Chapter 1 Legal And Ethical

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Chapter 1 Legal And Ethical

Legal And Ethical Issues In Health Occupations Vacabulary

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Arbitration
 
The process of resolving issues in conflict in a more structured setting like formal litigtion
Autonomy
 
Independence or freedom of one's will and actions
Beneficence
 
Doing good or kindness
Defendant
 
The person or entity sued.
Bioethics
 
Ethics that deal with patients and health care
Good Samaritan Law
 
Provides immunity for those that render health care for an emergency or disaster without reimbursement.
Ethical Dilemma
 
complex situation that will often involve an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives, in which to obey one would result in transgressing another
Ethics
 
Declarations of what is right or wrong and of what ought to be
Facilitation
 
The process by which a facilitator, a third party, assists in the resolution of the dispute
Malpractice
 
Dereliction of professional duty through negligence, ignorance, or criminal intent.
Plaintiff
 
The person or entity bringing the suit or claim.
Informed Consent
 
The process of providing adequate information for a patient in an understandable fashion to enable the patient to make an informed decision about whether to accept or refuse a proposed treatment
Respondeat Superior
 
Legal doctrine that means "let the master answer"; used to hold the employer responsible and liable for the negligent acts of its employees.
Tort
 
A civil wrong, other than breach of contract; a tort is a harm against a person, whereas a crime is a harm agains the state.
Liability
 
An individual's responsibility of his or her conduct for failure to meet a standard of care or for failure to perform a duty that causes harm to a client
Living Will
 
Document in which the patient describes his or her wishes regarding life-sustaining treatment
Mediation
 
The process in which a neutral third party facilitates and assists parties in resolving a dispute
Quasi-intentional Torts
 
Defamation, invasion of privacy, and breach of confidentialty. Quasi means resembling and these types of torts are based on speech
Intentional Torts
 
Require that there be an intentional interference with one's person, reputation, or property
Morals
 
Ideas about right and wrong
Negotiation
 
Any communitation used in an attempt to achieve a goal, appraoval, or action by another
Nonmaleficence
 
Do no harm
Battery
 
A harmful or offensive touching of another without his or her consent or without a legally justifiable reason; an intentional tort
Assault
 
Placing someone in immediate fear or apprehension of a harmful or noxious touching without that person's consent; an intentional tort