Chapter 25 Test US HISTORY

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Chapter 25 Test US HISTORY

Chapter 25 Test US HISTORY

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Porfirio Diaz
 
Mexican dictator that had Mexico in good economic development.
General Huerta
 
murdered Madero, showed brutality and was put into exile by Wilson.

Austria-Hungary
 
annexed Boznia and Herzegovin;
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
Serbia
 
a Balkan nation on Austria-Hungary’s border, called on Russia for aid but Russia did not help
Lusitania
 
British passenger liner which was sunk that held 1,200 passengers and 128 Americans by Germans
Cite two causes of World War I.
 
• Nationalism
• Imperialism
Describe two trends that made American neutrality difficult.
 
• Trade with Central Powers suffered therefore business suffered
• Immigrants from Europe were influenced highly from their roots such as Irish hate towards Britain because of former domination.
Evaluating Tactics Can German U-boat attacks on the Lusitania and Sussex be justified? Explain your position.
 
The U-boat attacks cannot be justified because the submarine warfare was unfair with the attacking of passenger ships that were unarmed.
Armistice
 
temporary stop of fighting
John Pershing
 
US General, African Americans won praise from him
Zimmerman Note
 
tried making an alliance with Mexico depending on if the US entered the war. Promised that Mexico would regain Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico
Selective Service Act
 
requiring all men between the ages of 21 to 30 to register for military
Summarize the events that brought the United States into the war.
 
• Zimmerman Note
• 2 Acts of sabotage
• Lusitania
• America leant money to Europe
Assessing Outcomes Would Germany have won if the United States had not entered the war? Explain your position.
 
Germany would have most likely won because of their last desperate attack where they advanced towards Britain and Paris but the US were the ones that helped stop the advance
Bernard Baruch
 
Wall Street stockbroker that attempted “to operate the whole United States as a single factory dominated by one management.”
George Creel
 
journalist and author George Creel who was established to “sell” the war to America
Espionage and Sedition Acts
 
To prevent spying and resistance to the war effort. In order to silence war opposition
Fourteen Points
 
points presented before Congress stating his goals for lasting peace,
• To eliminate the general causes of war through freedom of the seas
• Open Diplomacy instead of secret agreements
• Right of peoples to live under a government of their own choosing
Describe three ways that Americans at home supported the war efforts.
 
• The factories would be converted into war production
• Food consumption was reduced among families where they were encouraged to “serve just enough”
• People made victory gardens for raising their own vegetables
- People bought war bonds to supply the war
Was government action to suppress opposition to the war justified? Formulate your own opinion and use facts to defend it.
 
It was justified because if opposition got out of hand within the nation then the war effort would be jeopardized but it became a bit extreme with the imprisonment of those even criticizing the Red Cross.
List the provisions of the Versailles treaty.
 
• Ottoman Empire lost territory
• Austria-Hungary was split up
• Germany lost territory, was stripped of its colonies, and was required to pay for damage it had done of Europe and to repay the Allies for the war
Describe the economic problems of the United States after the war.
 
• Government spending during the war brought inflation that nearly doubled the cost of living and many consumers could not afford items
• Agricultural prices plummeted and many farmers were facing bankruptcy.
• 3,600 labor strikes occurred causing economic chaos
Explain why “peace without victory” was so difficult to achieve at Versailles.
 
???
Discuss Wilson’s foreign policy views and how they related to his actions in Latin America.
 
• His foreign policy views were for overall peace and “sheer honesty and even unselfishness should prevail over nationalistic self-seeking in American foreign policy
• Attempted to put Huerta in exile and had a battle with Pancho Villa attempting to help Mexico grow
State how nationalism and alliances created the conditions that led to World War I.
 
• Nationalism among Europe created tension and rivalries arose because of the different nations being attempted to form
• These rivalries caused tension and alliances were made with people from different nations forming new independent nations
• The instability and the complex rivalries led to an arms race as each country sought to defend itself
Identify four reasons the United States declared war on Germany.
 
• Zimmerman Note
• 2 Acts of sabotage
• Lusitania
• America leant money to Europe
Cite changes in economic and political policies that were imposed in the United States during World War I.
 
• Factories were converted into war production areas
• Espionage and Sedition acts took place in order to silence war oppression
• Civilians bound together to support the war effort by “serving just enough” to reduce food consumption
List two actions taken by the American military that helped win the war.
 
• US helped stopped the last desperate effort made by the Germans to protect Britain and Paris
• American naval forces joined the British in suppressing all German U-boat attacks by using the new depth charge
Describe the terms of Versailles Treaty.
 
• Ottoman Empire lost territory
• Austria-Hungary was split up
• Germany lost territory, was stripped of its colonies, and was required to pay for damage it had done of Europe and to repay the Allies for the war
Explain why Wilson was frustrated with Congress after the war.
 
• Wilson was frustrated with Congress because his League of Nations was branded as a “treacherous and treasonable scheme”
• Wilson had conflict with Senate in ratifying his treaty without compromising the terms of the treaty
Summarize the social difficulties confronting the United Sates after the war.
 
• Economic difficulties arose such as government spending during the war brought inflation that nearly doubled the cost of living and many consumers could not afford items
• A “Red Scare” scared occurred because US was afraid that the labor unrest would cause a revolution and some Russians were deported
• Racial tension arose as white soldiers returning from Europe found themselves competing for jobs with African Americans
Identify the two types of nationalism that existed in Europe and explain why each was a factor in causing World War I.
 
Nationalism encouraged aggressive growth and expansion, imperialism.
Ethnic roots were being formed and rivalries arose thus creating tension among European nations.
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