Side ASide B
In 1859, graffiti reading "VERDI,"
which appeared on the walls of Italian cities. represented
a cryptic call for Italian unification under the
The revolutions of 1848 led to all of the
following developments except
A) the fall of the Second Empire.
The closing of cafes
where politics might be discussed was an example of
A) Napoleon III's willingness to wantonly and ruthlessly
. Napoleon III offered the Austrian emperor Francis Joseph's
A) control of Mexico and ultimately all of Central...
The Crimean Nkar began as a war between
Russia and the Ottoman
The Crimean War
(1853-1856) accomplished Napoleon III's
In the Crimean War of 1853-1856, Britain and France fought
defend the Ottoman Empire from...
became famous in the mid-nineteenth century as
Alexander 11's Great
Reforms inspired unrest and ethnic nationalism in the Russian Empire;...
Although Tsar Alexander
II freed the serfs, a free, mobile labor force was stymied...
the fact that former serfs remained...
In exchange for French help in driving Austria out of Italy, Cavour
Savoy and the city of Nice.
in 1861 was led by the kingdom
industry, a good economy,...
What enraged Cavour
following the rout of the Austrians by Italian and French forces?
signed a treaty with...
William I appointed Otto von Bismarck chancellor in 1862
in the hopes that he would
put down the
growing power of...
By urging Austria
to join Prussia in a war to
save the provinces of Schleswig and...
alliance with Russia,
Bismarck sought to convince William I and the Junkers that a more powerful Germany
speeches and majority decisions ... but...
The constitution of the
newly united German state provided for a legislative assembly,...
"ordinary" Germans would be more
Which of the following was not a reform
granted by Emperor Francis Joseph in Austria-Hungary?
military service ended...
defeat in the Austro-Prussian War, Francis Joseph reluctantly...
In Victorian Britain, a law was passed by
Parliament that enabled women to
or keep wages they...
phenomenon referred to as "Victorianism" was unique in that
a British monarch had...
In 1848, the United States
added which of the following to its territory
Many southern states of the young United States seceded to form the Confederate
The British made Canada a united, self-governing
dominion in 1867, in part to
demand by the United...
Joseph Lister applied Louis Pasteur's germ
he developed antiseptics.
who designed urban changes for Paris,
pipe clean water...
Demands for educational reform from the
mid-century developed primarily out of the...
Laws requiring education for children were
difficult to enforce because
many poorer parents needed their children's help
East Indian troops of the British army launched
the Indian Rebellion in 1857 because they...
British insistence that the soldiers use cartridges...
The Government of India Act of 1858
transferred Indian government from the East India...
The Suez Canal,
opened in 1869, connected the
A) Red Sea with the Mediterranean Sea.
The bloody war that raged in China
until 1864 pitted the French- and British-supported...
Taiping and their supporters.
Mikhail Bakunin argued that the centralized
political state was the root of social injustice...
The commune in Paris in 1871 was promoted as a social
liberation of all workers,...
Realism in the arts
and fervent religious...
Gustave Flaubert's novel Madame Bovary (1857),
tdouard Manet's painting Olympia
Pope Pius IX and his The Syllabus of Errors (1864)
put the Catholic church at odds...
liberalism, and modern...
European secularism after the
mid-nineteenth century often led to a counterreaction...
the founding of Creationist Societies...
Many Europeans thought that they could solve all
social problems by a scientific analysis...
The English social
theorist Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) argued that
A) the unfit should be allowed to perish so as not to block...