Chapter 1-2 First Aid, CPR, And AED

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Failure to continue first aid until relieved by someone with the same or a higher level of training.
Doing something that a reasonably prudent person would not do under the same or similar circumstances.
Act of commission
Failure to do what a reasonably prudent person with the same or similar training would do in the same or similar circumstances.
Act of omission
Touching a person or providing first aid without consent.
When a first aider fails to provide the type of care that would be given by a person having the same or similar training.
Breach of duty
An agreement by the patient or victim to accept treatment offered as explained by medical personnel or first aiders.
A person's responsibility to provide victim care.
Duty to act
Permission for care that a victim gives verbally or with a head nod.
Expressed consent
Immediate care given to an injured or suddenly ill person.
First aid
Laws that encourage people to voluntarily help an injured or suddenly ill person by minimizing the liability for errors made while rendering emergency care in good faith.
Good Samaritan laws
An assumed consent given by an unconscious adult when emergency lifesaving treatment is required.
Implied consent
Deviation from the accepted standard of care that results in further injury to the victim.
Infections transmitted through the air, such as tuberculosis.
Airborne diseases
Infections transmitted through the blood, such as HIV or HBV.
Bloodborne diseases
A disease that can spread from person to person, or form animal to person.
Communicable disease
A system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide emergency medical care.
Emergency medical services (EMS)
Feelings and emotions after a stressful situation that cause personal pain. People go through several stages of grieving.
Grieving process
A viral infection of the liver for which a vaccine is available.
Hepatitis B
A viral infection of the liver for which no vaccine is available.
Hepatitis C
The virus that can cause AIDS.
Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
A medical condition caused by the growth of small, harmful organisms within the body.
Infectious disease
Equipment such as exam gloves, used to block the entry of an organism into the body.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
A delayed stress reaction to a prior emergency event.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A potentially life-threatening viral infection that usually starts with flu-like symptoms.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
Steps taken when approaching an emergency scene. Steps include checking for hazards, noting the cause of injury or illness, and determining the number of victims.
Scene size-up
Protective measures that have traditionally been developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for use in dealing with objects, blood, body fluids, or other potential exposure risks of communicably disease.
Standard precautions
A bacterial disease usually affecting the lungs.

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