Unit 4 Identifications: The Scientific Revolution

42 cards


 
  
Created Nov 18, 2012
by
15alstreckenbach

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
God's Handiwork
 
Many Europeans had an interest in the universe merely because it was believed to be this
2
natural philosophers
 
medieval theologians who preferred logic
3
alchemy & hermetic magic
 
turning metals and minerals into gold & mysterious magic
4
Ptolemaic Universe
 
the view of the universe through Ptolemy, thought to be very logical
5
Aristotle
 
4th century Greek philosopher, contributed to Ptolemaic Universe theory
6
geocentric universe
 
Ancient intellectul's beliefs that the earth was the center of the universe and that there...
7
Nicolaus Copernicus
 
man who jumpstarted the Scientific Revolution with his new concept of a heliocentric universe
8
On The Revolution Of The Heavenly Spheres
 
written work by Copernicus published after his death due to heretic content
9
heliocentric universe
 
sun-centered universe theory proposed by Copernicus
10
Tycho Brahe
 
made 20 years of observations that backed up Copernicus' heliocentric theory
11
Johannes Kepler
 
Brahe's assistant, discovered elliptical paths & wrote the Laws Of Planetary Motion
12
Three Laws Of Planetary Motion
 
written by Kepler to describe the paths of planets and what effects them
13
Galileo Galilei
 
invented the telescope, discovered inertia, and helped prove the heliocentric theory indirectly...
14
Galileo's The Starry Messanger
 
written by Galileo about his discoveries of sunspots, stars, Jupiter's moons, and the surface...
15
the Inquisition
 
where Galileo was sent to stand before the church after endorsing ideas that went along with...
16
Issac Newton's Principia
 
written by Issac Newton put together all previous work
17
Universal Law of Gravitation
 
Newton discoved the properties of gravity and called it the ________
18
Galen 
 
2nd century Greek physician
19
four bodily humors
 
blood, phlegm, black bile, yellow bile (old doctor belief)
20
Paracelsus
 
Father of modern medicine, realizes small doses of illness can cure itself
21
Andreas Vesalius
 
had most accurate understanding of the human body due to his autopsies
22
Andreas Vesalius' On The Fabric Of The Human Body
 
accounts and observations Andreas Vesalius made during his autopsies
23
"I Think Therefore I am"
 
said by Rene Descartes, cogito ergo sum
24
William Harvey 
 
identifies importance of heart and circulatory system
25
William Harvey's On The Motion of The Heart and Blood
 
written by William Harvey when he realized the heart was the #1 organ
26
Margaret Cavendish 
 
wrote numerous scientific works, was an English astronomer 
27
Maria Sibylla Merian 
 
she observed insects and plants and the process of metamorphisis, was a great illustrator
28
Maria Winkelmann 
 
female German astronomer, good assistant, wasn't accepted anywhere because she was a woman,...
29
querelles des femes
 
an ongoing, centuries-long debate about the nature and value of women
30
empiricism 
 
knowledge is derived from experience alone 
31
cartesian dualism
 
seperation of mind and matter
32
deism
 
beleif that God created the universe but left it alone (Rene Descartes)
33
Rene Descartes' Discourse On Method
 
written work outlining Descartes' new system of deductive reasoning
34
Deductive Reasoning Method
 
made by Rene Descartes, it is thinking of something and then making conclusions "I think...
35
Scientific Method
 
formed by Isaac Newton when he put together some of the ideas of both Bacon and Descartes (still...
36
Inductive Reasoning Method
 
formed by Francis Bacon, an Englishman, went from particular information to the general
37
Benedict de Spinoza's pantheism
 
believed that God couldn't be seperated from the universe because he was the universe,...
38
Blaise Pascal's Pensees
 
tried to convert rationalists to Christianity and fought to keep religion and science united
39
English Royal Society
 
evolved out of informal gatherings of scientists in London & Oxford
40
French Royal Academy of Sciences
 
society for scientists that received abundant state support, eventually under government control
41
Journal des Savants
 
French journal that printed results of experiments and other general scientific knowledge
42
Philosophical Transactions
 
circulated news in England of scientific and academic activities


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel