Chapter 12: The Second War For Independence And The Upsurge Of Nationalism

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President Madison cleverly manipulated Napoleon into repealing his blockade decrees.
The large western delegation in congress was not concerned about foreign policy issues such as Canada and maritime rights.
Western hostility rose to Britain partly bacause the war hawks believed the British were supplying Indians with weapons for war.
New Englanders opposed the war of 1812 because they believed that Canada should be acquired by peaceful negotiations rather that war.
The most effective branch of the American military in the war of 1812 proved to be the U.S. Army
The American strategy for conquering Canada was well but failed because of a lack of equipment and troops.
American naval forces under Perry and Macdonough thwarted British-Canadian invasion threats to Detroit and upstate New York.
Andrew Jackson's victory at the battle of New Orleans was crucial to the American military and political gains in the treaty of Ghent.
Clay's and Calhoun's plans for an extensive system of federally funded roads and canals were blocked by the western states' objections to federak involvement in their affairs.
The Federalist Party remained a sturdy center of opposition to the expansion of slavery and Monroe's anti-british foreign policy.
Because of the wildcat banking practices and the land speculation, the West was hit especially hard in the panic of 1819.
The missouri compromise admitted missouri to the union as free state, in exchange for the admission of Louisiana as a slave state.
John Marshall's supreme court rulings generally defended the power of the federal government against the power of the states.
Secretary of State John Quincy Adams successfully acquired both Oregon and Florida for the United States
The Monroe Doctrine declaring that the U.S. would permit no new European colonialism in the Americas was most enthusiastically welcomed in Latin America.
The greatest American successes of the War if 1812 came
in the naval battles on the Great Lakes and elsewhere.
Two prominent American military heroes during the war if 1812 were
Oliver Hazard Perry and Andrew Jackson
The American victory in the battle of new orleans proved essentially meaningless because
the peace treaty had been signed several weeks before
The terms of the Treaty of Ghent ending the war of 1812 provided
that the two sides would stop fighting and return to the status quo before the war
One significant domestic consequence of the war of 1812 was
an increase in domestic manufacturing and economic independence
one significant international consequence of the war of 1812 was
the growth of canadian patriotism and nationalism
The Era of Good Feeling was sharply disrupted by
the panic of 1819 and the battle over slavery in Missouri
The new nationalistic feeling right after the war of 1812 was evident in all of the following except
the addition of significant new territory to the U.S.
Besides admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, the Missouri Compromise provided that
slavery would not be permitted anywhere in the Louisiana Purchase territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except in Missouri itself
In the Case of McCulloch v. Maryland, Justice John Marshall held that
the federal bank of the U.S. was constitutional, and no states had the right to tax it
The most prominent political figure who shared John Marshall's belief in expanding the power of the federal government at the expense of the states was
Daniel Webster
Andrew Jackson's invasion of Florida led to the permanent acquisition of that territory after
Secretary of state Adams pressured Spain to cede the area to the United States
The original impetus for declaring the Monroe came from
A British proposal that America join Britain in guaranteeing the independence of the Latin American republics.
As proclaimed by the Monroe in his message of 1823, the Monroe Doctrine asserted that
The United States would not tolerate further European intervention or colonization in the Americas.
The immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine at the time it was issued was
very small

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