Chapter 12

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Chapter 12

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the second of japan's military governments headed by a shogun ( a military ruler). Sometimes called muromachi shogunate
 
ashikaga shogunate (1336-1573)
china's northern capital, fist used as an imperial capital in 906 and now the capital of the peoples republic of china.
 
beijing
from latin, caesar, this russian title for a monarch was first used in reference to a russian ruler by ivan III (1462-1505)
 
trsar (czar)
the title of temujin when he ruled the mongols (1209- 1227). It means the oceanic or universal leader. He' was the founder of the mongol empire
 
genghis khan ( 1167-1227)
mogol hjanate founded by genghis khans grandson Batu. It was based in southern Russian and quickly adopted both the turkic language and islam. Also known as the kipchak horde.
 
golden horde
a secondary or perpheral khan based in persia. this khanate was founded by hulegu, a grandson of genghis khan and was based at tabrizin modern azerbaijan. it controlled much of iran and iraq
 
il-khan
the "divine wind" which the japanese credited with blowing mongol invaders away from their shores in 1281.
 
kamikaze
last of the mongol great khans (1260-1294) and founder of the yuan empire.
 
khubulai khan (1215-1294)
in tibetan buddhism, a teacher
 
lama
a people of this name is mentioned as early as the records of the tang empire, living as nomads in northern eurasia. After 1206 they established an enormous empire under genghis khan linking western and easter eurasia
 
mongols
mongols persian mathematician and cosmologist whose academy near tabriz porvided the model for the movement of hte plantes that helped to inspire the copernical model of the solar system
 
nasir al-din tusi (1201-1274)
prince of novgorod (1236-1263) he submitted to the invadeing of the mogols in 1204 and received recognition as the leader of the russian princes under the golden horde
 
Nevskii, Alexander (1220-1263)
a way of life, forced by scarcity of resources, in which groups of poeple continually migrate tro mfind pastures and water
 
nomads
islamic state founded by osman in norwester anatolia ca 1300. After the fall of thebyzantine emprie, the ottoman empre was based at istanbul (formerly constantinople) from 1453 to 1922. It encompassed lands in the middle east, north africa, the caucasus and eastern europe.
 
ottoman empire
adviser to il-khan ruler ghazan who converted to islam of rashids advice
 
rashid al-din (d.1318)
member of a prominent family of the mogols jagadai khanate, timur through conquest gained control over much of central asia and iran. HE consolidated the status of sunni islam as orthodox, and his descendants, the timurids mantained his empire fore nearly a centure and founded the mughal empire in india
 
Timur (1336-1405)
the ---- dynasty ruled korea from the fall of the koryo kingdom to the colonization of korea by japan
 
yi
regin period of zhu di (1360-1424) the third emperor of the ming empire (1403-1424). He sponsored the building of the forbidden city, a huge encyclopedia project, the expeditions of the zheng he, and the reopoening of china's borders to trade and travel
 
yongle
empre created in china and siberia by khubilai khan
 
yuan empire (1271-1368)
an imperial eunuch and muslim entrusted by the ming emperor yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the indian ocean from south east asia to africa
 
zheng he (1371-1435)
mongol leader timur was known to europeans as
 
tamerlane
the poet -- laid now foundeations for algebra and trigonometry
 
omar khayyam
russia was conquered by the mogol state known as the
 
golden horde
alexander neskii cooperated in the mongol campaings against the ----- knights
 
teutonic
zhu yuanzhang was the founder of the ----- dynasty
 
ming
the----- of mongol rulers usually managed state affairs between rulers death and the selection of the succesor
 
wives and mothers
mongol groups had a strong hierarchy, but the khan was required to
 
prove fighting ability in family games
in 1271, ------ khan declared himself the founder of the yuan empire
 
khubilai
the plague was brought to europe in the fourteenth century by the
 
tarlemane or traders
the il-khans used ------ to extract maximum wealth from their domain
 
armed mongol soldiers
the work of historian juvaini inspired rashid al-din to
 
attempt the fist history of the world
the mongol armies in werern eurasia were
 
an international force
the change from yuan to ming was
 
not welcomed by majority of chineese
the mongol rulers of china sought to create a
 
synthesis of mongol and chineese traditions
in korea under the yi, the primary cash crop was
 
cotton
the venetian traveler ------ visited the mongol court in china
 
Marco Polo
zhu yuanzhang led a campaign that overthrew the yuan empire and established the ---- dynasty
 
ming
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