Chapter 14- Therapy

Final Exam-psych
Created Dec 2, 2010
by zmaclellan14
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psychotherapy
techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
insight therapies
the name for the group that therapies are often put together, that seek to increase insight...
psychoanalysis
Freudian therapy designed to bring unconscious conflicts, which usually date back to early...
catharsis
Freud explained that becoming aware of previously hidden conflicts permits a release of tension...
free association
According to Freud, when you let your mind wander and remove conscious censorship over thoughts-...
manifest content
according to Freudian dream theory, a therapist might interpret a dream of riding a horse or...
latent content
look at manifest content
resistance
during free association or dream analysis, Freud found that patients often show resistance-for...
transference
page 377
interpretation
the core of call psychoanalytic therapy is interpretation. During free association, dream analysis,...
psychodynamic therapy
a briefer, more directive contemporary form of psychoanalysis, which emphasizes conscious processes...
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
is an influential, brief form of psychodynamic therapy. As the name implies, interpersonal...
cognitive therapy
therapy that focuses on changing faulty thought processes and beliefs to treat problem behaviors.
self-talk
the unrealistic things a person tells himself or herself
cognitive restructuring
through this process, insight allows clients to challenge their thoughts, change how they interpret...
rational-emotive therapy
Developed by Albert Ellis, referring to the four steps involved in creating and dealing with...
cognitive-behavior therapy
designed to reduce both self-destructive thoughts and self destructive behaviors.
humanistic therapy
Therapy that seeks to maximize personal growth through affective restructuring(emotional readjustment)
client-centered therapy
explores thoughts and feelings as a way to obtain insight into the causes for behaviors. page...
empathy
page 383
unconditional positive regard
383
genuineness
383
active listening
383
group therapy
a form of therapy in which a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals.
self-help group
unlike other group therapy approaches, a professional does not guide these groups. They are...
family therapy
treatment to change maladaptive interaction patterns within a family.
behavior therapy
a group of techniques based on learning principles that is used to change maladaptive behaviors.
aversion therapy
uses principles of classical conditioning to create anxiety rather than extinguish it. 385
systematic desensitization
beings with relaxation training, followed by imagining or directly experiencing various versions...
shaping
an operant conditioning technique for eventually bringing about a desired (or target) behavior...
modeling therapy
a learning technique in which the subject watches and imitates models who demonstrate desirable...
biomedical therapy
using physiological interventions (drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery) to...
psychopharmacology
the study of drug effects on the mind and behavior
antianxiety drugs
also known as minor tranquilizers, lower the sympathetic activity of the brain- the crisis...
antipsychotic drugs
also known as neuroleptics, are used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states....
mood stabilizer drugs
such as lithium, can help relieve manic episodes and depression for people suffering from bipolar...
antidepressant drugs
 are used to treat people with depression. There are five types of antidepressant drugs:...
electroconvulsive therapy(ECT)
biomedical therapy in which electrical current is passed through the brain.
psychosurgery
operative procedures on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not...
lobotomy
originated in 1936, when Portuguese neurologist Egaz Moniz first treated uncontrollable psychoses...
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
page 392
eclectic approach
393
deinstitutionalization
discharging patients from mental hospitals as soon as possible and discouraging admissions....


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