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Many Europeans had an interest in the universe merely because it was believed to be this
medieval theologians who preferred logic
alchemy & hermetic magic
turning metals and minerals into gold & mysterious magic
the view of the universe through Ptolemy, thought to be very logical
4th century Greek philosopher, contributed to Ptolemaic Universe theory
Ancient intellectul's beliefs that the earth was the center of the universe and that there...
man who jumpstarted the Scientific Revolution with his new concept of a heliocentric universe
On The Revolution Of The Heavenly Spheres
written work by Copernicus published after his death due to heretic content
sun-centered universe theory proposed by Copernicus
made 20 years of observations that backed up Copernicus' heliocentric theory
Brahe's assistant, discovered elliptical paths & wrote the Laws Of Planetary Motion
Three Laws Of Planetary Motion
written by Kepler to describe the paths of planets and what effects them
invented the telescope, discovered inertia, and helped prove the heliocentric theory indirectly...
Galileo's The Starry Messanger
written by Galileo about his discoveries of sunspots, stars, Jupiter's moons, and the surface...
where Galileo was sent to stand before the church after endorsing ideas that went along with...
Issac Newton's Principia
written by Issac Newton put together all previous work
Universal Law of Gravitation
Newton discoved the properties of gravity and called it the ________
2nd century Greek physician
four bodily humors
blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile (old doctor belief)
Father of modern medicine, realizes small doses of illness can cure itself
had most accurate understanding of the human body due to his autopsies
Andreas Vesalius' On The Fabric Of The Human Body
accounts and observations Andreas Vesalius made during his autopsies
"I Think Therefore I am"
said by Rene Descartes, cogito ergo sum
identifies importance of heart and circulatory system
William Harvey's On The Motion of The Heart and Blood
written by William Harvey when he realized the heart was the #1 organ
wrote numerous scientific works, was an English astronomer
Maria Sibylla Merian
she observed insects and plants and the process of metamorphisis, was a great illustrator
female German astronomer, good assistant, wasn't accepted anywhere because she was a woman,...
querelles des femes
an ongoing, centuries-long debate about the nature and value of women
knowledge is derived from experience alone
seperation of mind and matter
beleif that God created the universe but left it alone (Rene Descartes)
Rene Descartes' Discourse On Method
written work outlining Descartes' new system of deductive reasoning
Deductive Reasoning Method
made by Rene Descartes, it is thinking of something and then making conclusions "I think...
formed by Isaac Newton when he put together some of the ideas of both Bacon and Descartes (still...
Inductive Reasoning Method
formed by Francis Bacon, an Englishman, went from particular information to the general
Benedict de Spinoza's pantheism
believed that God couldn't be seperated from the universe because he was the universe,...
Blaise Pascal's Pensees
tried to convert rationalists to Christianity and fought to keep religion and science united
English Royal Society
evolved out of informal gatherings of scientists in London & Oxford
French Royal Academy of Sciences
society for scientists that received abundant state support, eventually under government control
Journal des Savants
French journal that printed results of experiments and other general scientific knowledge
circulated news in England of scientific and academic activities