Chapter 14 AP European History Flashcards

AP Euro Exam Flashcards
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*French for revenge* Regain lost territories from the Treaty of Versailles*Destabilized European affairs during the inter war period*Germany tried to regain the land that was taken away from them
Yalta Conference
* Conference to discuss the future of Germany*Four zones : France, GB, Britain, and US.
German Communist Party and Social Democratic party
*Walter Ulbricht - Leader of the KPD*mass rape, dismantling of factories, and no land reform angereing Soviets*Merges with SPD to gain electoral support
George Kennan
*Long Telegram - Soviets see us as a enemy and would never attempt to seek coexistance with us.*Architect of Containment
Containing Russian expansion into other countries and the spread of communism
Percentages Agreement
*Division of various nations in Eastern Europe into spheres of influence based on percentages*Signed by Stalin and Churchill
European Economic Community
(AKA Common market)* Lifted almost all trade restrictions among member states
European Coal and Steel Community*Combined and administered steel and coal to member states*Any war between France and Germany is IMPOSSIBLE now*European Parliament-The supranational assembly in charge of the ECSC - court of justice and provided direct income for the Community
Maastricht Treaty
*Established the common currency, Euro, *New areas with increased cooperation in defense, justice, and environmental affairs.*EEC -> European Union
Politics of Consensus
Conservatives support the Labour Party in their social service network*General agreement to provide social services and government should play a big role in managing the economy
Margaret Thatcher
*Britain's first female Prime Minister*Thatcherism- Tight control over money supply reducing inflation, sharp cuts in public spending and cuts in taxes* Reduced power of trade unions
Tony Blair
*New Labour*Improved Britain's social services, reformed the house of Lords, devolution of power towarrds parliaments in Wales and Scotland
Monnet Plan
* Commissariat General du Plan*Nonpolitical technocrats to run the French economy*Increased foreign investment and rational cetral planning*Americanization of France
Italy's economic miracle
Economic progress during the 1950's - 1960's *Achieved through the state involvement in Italy's economy*Institute for Industrial Reconstruction*economic gap between North and South Italy
Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor and head of the Christian Democratic Union party.*Anti Nazi conservative who preferred a West German state tied to the West than German unification forced into neutrality*adressed the terrible crimes committed by the Nazis during the Holocaust*Economic growth - higher wages and productivity
Willy Brandt - Leader of the social democrats* Wanted to reach out to the Soviets and its satellite states*Led to the signing of treaties with the Soviet Union, Poland, and Czechoslovakia*de facto recognition of a East German state
Nikita Kruschev
*Reversed many of Stalin's policies*wanted to stick with the original Marxist-Leninism philosophies*Almost went to nuclear war with USA after Cuban missile crisis and shooting of a US spy plane.
Prague Spring
*Humanistic socialism with certain limits in Czechoslovakia*REFORM*Nation within the Soviet Bloc
Brezhnev Doctrine
Soviet Union will support any established communist state that was threatened with internal strife.
Mikhail Gorbachev
*Charge of Kremlin*Communisms collapsed in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Albania*Reunification of East and West Germany
Openness in debate
Economic restructuring of the state*Failed to improve the average Russian's standard of living
Boris Yeltsin
Chairman of the Russian Parliament*Became president of the Russian Federation*Free market capitalism*"shock treatment"- short time economic dislocation followed by greater stability and expansion*Imposed a new constitution providing enhanced presidential powers and established the DUMA
Student revolts in Paris
*Involved student groups with different idealogical agendas*Overcrowding of French universities*Spark a general strike by French workers*Partially in reaction to the Vietnam War
Truman Doctrine
Implement the practice of containment*Support free countries who are fighting against powers trying to control them*Caused by Britain's withdrawal from Greece
Velvet Revolution
Non violent throw of authoritarian government in Czechoslovakia

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