Chapter 13 & 14 Quiz

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Chapter 13 & 14 Quiz

These Are The Flash Cards For Chapter 13 And 14. The Topics Are Over Race And Sex. 

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What is the myth of race
 
because it is a social construction that we use in making sense of our world rather than biological or natural reality 
a group of people who share a set of characteristics and are said to have a common blood line 
 
race (demythification of race)
the belief that members of separate races posses difficult and unequal traits 
 
racism 
When did modern racial thinking develop? 
 
the mid 17th century; paralleling global changes like , Protestant Reformation, Age of Exploration, and the rise of capitalism
judging other groups by one's own standard
 
ethnocentrism
what is an example of ethnocentrism?
 
racial thinking-race regarded as set of physical traits with social implications 
evolutionary survival of the fittest
 
social darwinism 
a program to breed the best and the brightest and discard the dregs of society is called: 
 
Eugenics 
What are the two groups of Eugenics? 
 
polygenists and monogenists 
believe that different races were different species 
 
polygenists
believe that all humans were one species, united under God
 
monogenists 
movement to protect indigenous culture from the effects of new immigrants
 
nativism 
belief that one drop of black blood makes a person black. It became a way of drawing sharp racial boundaries in the U.S. 
 
One-drop rule
Interracial marriage
 
miscegenation
when was miscegenation not only applicable to black and white but also to chinese? 
 
late 19th century 
externally imposed; involuntary; based on physical differences; exclusive; unequal
 
race
voluntary, self-defined; non-hierarchical, fluid; and cultural
 
ethnicity 
Population of native americans prior to european exploration 
 
10-100 million
population of native americans today
 
2.5 million 
What racial group has the lowest average socio-economic status?
 
native Americans 
What percentage of Af. Am. children are in poverty 
 
34%
How many africans were enslaved in the trans-atlantic human traffic
 
over 100 million
what percentage do African Americans make up in the U.S. 
 
13%
Who are the latinos
 
a diverse group of people of latin or hispanic origin 
Where do some of the Latinos immigrate from? 
 
mexican origins, puerto rico, and other immigrants from latin american countries
Where do Asian Americans immigrate from?
 
china, japan, korea, southeast asia
Who are the middle eastern americans? 
 
diverse group from the arabian peninsula, north africa, iran, iraq, and palestinians 
about how many Americans report some Arab origins? 
 
about 3 million 
WASP
 
white anglo-saxon protestant 
How are the categories of whiteness constructed? 
 
socially constructed
involves feeling free of the weight of representing an entire population with one's success or failure
 
Importance of being white 
integration into the dominant society in areas of language, culture, and habits-the melting pot analogy 
 
assimilation 
persistent and powerful ethnic ties to homeland cultures of immigrants 
 
primordialism  
the opposite of assimilation: a society characterized by distinct ethnic or racial groups- a mosaic of cultures 
 
pluralism 
legal or social practice of separating people on the basis of their race or ethnicity 
 
segregation 
What was the supreme court ruling that helped to create desegregation? 
 
1954 Brown vs. Board of Education 
mass killing of a particular population 
 
genocide 
moving away from the dominant population for self-protection 
 
withdrawl 
blending with the dominant group
 
passing
what is an example of passing
 
changing of surnames by German immigrants
feigning or pretending to compliance to hide feelings of resentment 
 
acceptance and resistance 
what is an example of acceptance and resistance?
 
slaves to their owners
organizing of ethnic groups to change the power dynamics 
 
collective resistance ex. Civil rights 
thoughts and feelings about an ethnic or racial group-not carried out
 
prejudice
a harmful or negative act against people deemed inferior 
 
discrimination 
what is supposed to happen with the latino and asian population by 2050? 
 
population projected to triple 
What is an example of patriarch? 
 
Female circumcision (FGM)
When a man is in charge
 
patriarchy 
When female is in control 
 
matriarchal 
What is an example of matriarchal society 
 
tribes in amazon (Asante) in Ghana 
designed to consider gender as a way society organizes social relations, generally resulting in inequality between the sexes
 
the feminist movement 
when did the feminist movement begin? 
 
1960s 
Who wrote a book on the rights of women in 1790? 
 
Mary Wolencraft
biological differences between males and females 
 
sex
socially constructed-what boys and girls SHOULD do 
 
gender
refers to desire, sexual preference, identity, and behavior 
 
sexuality 
N.O.W.
 
national organization of women 
an ideal of masculinity that is so dominant it is regarded as the norm 
 
hegemonic masculinity 
behavioral norms assumed to accompany one's status as female or male, vary over time and from place to place
 
Gender roles