Chapter 10 - The Nervous System

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Medical Terminology - Chapter 10 - The Nervous System


 
  
Created Apr 13, 2011
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blue_dolphin1222

 

 
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1
caus/o
 
burning, burn
2
concuss/o
 
shaken together, violently agitated
3
contus/o
 
bruise
4
encephal/o
 
brain
5
-esthesia
 
sensation, feeling
6
esthet/o
 
feeling, nervous sensation, sense of perception
7
-graphy
 
the process of producing a picture or record
8
klept/o
 
to steal
9
-mania
 
obsessive preoccupation
10
mening/o
 
membranes, meninges
11
myel/o
 
spinal cord, bone marrow
12
neur/i, neur/o
 
nerve, nerve tissue
13
-phobia
 
abnormal fear
14
psych/o
 
mind
15
-tropic
 
having an affinity for
16

acrophobia

acr/o = top; -phobia = abnormal fear

 
an excessive fear of being in high places
17
Alzheimer's disease
 
a group of disorders involving the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, & language;...
18
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)
 
rapidly progressive neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling...
19

anesthetic

an- = without; esthet = feeling; -ic = pertaining to

 
the medication used to induce anesthesia; the anesthetic may be topical, local, regional, or...
20

anesthetist

an- = without; esthet = feeling; -ist = specialist

 
a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia, but is not a physician;...
21
anxiety disorders
 
mental conditions characterized by excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations, or fear...
22
autism (autistic disorders)
 
a group of conditions in which a young child can't develop normal social relationships, compulsively...
23
Bell's palsy
 
the temporary paralysis of the 7th cranial nerve that causes paralysis only of the affected...
24

carotid ultrasonography

ultra- = beyond; son/o = sound; -graphy = process of producing...

 
ultrasound study of the carotid artery; diagnostic test is performed to detect plaque buildup...
25

causalgia

caus = burning; -algia = pain

 
persistent, severe burning pain that usually follows an injury to a sensory nerve
26

cerebral contusion

concuss = shaken together; -ion = condition or state of

 
the bruising of brain tissue as the result of head injury that causes the brain to bounce against...
27
cerebral palsy
 
condition characterized by poor muscle control, spasticity, speech defects, & other neurologic...
28
cerebrovascular accident (stroke or CVA)
 
damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted because a blood...
29

cervical radiculopathy

radicul/o = nerve root; -pathy = disease

 
is nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region
30

claustrophobia

claustr/o = barrier; -phobia = abnormal fear

 
an abnormal fear of being in narrow or enclosed spaces
31
cognition
 
describes the mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory
32
coma
 
a profound (deep) state of unconsciousness marked by the absence of spontaneous eye movements,...
33

concussion

concuss = shaken together; -ion = condition or state of

 
a violent shaking up or jarring of the brain; may result in a temporary loss of awareness...
34

cranial hematoma

hemat = blood; -oma = tumor

 
a collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain
35
delirium
 
an acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking & memory, agitation...
36
delirium tremens
 
a disorder involving sudden & severe mental changes or seizures caused by abruptly stopping...
37
delusion
 
a false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof or evidence to the contrary;...
38
dementia
 
a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, & judgment;...
39

dura mater

dura = hard; mater = mother

 
the thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges; inner surface of cranium is lined w/...
40
dyslexia (developmental reading disorder)
 
a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability...
41

echoencephalography

ech/o = sound; encephal/o = brain; -graphy = process of producing...

 
is the use of ultrasound imaging to diagnose a shift in the midline structures of the brain
42

electroencephalography

electr/o = electric

 
the process of recording the electrical activity of the brain through the use of electrodes...
43

encephalitis

encelphal = brain; -itis = inflammation

 

an inflammation of the brain, can be caused by a viral infection such as rabies

*...

44
epidural anesthesia
 
regional anesthesia produced by injecting a local anesthetic into the epidural space of the...
45
epilepsy (seizure disorder)
 
a chronic neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures of varying...
46
factitious disorder
 
a condition in which an individual acts as if he or she has a physical or mental illness when...
47
Guillain-Barre syndrome (infectious polyneuritis)
 
an inflammation of the myelin sheath of peripheral nerves, characterized by rapidly worsening...
48
hallucination
 
is a sensory perception (sight, touch, sound, smell, or taste) experienced in the absence of...
49
hemorrhagic stroke (bleed)
 
occurs when a blood vessel in the brain leaks; a bleed also occurs when an aneurysm with the...
50

hydrocephalus

hydr/o = water; cephal = head; -us = singular noun ending

 
a condition in which excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain;...
51

hyperesthesia

hyper- = excessive; -esthesia = sensation or feeling

 
a condition of abnormal and excessive sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli
52
hypochondriasis
 
is characterized by fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation...
53
ischemic stroke
 
the most common type of stroke in older people, occurs when the flow of blood to the brain...
54
lethargy
 
is a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, drowsiness, & apathy
55

meningitis

mening = meninges; -itis = inflammation

 
an inflammation of the meninges of the brain & spinal cord; can be fatal, usually caused...
56

meningocele

mening/o = meninges; -cele = hernia

 
the congenital herniation of the meninges through a defect in the skull or spinal column; compare...
57
migraine headache
 
can be preceded by a warning aura, characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head
58
multiple sclerosis
 
a progressive autoimmune disorder characterized by inflammation that causes demyelination of...
59

myelitis

myel = spinal cord & bone marrow; -itis = inflammation

 
an inflammation of the spinal cord; also means inflammation of bone marrow
60
myelography
 
a radiographic study of the spinal cord after the injection of a contrast medium through a...
61

narcolepsy

narc/o = stupor; -lepsy = seizure

 
a sleep disorder consisting of sudden & uncontrollable brief episodes of falling asleep...
62
neurostransmitters
 
chemical substances that make it possible for messages to cross from the synapse of a neuron...
63
obsessive-compulsive disorder
 
an axiety disorder characterized by recurrent, unwanted obsessions and/or recurrent compulsions
64
panic attack
 
characterized by a group of intense emotional feelings that include apprehension, fearfulness,...
65

paresthesia

par- = abnormal; -esthesia = sensation or feeling

 
refers to a burning or prickling sensation that is usually felt in the hands, arms, legs, or...
66
Parkinson's disease (PD)
 
a chronic, degenerative central nervous disorder characterized by fine muscle tremors,...
67
peripheral neuropathy (peripheral neuritis)
 
a disorder of the nerves that carry information to & from the brain and spinal cord; produces...
68
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
 
may develop after an event involving actual or threatened death or injury to the individual...
69
Reye's syndrome (RS)
 
a potentially serious or deadly disorder in children that is characterized by vomiting &...
70
schizophrenia
 
a psychotic disorder usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of...
71
sciatica
 
inflammation of the sciatic nerve that results in pain, burning, & tingling along the course...
72
shaken baby syndrome
 
describes the results of a child being violently shaken by someone; action can cause brain...
73
syncope (fainting)
 
the brief loss of consciousness caused by the decreased flow of blood to the brain
74

trichotillomania

trichotill/o = related to hair; -mania = madness

 
a disorder characterized by the repeated pulling out of one's own hair
75
trigeminal neuralgia
 
characterized by severe lightning-like pain due to an inflammation of the 5th cranial nerve;...

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