Chapter 3 Vocab Words

19 cards

Chapter 3 voc ab words


 
  
Created Nov 17, 2009
by
kerryoconnor

 

 
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1
all the frequencies or wavelenths of electromagnectic radiation
 
Electromagnetic spectrum
2
the lowest energy state of a quantized system
 
ground state
3
two electrons cannot occupy the same place at the same time
 
Pauli's exclusion
4
an atom's central region, which is made up of protons and neutrons
 
Nucleus
5
the sum of the numbers of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of the atom
 
Mass number
6
a region in an atom where there is a high probability of finding electrons
 
Orbital
7
the structure of each successive element is obtained by adding electrons to the lowest orbital...
 
Aufbau principle
8
a number that specifies the properties of electrons
 
Quantum number
9
a subatomic particle that has a positive charge and is found in the nucleus
 
proton
10
a subatomic particle that has no charge and that is found in the nucleus
 
Neutron
11
a state in which an atom has more energy than it does at its ground state
 
excited state
12
a chemical compound always contains the same elements in exactly the same proportions
 
Definite Proportions
13
two elements can combine to form two or more compounds
 
Multiple proportions
14
atoms of the same element that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons
 
isotope
15
the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom
 
atomic number
16
mass cannot be created or destroyed in ordinary chemical and physical changes
 
Conservation of Mass
17
the arrangement of electrons in an atom
 
electron configuration
18
a subatomic particle that has a negative electric charge
 
electron
19
the number of unpaired electrons is the maximum possible and unpaired electrons have the same...
 
Hund's Rule

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