
a. It enables one to obtain vast amounts of information.
50
Which of the following guides a clinical interview?

 

 
c. paradigm used by interviewer
51

Which of the following is a structured interview?

 

 
b. SCID
52

Which of the following is not a measure of psychological stress?

 

a. Social Readjustment Rating Scale
53

Why has the Social Readjustment Scale been criticized?

 

 
b. It contains items that are both outcomes and antecedents of stress.
54

Ava creates a scale that assesses stress during the first year of...

 
b. She will be collecting retrospective reports which are subject to considerable distortion.
55

The ADE was most helpful in addressing which of the following issues?

 

a. retrospective reports
56

An advantage of the Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS)...

 
c. it allows for the evaluation of life events in the context of a person’s unique life circumstances.
57

The Bedford College Life Events and Difficulties Schedule (LEDS)...

 
b. in the context of the individual’s circumstances.
58

The LEDS has led researchers to conclude that

 

 
a. life events are robust predictors of several psychological and medical symptoms.
59

You have developed a new personality inventory that will be used...

 
d. standardization. 
60

These types of tests have not traditionally been standardized.

 
c. projective Personality Tests
61

You decide that you wish to use the MMPI to form a scale within the...

 
b. identify items that distinguish pro wrestlers from non-wrestlers.
62

The MMPI is an example of a (n)

 

 
b. personality inventory.
63

One reason for revising the MMPI was to

 

 
c. eliminate objectionable wording.
64

Which of the following was not a change made in the revised version...

 
b. Alter the format for answering questions.
65

Which of the following is a limitation of computer generated scoring...

 
a. Competency of the professionals interpreting the score report.
66

The MMPI detects individuals attempting to fake the test by

 

a. including special scales to detect lying.
67

Compared to the original MMPI, the MMPI-2

 

 
b. has a much larger and more diverse standardization sample.
68

Which of the following is an example of an item that might be included...

 
c. "I have never used a foul word."
69

How does the MMPI attempt to determine if a particular person is...

 
c. By including special validity scales to detect response biases.
70

The projective hypothesis assumes

 

 
d. responses to ambiguous stimuli are influenced by unconscious factors. 
71

The projective hypothesis is derived from which paradigm?

 
c. psychoanalytic
72

Dr. Gallagher was interpreting the results of a Rorschach test, and...

 
a. the projective hypothesis.
73

73. The stimulus materials in the Thematic Apperception Test are...

 

a. to increase the likelihood that the individual is not giving responses that...
74

The Rorschach Inkblot Test is an example of a(n)

 

 
d. projective test. 
75

In an effort to make the Rorschach more objective, researchers have...

 
a. more on how respondents identify form over symbolic content.
76

Under what circumstances are respondents more likely to report engaging...

 
b. When the exam is computer administered.
77

You are being tested, and the examiner is showing you pictures and...

 
c. the Thematic Apperception Test.
78

Brian is taking a test inquiring about high-risk sex behaviors. ...

 
c. when the test is computer-administered.
79

Intelligence tests were originally developed for the purpose of

 
b. predicting which children have special academic needs.
80

Intelligence tests were originally designed to measure

 

 
d. academic potential.
81

The construct validity of intelligence tests is limited by

 

a. how psychologists define intelligence.
82

Two children are administered the same IQ test.  Assuming all...

 
a. stereotype threat
83

Average intelligence is associated with a score of approximately...

 
c. 100.
84

A group of 8th grade boys and a group of 8th grade girls are administered...

 

a. stereotype threat.
85

Awareness of stereotypes tends to develop

 

 
b. between ages 6-10.
86

Before taking an IQ test, one group of African American students...

 
c,. stereotype threat.
87

Compared to traditional personality assessment, behavioral assessment...

 
c. focuses on situational determinants rather than traits.
88

Why do behavioral assessors sometimes set up contrived situations...

 
d. It is often difficult to control the conditions in natural settings. 
89

What behavioral assessment procedure creates the most reactivity?...

 

a. self-monitoring
90

Joe’s therapist has him keep a log of everything he eats as part...

 

a. self-monitoring.
91

Miranda is trying to quit smoking.  As part of her behavioral...

 
a. ecological momentary assessment.
92

Cognitive assessment measures are usually used to

 

 
c. test theories about how people think.
93

Xavier is recording his thoughts each time he feels depressed. ...

 
c. cognitive
94

Which of the following is an advantage of the Articulated Thoughts...

 
c. The subject's thoughts about specific situations can be taped  in an immediate...
95

An example of a self-report cognitive assessment consistent with...

 
b. Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale.
96

Which is most similar to an X-ray?

 

 
c. CT scan
97

PET and MRI are specific types of

 

 
d. neurological tests. 
98

Functional MRI (fMRI) differs from ordinary MRI in that

 
a. fMRI records metabolic changes in the brain.
99

PET is to CT scan as

 

 
b. function is to structure.
100

As part of a biological assessment, Emma is asked to provide a urine...

 
b. neurotransmitter assessment.
101

A common method assessing neurotransmitters is

 

 

a. analyzing metabolites.
102

One of the problems with measuring metabolites from blood or urine...

 
b. this type of measuring does not reflect levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.
103

One of the major problems with drawing conclusions from metabolite...

 
c. they are correlational.
104

Which of the following is a common way of studying neurotransmitters...

 
b. Measure metabolic byproducts in the urine.
105

To compensate for the correlational problem of metabolite studies,...

 
b. administers drugs that increase or decrease the brain levels of neurotransmitters.
106

Current results from brain imaging studies

 

 
d. are not strong enough for these methods to be used in diagnosing psychopathology.
107

Which kind of assessment is illustrated here? Dr. Lee assesses the...

 
d. neuropsychological assessment 
108

Which of the following are designed to measure behavioral disturbances...

 
c. neuropsychological tests
109

Which of the following specializes in medical diseases that affect...

 
b. neurologist
110

Amelia went to see a specialist who specifically studies how dysfunctions...

 
c. neuropsychologist.
111

The Halstead-Reitan and Luria-Nebraska are specific types of

 
c. neuropsychological assessments.
112

Two people the same age, Sarah and Carrie, were administered the...

 
c. should not differ since education level is controlled for.
113

Why should we not expect a one-to-one relationship between psychological...

 
d. Individuals differ in how well they cope with brain dysfunctions. 
114

Psychophysiology is the study of

 

 
c. bodily changes associated with psychological events.
115

Heart rate and skin conductance is preferable as psychophysiological...

 
a. do not interfere with other things the person is doing.
116

A problem with some psychophysiological assessments is

 
b. the measures do not clearly differentiate between emotional states.
117

Cultural bias is problematic in assessment in that

 

 
b. a lack of awareness of cultural factors can create difficulties in reaching conclusions...
118

In reviewing cultural and ethnic diversity issues in assessment,...

 
d. psychology has identified the issue but not the solution.
119

Jose, a Puerto Rican living in New York, was being assessed by Dr....

 

a. misdiagnose him as schizophrenic if he fails to take cultural factors into account.
120

If a clinician is informed that a prospective client, who is seeing...

 
b. suggest a diagnosis of schizophrenia.
121
If a Hispanic client is being examined by an assessor from a different cultural background,...
 
d. schedule additional sessions to ensure adequate rapport.
122

The best way for clinicians to avoid bias in the diagnosis of patients...

 
d. learn to consider and test alternative hypotheses when evaluating clients from different...

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