Chapter 1: The Structure Of Medical Language


 
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appendic/o-
 
appendix
arthr/o-
 
Joint
cardi/o-
 
Heart
cutane/o-
 
skin
esthes/o-
 
sensation, feeling
gastr/o-
 
Stomach
hemat/o-
 
Blood
hepat/o-
 
liver
laryng/o-
 
larnx (voice box)
mast/o-
 
breast, mastoid process
nat/o-
 
birth
neur/o-
 
nerve
pneumon/o-
 
lung; air
psych/o-
 
mind
retin/o-
 
retaina (of the eye)
tonsill/o-
 
tonsil
trache/o-
 
trachea (windpipe)
urin/o-
 
urine, urinary system
ven/o-
 
vein
-ac
 
pertaining to
-al
 
pertaining to
-ar
 
pertaining to
-ary
 
pertaining to
-ation
 
a process; being or having
-ous
 
pertaning to
-tic
 
pertaining to
-ia
 
condition, state, thing
-ion
 
action; condition
-ism
 
process; disease from a specific cause
-itis
 
infammation of
-megaly
 
enlargement
-oma
 
tumor, mass
-osis
 
condition; abnormal; condition; process
-pathy
 
disease, suffering
-ectomy
 
surgical excision
-graphy
 
process of recording
-scopy
 
process of using an instrument to examine
-iatry
 
medical treatment
-itian
 
a skilled professional or expert
-ology
 
the study of
endo-
 
innermost, within
intra-
 
within
peri-
 
around
sub-
 
below; underneath; less than
an-
 
without, not
hyper-
 
above; more than normal
hypo-
 
below; deficient
poly-
 
many, much
brady-
 
slow
pre-
 
before; in front of
post-
 
after, behind
tachy-
 
fast
anti-
 
against
dys-
 
painful, difficult, abnormal
change the term nucleus to plural
 
nuclei
Change the term atrium to a plural
 
atria
Change the term bacterium to a plural
 
bacteria
Change the term diagnosis to a plural
 
diagnoses
Change the term testis to a plural
 
testes
Change the term helix to a plural
 
helices
Change the term apex to a plural
 
apices
Change the tern phalanx to a plural
 
phalanges
Change the term ganglion to a plural
 
ganglia
Change the term carcinoma to a plural
 
carcinomata
Singuar term: bura
 
Plural term: bursae
Singular term: scapula
 
Plural term: scapulae
Singular term: vertebra
 
Plural term: vertebrae
Singular term: bronchus
 
Plural term: bronchi
Singular term: musculus
 
Plural term: musculi
Singular term: nucleus
 
Plural term: nuclei
Singular term: atrium
 
Plural term: atria
Singular term: bacterium
 
Plural term: bacteria
Abbreviation for A
 
assessment
Abbreviation for CC
 
Chief complaint
Abbreviation for CPR
 
Computerized patient records
Abbreviation for DS
 
Discharge Summary
Abbreviation for Dx
 
Diagnosis
Abbreviation for EHR
 
Electronic Health Record
Abbreviation for EPR
 
Electronic Patient Record
Abbreviation for H
 
History & Physical Examination
Abbreviation for HIPAA
 
Health Insurance Portability amd Accountability Act
Abbreviation for HPI
 
history of present illness
Abbreviation for O
 
Objective
Abbreviation for P
 
Plan
Abbreviation for PE
 
Physical Examination
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