Chapter 12 Prejudice Causes And Cures

Social Psych 
 
Created Dec 1, 2011
by gialam92
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prejudice affects 
everyone 
what can leave us vulnerable to prejudice 
Nationality, gender, sexual preference, religion, age, and even profession or hobbies
prejudice is an __ 
attitude 
attitudes are made up of three components 
ØAn affective or emotional component, representing the type of emotion linked with...
ØRefers to the general attitude structure and its affective (emotional)...
prejudice 
prejudice can involve __ or ___ effect 
- positive- negative 
Øusually the term refers to a hostile or negative attitude toward a distinguishable...
prejudice
Øa generalization about a group of people, in which identical characteristics are assigned...
- stereotype 
Øbehavioural component of prejudice and includes an unjustified, negative, or harmful...
discrimination 
ØAccording to social identity theory, other people are seen as belonging:
Øeither to our group (known as in-group) Øor to a different group (known as...
Øthe tendency in humans to evaluate in-group members more positively than out-group members.
- in group bias 
the in-group bias is __ 
pervasive 
what does it mean that the in-group biad is pervasize
people show this bias even under the most minimal conditions 
complete strangers are formed into groups using the most trivial criteria imaginable ...
- minimal groups 
Those who shared the same ‘meaningless label’ liked... 
the members of their own group better (even if they didn't interact with one another) 
ØWhy do we show the in-group bias?
-ØBelonging to a group gives us a social identityØHaving a social identity contributes to feelings...
what does it mean that Belonging to a group gives us a social identity
Those who identify with a group will be more likely to discriminate against an out-group. ...
what does it mean that Having a social identity contributes to feelings of self-esteem.
When self-esteem is threatened, people are more likely to denigrate the out-group members...
Øthe perception that those in the out-group are more similar (homogeneous) to each other...
out group homogeneity 
In order to explain how stereotypical beliefs affect cognitive processing, give two-step...
first  the automatic process then the controlled process ...
which the stereotypes are automatically triggered
automatic process 
Øwhich the person decides whether or not to accept the stereotype.
controlled process 
IMPLICATIONS OF SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION FOR REDUCING PREJUDICE
ØChange people’s perceptions of “us” vs. “them” ØPromote a common...
behavioral component 
- discrimination 
affective component 
prejudice 
cognitive component 
stereotype 


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