Chapter 11 Medical Terminology

84 cards

medical term. sentence.


 
  
Created May 22, 2009
by
britt0359

 

 
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1
urinary system
 
regulates composition of the extracellular fluids by removing their harmful substances from...
2
erythropoietin
 
secreted by the kidneys and acts on bone marrow to stimulate production of RBCs
3
nephrons
 
filtering units of the kidney
4
renal artery
 
carries blood that contains waste products to nephrons for filtering, after waste is removed...
5
renal pelvis
 
cavity where ureter merges with the kidney for urine passage
6
ureter
 
slender tube that carries urine to the bladder
7
urinary bladder
 
acts as a temporary reservior for urine
8
urethra
 
tube that discharges urine from the bladder
9
nephron
 
clears and filters blood, there are approx. 1 million nephrons in the kidney
10
testosterone
 
male hormone that is essential in the development of sperm and secondary sex characteristics
11
testes
 
located in the scrotum and contains seminiferous tubules that produce sperm
12
seminiferous tubules
 
produce sperm
13
vas deferens
 
formed by the epididymis to transport sperm
14
seminal vesicle
 
contains nutrients that support sperm viability
15
Three functions of a nephron
 
1. Filtration2. Reabsorption3. Secretion
16
prostate gland
 
secretes a thin, alkaline substance
17
cyst/o
 
bladder
18
vesic/o
 
bladder
19
glomerul/o
 
golmerulus
20
lith/o
 
stone, calculus
21
meat/o
 
opening
22
nephr/o
 
kidney
23
ren/o
 
kidney
24
pyle/o
 
renal pelvis
25
ur/o
 
urine, urinary tract
26
ureter/o
 
ureter
27
urethr/o
 
urethra
28
andr/o
 
male
29
balan/o
 
glans penis
30
epididym/o
 
epididymis
31
orch/o
 
testical
32
orchi/o
 
testical
33
orchid/o
 
testical
34
test/o
 
testical
35
perine/o
 
perineum
36
prostat/o
 
prostate gland
37
spermat/o
 
sperm cells
38
sperm/o
 
sperm cells
39
varic/o
 
dilated vein
40
vas/o 
 
vessel, vas deferens, duct
41
vesicul/o
 
seminal vesicle
42
albumin/o
 
albumin, protein
43
azot/o
 
nitrogenous compounds
44
bacteri/o
 
bacteria
45
crypt/o
 
hidden
46
gonad/o
 
gonads, sex glands
47
kal/i
 
potassium
48
keton/o
 
ketone bodies
49
noct/o
 
night
50
oilg/o
 
scanty (decreased production)
51
py/o
 
pus
52
-cide
 
killing
53
-genesis
 
forming, producing, origin
54
-iasis
 
abnormal condition
55
-ism
 
condition
56
-spadias
 
slit, fissure
57
-uria
 
urine
58
dia-
 
through, across
59
retro-
 
backward, behind
60
urologist
 
doctor who specializes in treatment of genitourinary disorders
61
pyelonephritis
 
most common form of kidney disease known as kidney infection
62
nephrolithiasis
 
kidney stone
63
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
 
associated with the aging process
64
cryptochidism
 
failure of testes to descend into the scrotum prior to birth
65
anuria
 
absence of urine production or output
66
azotemia
 
retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood (also called uremia)
67
chronic renal failure
 
occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to work
68
dysuria
 
painful or difficult urination
69
enuresis
 
involuntary discharge of urine (incontinence)
70
hydronephrosis
 
water in kidney
71
urgency
 
feeling of the need to urinate (UTI)
72
anorchidism
 
congenital absence of one or both testes (anorchia or anorchism)
73
erectile dysfunction (ED)
 
inability to initiate or maintain an erection
74
hypospadias
 
urethra opens on the underside of the penis
75
sterility
 
inability to produce offspring
76
digital rectal examination (DRE)
 
assess rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas that might indicate cancer
77
cystoscopy (cysto)
 
endoscopy of bladder for evidence of pathology, obtaining biopsies of tumors or other growths,...
78
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
 
blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostatic cancer
79
urinalysis
 
test performed on a urine specimen, including physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic...
80
dialysis
 
medical procedure used to filter toxic substances from bloodstream
81
circumcision
 
removal of all or part of the foreskin
82
vasectomy
 
excision of all or a segment of the vas deferens
83
antibiotics
 
treat bacterial infections of the urinary tract by acting on the bacterial membrane or one...
84
diuretics
 
promote and increase urine excretion

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