Chapter 14- Therapy

Chapter 14- Therapy Final Exam-psych
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psychotherapy
 
techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
insight therapies
 
the name for the group that therapies are often put together, that seek to increase insight into clients' difficulties
psychoanalysis
 
Freudian therapy designed to bring unconscious conflicts, which usually date back to early childhood experiences,into consciousness. Also, Freud's theoretical school of thought, which emphasizes unconscious processes.
catharsis
 
Freud explained that becoming aware of previously hidden conflicts permits a release of tension and anxiety, known as catharsis.
free association
 
According to Freud, when you let your mind wander and remove conscious censorship over thoughts- a processed called free association- interesting and even bizarre connections seem to spring into awareness.
manifest content
 
according to Freudian dream theory, a therapist might interpret a dream of riding a horse or driving a car, as a desire for, or concern about, sexual intercourse.
latent content
 
look at manifest content
resistance
 
during free association or dream analysis, Freud found that patients often show resistance-for example, suddenly "forgetting" what they were saying or completely changing the subject.
transference
 
page 377
interpretation
 
the core of call psychoanalytic therapy is interpretation. During free association, dream analysis, resistance, and transference, the analyst listens closely and tries to find patterns and hidden conflicts. At the right time, the therapist explains ( or interprets) the underlying meanings to the client.
psychodynamic therapy
 
a briefer, more directive contemporary form of psychoanalysis, which emphasizes conscious processes and current problems.
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
 
is an influential, brief form of psychodynamic therapy. As the name implies, interpersonal therapy focuses almost exclusively on the client's current relationships.
cognitive therapy
 
therapy that focuses on changing faulty thought processes and beliefs to treat problem behaviors.
self-talk
 
the unrealistic things a person tells himself or herself
cognitive restructuring
 
through this process, insight allows clients to challenge their thoughts, change how they interpret events, and modify maladaptive.
rational-emotive therapy
 
Developed by Albert Ellis, referring to the four steps involved in creating and dealing with maladaptive thinking:...page 379
cognitive-behavior therapy
 
designed to reduce both self-destructive thoughts and self destructive behaviors.
humanistic therapy
 
Therapy that seeks to maximize personal growth through affective restructuring(emotional readjustment)
client-centered therapy
 
explores thoughts and feelings as a way to obtain insight into the causes for behaviors. page 382
empathy
 
page 383
unconditional positive regard
 
383
genuineness
 
383
active listening
 
383
group therapy
 
a form of therapy in which a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals.
self-help group
 
unlike other group therapy approaches, a professional does not guide these groups. They are simply groups of people who share a common problem, and who meet to give and receive support.
family therapy
 
treatment to change maladaptive interaction patterns within a family.
behavior therapy
 
a group of techniques based on learning principles that is used to change maladaptive behaviors.
aversion therapy
 
uses principles of classical conditioning to create anxiety rather than extinguish it. 385
systematic desensitization
 
beings with relaxation training, followed by imagining or directly experiencing various versions of a feared object or situation while remaining deeply relaxed. 386
shaping
 
an operant conditioning technique for eventually bringing about a desired (or target) behavior is shaping- providing rewards for sucessive approximations of the target behavior.
modeling therapy
 
a learning technique in which the subject watches and imitates models who demonstrate desirable behaviors.
biomedical therapy
 
using physiological interventions (drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery) to reduce or alleviate symptoms of psychological disorders.
psychopharmacology
 
the study of drug effects on the mind and behavior
antianxiety drugs
 
also known as minor tranquilizers, lower the sympathetic activity of the brain- the crisis of operation- so that anxious responses are diminished or prevented and are replaced by feeling of tranquility and calmness.
antipsychotic drugs
 
also known as neuroleptics, are used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states. they are often referred to as " major tranquilizers" .....390
mood stabilizer drugs
 
such as lithium, can help relieve manic episodes and depression for people suffering from bipolar disorder. 390
antidepressant drugs
 
are used to treat people with depression. There are five types of antidepressant drugs: tricyclics, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake unhibitors.
electroconvulsive therapy(ECT)
 
biomedical therapy in which electrical current is passed through the brain.
psychosurgery
 
operative procedures on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not responded to other forms of treatment.
lobotomy
 
originated in 1936, when Portuguese neurologist Egaz Moniz first treated uncontrollable psychoses by cutting the nerve fibers between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus.
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
 
page 392
eclectic approach
 
393
deinstitutionalization
 
discharging patients from mental hospitals as soon as possible and discouraging admissions. page 396
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