Chapter 12 APUSH

Chapter 12
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Second Great Awakening 

The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840s[1]) was a period of great religious revival that extended into theantebellum period of the United States, with widespread Christian evangelism and conversions. It was named for the Great...
• Lyman Beecher 

Lyman Beecher (October 12, 1775 – January 10, 1863) was a Presbyterian minister,temperance movement Founder (American Temperance Society) Co-founder[1] and leader, and the father of 13 children, and a leader of the Second...
• Unitarians
Unitarianism as a theology is the belief in the single personality of God, in contrast to thedoctrine of the Trinity (three persons in one God). [1] Unitarianism as a movement is based on this...

• Temperance reformers 
A temperance movement is a social movement against the use of alcoholic beverages. Temperance movements may criticize excessive alcohol use, promote complete abstinence, or pressure the government to enact anti-alcohol legislation.
“ Cult of True Womanhood”/“Cult of Domesticity” 
The Cult of Domesticity or Cult of True Womanhood (named such by its detractors) was a prevailing view among upper and middle class white women during the nineteenth century, in Great Britain and the United...
The United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Appearing, known as the Shakers, is a Protestant religious sect.
Horace Mann 
Horace Mann (May 4, 1796 – August 2, 1859) was an American education reformer, and a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1827 to 1833. He served in theMassachusetts Senate from 1834-1837. In...
The McGuffy Reader 

Two of the best known school books in the history of American education were the 18th century New England Primer and the 19th century McGuffey Readers. Of the two, McGuffey's was more popular and widely used. In...
• Dorothea Dix 
Dorothea Lynde Dix (April 4, 1802 – July 17, 1887) was an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and theUnited States...
American Colonization Society 

The American Colonization Society (in full: The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America) was the primary vehicle for proposals to return black Americansto greater freedom in Africa, and helped to found the colony of Liberia in...
• William Lloyd Garrison/The Liberator 
William Lloyd Garrison (December 13, 1805 – May 24, 1879) was a prominent Americanabolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, and as...
The Grimke Sisters 
Sarah Grimké (1792-1873) and Angelina Grimké Weld (1805-1879), known as the Grimké sisters, were 19th-century American Quakers, educators and writers who were early advocates of abolitionism and women's...
Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton 
Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902) was an Americansocial activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early woman's movement. HerDeclaration of Sentiments, presented at the first women's rights convention held...
Seneca Falls Conference, 1848
However, it was not until 1848 that Mott and Stanton organized a women's rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York. Stanton noted theSeneca Falls Convention was the first public women's rights meeting in the United States. Stanton's resolution...
New Harmony, Indiana/Robert Owen 
New Harmony is a historic town on the Wabash River in Harmony Township, Posey County,Indiana, 15 miles (24 km) north of Mount Vernon, Indiana, the county seat. The town's population has remained relatively...
Bishop Hill, Illinois 
The Bishop Hill Colony was communistic in nature, as dictated by Jansson. Thus, everything was owned by everyone and no one had more possessions than another. Work in the colony was highly rigorous and regimented. It wasn't uncommon...
Oneida, N.Y./”Utopia” 
The Oneida Community was a utopian commune founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York. The community believed that Jesus Christ had already returned in the year 70,...
Brook Farm, Mass./Rev. G. Ripley 
In the late 1830s Ripley became increasingly engaged in "Associationism", an early Fourierist socialistmovement. In October 1840 he announced to the Transcendental Club his plan to form an Associationist community based on Fourier's Utopian...
Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803 – April 27, 1882) was an American essayist,philosopher, and poet, best remembered for leading the Transcendentalist movement of the mid 19th century. His teachings directly influenced...
Thoreau/“Walden” Pond
Walden (first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods) by Henry David Thoreau is an American classic. The work is part personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery,...

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