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techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
the name for the group that therapies are often put together, that seek to increase insight into clients' difficulties
Freudian therapy designed to bring unconscious conflicts, which usually date back to early childhood experiences,into consciousness. Also, Freud's theoretical school of thought, which...
Freud explained that becoming aware of previously hidden conflicts permits a release of tension and anxiety, known as catharsis.
According to Freud, when you let your mind wander and remove conscious censorship over thoughts- a processed called free association- interesting and even bizarre connections seem to...
according to Freudian dream theory, a therapist might interpret a dream of riding a horse or driving a car, as a desire for, or concern about, sexual intercourse.
look at manifest content
during free association or dream analysis, Freud found that patients often show resistance-for example, suddenly "forgetting" what they were saying or completely changing the subject.
the core of call psychoanalytic therapy is interpretation. During free association, dream analysis, resistance, and transference, the analyst listens closely and tries to find patterns...
a briefer, more directive contemporary form of psychoanalysis, which emphasizes conscious processes and current problems.
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
is an influential, brief form of psychodynamic therapy. As the name implies, interpersonal therapy focuses almost exclusively on the client's current relationships.
therapy that focuses on changing faulty thought processes and beliefs to treat problem behaviors.
the unrealistic things a person tells himself or herself
through this process, insight allows clients to challenge their thoughts, change how they interpret events, and modify maladaptive.
Developed by Albert Ellis, referring to the four steps involved in creating and dealing with maladaptive thinking:...page 379
designed to reduce both self-destructive thoughts and self destructive behaviors.
Therapy that seeks to maximize personal growth through affective restructuring(emotional readjustment)
explores thoughts and feelings as a way to obtain insight into the causes for behaviors. page 382
unconditional positive regard
a form of therapy in which a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals.
unlike other group therapy approaches, a professional does not guide these groups. They are simply groups of people who share a common problem, and who meet to give and receive support.
treatment to change maladaptive interaction patterns within a family.
a group of techniques based on learning principles that is used to change maladaptive behaviors.
uses principles of classical conditioning to create anxiety rather than extinguish it. 385
beings with relaxation training, followed by imagining or directly experiencing various versions of a feared object or situation while remaining deeply relaxed. 386
an operant conditioning technique for eventually bringing about a desired (or target) behavior is shaping- providing rewards for sucessive approximations of the target behavior.
a learning technique in which the subject watches and imitates models who demonstrate desirable behaviors.
using physiological interventions (drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery) to reduce or alleviate symptoms of psychological disorders.
the study of drug effects on the mind and behavior
also known as minor tranquilizers, lower the sympathetic activity of the brain- the crisis of operation- so that anxious responses are diminished or prevented and are replaced by feeling...
also known as neuroleptics, are used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states. they are often referred to as " major tranquilizers" .....390
mood stabilizer drugs
such as lithium, can help relieve manic episodes and depression for people suffering from bipolar disorder. 390
are used to treat people with depression. There are five types of antidepressant drugs: tricyclics, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake unhibitors.
biomedical therapy in which electrical current is passed through the brain.
operative procedures on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not responded to other forms of treatment.
originated in 1936, when Portuguese neurologist Egaz Moniz first treated uncontrollable psychoses by cutting the nerve fibers between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus.
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
discharging patients from mental hospitals as soon as possible and discouraging admissions. page 396