Chapter 18: Integumentary System

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Chapter 18, Integumentary System Disease And Disorder Key Terms

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common mechanical trauma caused by scraping away the skin surface
 
Abrasion
Greek, meaning fox manage, which causes hair loss
 
Alopecia
occurs when a portion of shin or appendage is pulled or torn away
 
Avulsion
trauma caused by an object with a flat, dull, or not sharp area
 
Blunt trauma
plugged skin pore; the open form is a blackhead; the closed form is a whitehead
 
Comedones
accumulation of blood from injured or disrupted blood vessels in the tissue
 
Contusion
skin redness
 
Erythema
flaring up
 
Exacerbation
freezing of tissue, usually on the face, fingers, toes, and ears, and might or might not occur with hypothermia
 
Frostbite
Latin meaning shaggy
 
Hirsutism
when the body’s core temperature falls below 95 degrees
 
Hypothermia
laceration with smooth, even edges
 
Incision
epidermal cells in a tight web (make up nails)
 
Keratin
cut in the skin caused by a sharp object
 
Laceration
any discontinuity or abnormality of tissue
 
Lesion
infection of the skin around the nail
 
Paronychia
particular type of sebaceous cyst found in the midline of the sacral area
 
Pilonidal cyst
itching
 
Pruritis
small pus filled lesions
 
Pustules
oil produced by sebaceous glands
 
Sebum
crater-like lesion in the skin or mucous membranes
 
Ulcer
blister-like eruptions on the skin
 
Vesicles
slightly elevated lesions that are redder or paler than the surrounding skin and are associated with severe itching
 
Wheals
dry skin
 
Xerosis