Chapter 11 Medical Terminology

Medical Term. Sentence.
 
Created May 22, 2009
by britt0359
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urinary system
regulates composition of the extracellular fluids by removing their harmful substances from...
erythropoietin
secreted by the kidneys and acts on bone marrow to stimulate production of RBCs
nephrons
filtering units of the kidney
renal artery
carries blood that contains waste products to nephrons for filtering, after waste is removed...
renal pelvis
cavity where ureter merges with the kidney for urine passage
ureter
slender tube that carries urine to the bladder
urinary bladder
acts as a temporary reservior for urine
urethra
tube that discharges urine from the bladder
nephron
clears and filters blood, there are approx. 1 million nephrons in the kidney
testosterone
male hormone that is essential in the development of sperm and secondary sex characteristics
testes
located in the scrotum and contains seminiferous tubules that produce sperm
seminiferous tubules
produce sperm
vas deferens
formed by the epididymis to transport sperm
seminal vesicle
contains nutrients that support sperm viability
Three functions of a nephron
1. Filtration2. Reabsorption3. Secretion
prostate gland
secretes a thin, alkaline substance
cyst/o
bladder
vesic/o
bladder
glomerul/o
golmerulus
lith/o
stone, calculus
meat/o
opening
nephr/o
kidney
ren/o
kidney
pyle/o
renal pelvis
ur/o
urine, urinary tract
ureter/o
ureter
urethr/o
urethra
andr/o
male
balan/o
glans penis
epididym/o
epididymis
orch/o
testical
orchi/o
testical
orchid/o
testical
test/o
testical
perine/o
perineum
prostat/o
prostate gland
spermat/o
sperm cells
sperm/o
sperm cells
varic/o
dilated vein
vas/o 
vessel, vas deferens, duct
vesicul/o
seminal vesicle
albumin/o
albumin, protein
azot/o
nitrogenous compounds
bacteri/o
bacteria
crypt/o
hidden
gonad/o
gonads, sex glands
kal/i
potassium
keton/o
ketone bodies
noct/o
night
oilg/o
scanty (decreased production)
py/o
pus
-cide
killing
-genesis
forming, producing, origin
-iasis
abnormal condition
-ism
condition
-spadias
slit, fissure
-uria
urine
dia-
through, across
retro-
backward, behind
urologist
doctor who specializes in treatment of genitourinary disorders
pyelonephritis
most common form of kidney disease known as kidney infection
nephrolithiasis
kidney stone
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
associated with the aging process
cryptochidism
failure of testes to descend into the scrotum prior to birth
anuria
absence of urine production or output
azotemia
retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds in the blood (also called uremia)
chronic renal failure
occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to work
dysuria
painful or difficult urination
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine (incontinence)
hydronephrosis
water in kidney
urgency
feeling of the need to urinate (UTI)
anorchidism
congenital absence of one or both testes (anorchia or anorchism)
erectile dysfunction (ED)
inability to initiate or maintain an erection
hypospadias
urethra opens on the underside of the penis
sterility
inability to produce offspring
digital rectal examination (DRE)
assess rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas that might indicate cancer
cystoscopy (cysto)
endoscopy of bladder for evidence of pathology, obtaining biopsies of tumors or other growths,...
prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
blood test used to detect prostatic disorders, especially prostatic cancer
urinalysis
test performed on a urine specimen, including physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic...
dialysis
medical procedure used to filter toxic substances from bloodstream
circumcision
removal of all or part of the foreskin
vasectomy
excision of all or a segment of the vas deferens
antibiotics
treat bacterial infections of the urinary tract by acting on the bacterial membrane or one...
diuretics
promote and increase urine excretion


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