Chapter 26: Romanticism in Classical Forms

46 cards

Chapter 26 from A history of western music


 
  
Created Mar 1, 2012
by
ezrasimon

 

 
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1
Besides home music making, what other sector of musical performance saw phenomenal growth...
 
public concerts
2
In addition to professional orchestras and virtuoso's, what other kinds of institutions...
 
Amateur Orchestras, Choral Societies and entrepreneurs
3
What type/ genre of art music also moved at this time from being " privately"  performed...
 
chamber music
4
Over what initial period did "classical" or regularly repeating repertoires begin to form,...
 
1780-1870; starting with oratorios of Handel and Haydn; Beethoven, Mozart and Haydn
5
The text points out that all of this came with and helped provide a new historical awareness,...
 
Romantic content and classic genres and forms
6
How did orchestras grow in the number of expected players over the nineteenth centuries?
 
40-90
7
When did the tuba join the brass section?
 
1830's
8
In what year did Louis Spohr introduce the concept of conducting with a baton?
 
1820
9
What kinds of music typically comprised a London Philharmonic program before 1850?
 
symphony, aria or choral composition, a concerto or chamber work, another vocal work and a...
10
What percentage of music programmed by the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra was from living composers...
 
1780: 85%1820:75%1870:25%
11
The new seriousness of the repertoire was matched by a new seriousness in___________.
 
concert behavior
12
The text states that the history of orchestral music in the nineteenth century can be seen...
 
Beethoven
13
For the mature Schubert and his fellow romantics, what was more important in music?
 
melodies
14
Who wrote the nineteenth century "bible" on orchestration?
 
Hector Berlioz
15
Because his music was too radical to win steady support, to what did Berlioz ( and Schumann)...
 
music criticism
16
What other career did Berlioz later undertake with much success?
 
orchestral conducting
17
Summarize the story/ program of Berlioz's symphony fantastique.
 
dwells on passions aroused by his thoughts and fantasies about a woman whom he hopes to win
18
What did Berlioz call the melody/theme he used in each movement to represent the obsessive...
 
idee fixe
19
What did Berlioz supply to his listeners ( besides the music itself) to help them understand...
 
An autobiographical program
20
How many movements comprise the Symphonie fantastique? What is the basic story for each movement?
 
5;
21
What famous gregorian chant does the piece also quote? In what movement is it heard? For what...
 
Dies Irae in 5th movement. Symbol of dead from Requiem
22
Which Beethoven symphonies similarly introduced a recurring theme and developing it across...
 
5, 6 and 9
23
List 3 novel orchestration techniques/ ideas used by Berlioz in Symphonie fantastique.
 
muted strings, oboe off stage, violins play with wood of the bow.
24
List and briefly explain Berlioz's three other symphonies, all of them programatic.
 
1. Harold en Halie: features viola2. Romeo et Juliette: dramatic symphony3. Grand symphonie: 
25
In what year did Berlioz publish his famous book on orchestration?
 
1843
26
What are the programmatic associations of Mendelssohn's symphonies No. 2-5?
 
Geographic locations
27
Mendelssohn's genius for musical landscapes is also evident in his____________.
 
ovetures
28
How old was Mendelssohn when he composed his overture of A Midsummer Night's Dream?
 
17
29
How many years passed before he added the additional incidental music for this play, including...
 
17 years
30
How many piano concertos and violin concertos did Mendelssohn compose?
 
4 piano concertos and 1 violin concerto
31
Compared to Berlioz, was Mendelssohn's music more or less classic?
 
more
32
How did Schumann's 4th symphony reflect his knowledge/ appreciation of Schubert's Wanderer...
 
4 movements played without pause
33
Why is Schubert's piano quintet called " The Trout Quintet"?
 
because the fourth movement presents variations on a theme from his song, "The Trout"
34
Did Schubert, Mendelsson, and Schumann also compose chamber music inspired by the models of...
 
yes; no
35
While the nineteenth century orchestra grew increasingly "professional", choir became, increasingly______________.
 
amateur
36
Why was choral music a particularly lucrative field for publishers?
 
each choir member needed their own part
37
Besides the love of music, what other believe about music encouraged the choral society movement?
 
democracy, social unity, ethical and spiritual values
38
Who conducted the revivals of Bach's great oratorio -style Passions and the B-Minor Mass and...
 
Mendelssohn; 1833-1834
39
How many performers had Bach written these works for, vocally and orchestrally?
 
8-12 singers and an orchestra of about 15
40
What are the titles of Mendelssohn's two oratorio's?
 
St. Paul and Elijah
41
What are Berlioz's two large/ orchestral works?
 
The Requiem and Te Deum
42
How big of an orchestra does the Berlioz Requiem require?
 
140 players
43
What was perhaps the favorite subject for the poetry of partsongs?
 
Nature
44
Did a permanent repertoire of such partsongs develop?
 
no
45
What was the original meaning of "a capella" and what new meaning did it achieve in the nineteenth...
 
"old/ contrapuntal style" now meant unaccompanied singing; yes
46
How did shape-note singing notation work?
 
shape of noteheads indicates solfeg syllables allowing for easy sightreading.

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