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Chapter 1: The Structure Of Medical Language

 
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Side ASide B
appendic/o-
appendix
arthr/o-
Joint
cardi/o-
Heart  
cutane/o-
skin
esthes/o-
sensation, feeling
gastr/o-
Stomach
hemat/o-
Blood
hepat/o-
liver
laryng/o-
larnx (voice box)
mast/o-
breast, mastoid process
nat/o-
birth
neur/o-
nerve
pneumon/o-
lung; air
psych/o-
mind
retin/o-
retaina (of the eye)
tonsill/o-
tonsil
trache/o-
trachea (windpipe)
urin/o-
urine, urinary system
ven/o-
vein
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-ar
pertaining to
-ary
pertaining to
-ation
a process; being or having
-ous
pertaning to
-tic
pertaining to
-ia
condition, state, thing
-ion
action; condition
-ism
process; disease from a specific cause
-itis
infammation of
-megaly
enlargement
-oma
tumor, mass
-osis
condition; abnormal; condition; process
-pathy
disease, suffering
-ectomy
surgical excision
-graphy
process of recording
-scopy
process of  using an instrument to examine
-iatry
medical treatment
-itian
a skilled professional or expert
-ology
the study of
endo-
innermost, within
intra-
within
peri-
around
sub-
below; underneath; less than
an-
without, not
hyper-
above; more than normal
hypo-
below; deficient
poly-
many, much
brady-
slow
pre-
before; in front of
post-
after, behind
tachy-
fast
anti-
against
dys-
painful, difficult, abnormal
change the term nucleus to plural
nuclei
Change the term atrium to a plural
atria
Change the term bacterium to a plural
bacteria
Change the term diagnosis to a plural
diagnoses
Change the term testis to a plural
testes
Change the term helix to a plural
helices
Change the term apex to a plural
apices
Change the tern phalanx to a plural
phalanges
Change the term ganglion to a plural
ganglia
Change the term carcinoma to a plural
carcinomata
Singuar term: bura
Plural term: bursae
Singular term: scapula
Plural term: scapulae
Singular term: vertebra
Plural term: vertebrae
Singular term:  bronchus
Plural term: bronchi
Singular term:  musculus
Plural term:  musculi
Singular term:  nucleus
Plural term:  nuclei
Singular term:  atrium
Plural term: atria
Singular term:  bacterium
Plural term:  bacteria
Abbreviation for A
assessment
Abbreviation for CC
Chief complaint
Abbreviation for CPR
Computerized patient records
Abbreviation for DS
Discharge Summary
Abbreviation for Dx
Diagnosis
Abbreviation for EHR
Electronic Health Record
Abbreviation for EPR
Electronic Patient Record
Abbreviation for H
History & Physical Examination
Abbreviation for HIPAA
Health Insurance Portability amd Accountability Act
Abbreviation for HPI
history of present illness
Abbreviation for O
Objective
Abbreviation for P
Plan
Abbreviation for PE
Physical Examination


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