Chapter 11 - Special Senses: The Eyes And Ears

Chapter 11 - Special
Created Apr 21, 2011
by blue_dolphin1222
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Side ASide B
blephar/o
eyelid
-cusis
hearing
irid/o
iris, colored part of eye
kerat/o
horny, hard, cornea
myring/o
tympanic membrane, eardrum
ophthalm/o
eye, vision
-opia
vision condition
opt/o
eye, vision
ot/o
ear, hearing
phak/o
lens of eye
presby/o
old age
retin/o
retina, net
scler/o
sclera, white of eye, hard
trop/o
turn, change
tympan/o
tympanic membrane, eardrum
adnexa
appendages or accessory structures of an organ
amblyopia ambly = dim or dull; -opia = vision condition
a dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight, especially in one eye, without detectable...
ametropia ametr = out of proportion; -opia = vision condition
any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina
anisocoria anis/o = unequal; cor = pupil; -ia = abnormal condition
a condition in which the pupils are unequal in size; can be congenital or caused by a head...
astigmatism
a condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea
barotrauma bar/o = pressure; -trauma = injury
is pressure-related ear discomfort that can be caused by pressure changes when flying, driving...
blepharoptosis (ptosis) blephar/o = eyelid; -ptosis = drooping or sagging
is drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis
cataract
the loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity
chalazion (internal stye)
a localized swelling inside the eyelid resulting from obstruction of a sebaceous gland; compare...
cochlear implant
is an implanted electronic device that can give a deaf person a useful auditory understanding...
conjunctivitis (pinkeye)
an inflammation of the conjunctiva that is usually caused by an infection or allergy
dacryoadenitis dacry/o = tear; aden = gland; -itis = inflammation
an inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
diplopia (double vision) dipl = double; opia = vision condition
the perception of two images of a single object
ectropion ec- = out; trop = turn; -ion = condition
the eversion of the edge of an eyelid; eversion means turning outward
emmetropia emmetr = in proper measure; -opia = vision condition
the normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that...
entropion en- = in; trop = turn; -ion = condition
the inversion of the edge of an eyelid; inversion means turning inward
esotropia (cross-eyes) eso- = inward; trop = turn; -ia = abnormal condition
is strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of one or both eyes; esotropia is the opposite...
eustachitis (salpingitis)
is inflammation of the eustachian tube
exotropia (walleye) exo- = outward; trop = turn; -ia = abnormal condition
is strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one eye relative to the other; exotropia...
fluorescein angiography
a radiographic study of the blood vessels in the retina of the eye following the intravenous...
glaucoma
a group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cause damage to the...
hemianopia hemi- = half; an- = without; -opia = vision
is blindness in one-half of the visual field
hordeolum (stye)
a pus-filled lesion on the eyelid resulting from an infection in a sebaceous gland; compare...
hyperopia (farsightedness)
a defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina; hyperopia is the opposite of myopia
infectious myringitis
a contagious inflammation that causes painful blisters on the eardrum; condition is associated...
iridectomy irid = iris; -ectomy = surgical removal
the surgical removal of a portion of the tissue of the iris
iritis (anterior uveitis)
an inflammation of the uveal tract affecting primarily structures in the front of the eye
keratitis
an inflammation of the cornea; condition can be due to many causes including bacterial, viral,...
labyrinthectomy
the surgical removal of all or a portion of the labyrinth; procedure is performed to relieve...
laser trabeculoplasty
is used to treat open-angle glaucoma by creating openings in the trabecular meshwork to allow...
mastoidectomy
the surgical removal of mastoid cells; procedure used to treat a mastoiditis that can't be...
myopia (nearsightedness)
is a defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina; occurs mostly around puberty;...
myringotomy
the surgical incision in the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy...
nyctalopia (night blindness)
a condition in which an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night
nystagmus
is an involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused...
ophthalmoscopy (funduscopy)
the visual examination of the fundus (back part) of the eye with an ophthalmoscope
optometrist
holds a Doctor of Optometry degree & specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to...
otitis media
an inflammation of the middle ear
otomycosis (swimmer's ear)
a fungal infection of the external auditory canal
otopyorrhea
the flow of pus from the ear
otorrhagia
is bleeding from the ear
otosclerosis
the ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear, resulting in a conductive hearing loss; ankylosis...
papilledema (choked disk)
swelling & inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of entrance into the eye through...
periorbital edema
swelling surrounding the eye or eyes
presbycusis
a gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs as the body ages
presbyopia
the condition of common changes in the eyes that occur with aging
pterygium
a benign growth on the cornea that can become large enough to distort vision
radial keratotomy
a surgical procedure to treat myopia
retinopexy
is used to reattach the detached area in a retinal detachment
scleritis
an inflammation of the sclera; condition usually associated with infections, chemical...
stapedectomy
the surgical removal of the top portion of the stapes bone & insertion of a small prosthetic...
strabismus
a disorder in which the eyes point in different directions or are not aligned correctly because...
tarsorrhaphy
the partial or complete suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids
tinnitus
a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears; often associated w/ hearing loss...
tonometry
the measurement of intraocular pressure; abnormally high pressure can be an indication of glaucoma
tympanometry
the use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear
tympanostomy tubes (pediatric ear tubes)
tiny ventilating tubes placed through the eardrum to provide ongoing drainage for fluids &...
vertigo
a sense of whirling, dizziness, & the loss of balance, that is often combined w/ nausea...
vitrectomy
the removal of the vitreous fluid and its replacement with a clear solution
xerophthalmia (dry eye)
is drying of eye surfaces including the conjunctiva


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