Chapter 11 - Special Senses: The Eyes And Ears

75 cards

Chapter 11 - Special


 
  
Created Apr 21, 2011
by
blue_dolphin1222

 

 
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1
blephar/o
 
eyelid
2
-cusis
 
hearing
3
irid/o
 
iris, colored part of eye
4
kerat/o
 
horny, hard, cornea
5
myring/o
 
tympanic membrane, eardrum
6
ophthalm/o
 
eye, vision
7
-opia
 
vision condition
8
opt/o
 
eye, vision
9
ot/o
 
ear, hearing
10
phak/o
 
lens of eye
11
presby/o
 
old age
12
retin/o
 
retina, net
13
scler/o
 
sclera, white of eye, hard
14
trop/o
 
turn, change
15
tympan/o
 
tympanic membrane, eardrum
16
adnexa
 
appendages or accessory structures of an organ
17
amblyopia ambly = dim or dull; -opia = vision condition
 
a dimness of vision or the partial loss of sight, especially in one eye, without detectable...
18
ametropia ametr = out of proportion; -opia = vision condition
 
any error of refraction in which images do not focus properly on the retina
19
anisocoria anis/o = unequal; cor = pupil; -ia = abnormal condition
 
a condition in which the pupils are unequal in size; can be congenital or caused by a head...
20
astigmatism
 
a condition in which the eye does not focus properly because of uneven curvatures of the cornea
21
barotrauma bar/o = pressure; -trauma = injury
 
is pressure-related ear discomfort that can be caused by pressure changes when flying, driving...
22
blepharoptosis (ptosis) blephar/o = eyelid; -ptosis = drooping or sagging
 
is drooping of the upper eyelid that is usually due to paralysis
23
cataract
 
the loss of transparency of the lens that causes a progressive loss of visual clarity
24
chalazion (internal stye)
 
a localized swelling inside the eyelid resulting from obstruction of a sebaceous gland; compare...
25
cochlear implant
 
is an implanted electronic device that can give a deaf person a useful auditory understanding...
26
conjunctivitis (pinkeye)
 
an inflammation of the conjunctiva that is usually caused by an infection or allergy
27
dacryoadenitis dacry/o = tear; aden = gland; -itis = inflammation
 
an inflammation of the lacrimal gland that can be caused by a bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
28
diplopia (double vision) dipl = double; opia = vision condition
 
the perception of two images of a single object
29
ectropion ec- = out; trop = turn; -ion = condition
 
the eversion of the edge of an eyelid; eversion means turning outward
30
emmetropia emmetr = in proper measure; -opia = vision condition
 
the normal relationship between the refractive power of the eye and the shape of the eye that...
31
entropion en- = in; trop = turn; -ion = condition
 
the inversion of the edge of an eyelid; inversion means turning inward
32
esotropia (cross-eyes) eso- = inward; trop = turn; -ia = abnormal condition
 
is strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of one or both eyes; esotropia is the opposite...
33
eustachitis (salpingitis)
 
is inflammation of the eustachian tube
34
exotropia (walleye) exo- = outward; trop = turn; -ia = abnormal condition
 
is strabismus characterized by the outward deviation of one eye relative to the other; exotropia...
35
fluorescein angiography
 
a radiographic study of the blood vessels in the retina of the eye following the intravenous...
36
glaucoma
 
a group of diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cause damage to the...
37
hemianopia hemi- = half; an- = without; -opia = vision
 
is blindness in one-half of the visual field
38
hordeolum (stye)
 
a pus-filled lesion on the eyelid resulting from an infection in a sebaceous gland; compare...
39
hyperopia (farsightedness)
 
a defect in which light rays focus beyond the retina; hyperopia is the opposite of myopia
40
infectious myringitis
 
a contagious inflammation that causes painful blisters on the eardrum; condition is associated...
41
iridectomy irid = iris; -ectomy = surgical removal
 
the surgical removal of a portion of the tissue of the iris
42
iritis (anterior uveitis)
 
an inflammation of the uveal tract affecting primarily structures in the front of the eye
43
keratitis
 
an inflammation of the cornea; condition can be due to many causes including bacterial, viral,...
44
labyrinthectomy
 
the surgical removal of all or a portion of the labyrinth; procedure is performed to relieve...
45
laser trabeculoplasty
 
is used to treat open-angle glaucoma by creating openings in the trabecular meshwork to allow...
46
mastoidectomy
 
the surgical removal of mastoid cells; procedure used to treat a mastoiditis that can't be...
47
myopia (nearsightedness)
 
is a defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina; occurs mostly around puberty;...
48
myringotomy
 
the surgical incision in the eardrum to create an opening for the placement of tympanostomy...
49
nyctalopia (night blindness)
 
a condition in which an individual with normal daytime vision has difficulty seeing at night
50
nystagmus
 
is an involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused...
51
ophthalmoscopy (funduscopy)
 
the visual examination of the fundus (back part) of the eye with an ophthalmoscope
52
optometrist
 
holds a Doctor of Optometry degree & specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to...
53
otitis media
 
an inflammation of the middle ear
54
otomycosis (swimmer's ear)
 
a fungal infection of the external auditory canal
55
otopyorrhea
 
the flow of pus from the ear
56
otorrhagia
 
is bleeding from the ear
57
otosclerosis
 
the ankylosis of the bones of the middle ear, resulting in a conductive hearing loss; ankylosis...
58
papilledema (choked disk)
 
swelling & inflammation of the optic nerve at the point of entrance into the eye through...
59
periorbital edema
 
swelling surrounding the eye or eyes
60
presbycusis
 
a gradual loss of sensorineural hearing that occurs as the body ages
61
presbyopia
 
the condition of common changes in the eyes that occur with aging
62
pterygium
 
a benign growth on the cornea that can become large enough to distort vision
63
radial keratotomy
 
a surgical procedure to treat myopia
64
retinopexy
 
is used to reattach the detached area in a retinal detachment
65
scleritis
 
an inflammation of the sclera; condition usually associated with infections, chemical...
66
stapedectomy
 
the surgical removal of the top portion of the stapes bone & insertion of a small prosthetic...
67
strabismus
 
a disorder in which the eyes point in different directions or are not aligned correctly because...
68
tarsorrhaphy
 
the partial or complete suturing together of the upper and lower eyelids
69
tinnitus
 
a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in one or both ears; often associated w/ hearing loss...
70
tonometry
 
the measurement of intraocular pressure; abnormally high pressure can be an indication of glaucoma
71
tympanometry
 
the use of air pressure in the ear canal to test for disorders of the middle ear
72
tympanostomy tubes (pediatric ear tubes)
 
tiny ventilating tubes placed through the eardrum to provide ongoing drainage for fluids &...
73
vertigo
 
a sense of whirling, dizziness, & the loss of balance, that is often combined w/ nausea...
74
vitrectomy
 
the removal of the vitreous fluid and its replacement with a clear solution
75
xerophthalmia (dry eye)
 
is drying of eye surfaces including the conjunctiva


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