Ch. 18 Chemical Texture Services Test

Ch. 18 Test
Changes are done, please view the flashcard.

Preview Flashcards

A method of wrapping a permanent wave that is suitable for very long hair is the..
double tool technique.
Hair texture describes the ______ of a single strand of hair and is classified as fine, medium, or course.
The polypeptide chains are long chains of amino acids joined together by..
peptide bonds.
The main active ingredient in acid balanced wave lotion is..
glycerol monothioglycolate.
Ask _________ that allow you to find out why the client wants the texture service and what results are expected.
open ended questions
The action of waving lotion is to..
expand the hair.
End wraps are absorbent papers used to ________ of the hair when wrapping and winding on the perm tool.
control the ends
If too many _____ bonds are broken in the perming process, the hair will be too weak to hold a firm curl.
_____ rods hace a small diameter in the center area and gradually increase to their largest diameter at the ends, resulting in a tighter curl at hair ends, with a looser, wider curl at the scalp.
Base control refers to the position of the tool in relation to its ______ and is determined by the angle at which the hair is wrapped.
base section
What can be used to determine the actual processing time needed to achieve optimum curl results when giving a perm for the first time on a client?
Preliminary test curl.
If you suspect metallic salts are present mix 1 ounce of 20 volume of peroxide with 20 drops of 28% _____ and emerge at least 20 strands for 30 mins.
When preforming a procedur for a preliminary test curl, wrap one tool in each different area of the head including the top, the sides, and the..
In order to make a smooth transition from the rolled section of the head to an unrolled section, use a larger tool for the last tool next to an unrolled section when giving a..
partial perm.
An _____ liquid protein conditioner can be applied to the hair and dried under a warm dryer for 5 min or more prior to neutralization if hair is damaged.
Bonds that are formed when the sulfur atoms into 2 adjacent polypeptide chains are joined together are known as..
disulfide bands.
Many male clients are looking for added ______, fullness, style and low maintenance that only a perm can provide.
If the hair is not ____ the hydrogen peroxide in the neutralizer can react with waving lotion and cause the hair color to lighten.
rinsed properly
Some manufactures recommend the application of a __________ after blotting and before application of the neutralizer.
pre-neutralizing conditioner.
When the strand of the hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base section it will result in _____.
on base placement
In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrates the hair, within the first _____.
5-10 MINS
The length of time required for the hair strands to absorb the waving lotion and for the hair to re-curl is called ________
processing time.
The ____ wrap is done at an angle that causes the hair to spiral along the length of the tool, like the grip on a tennis racket.
What type of hair requires more processing then medium or fine hair and may also be more resistant to processing?
course texture
Always rinse perm solution from the hair for at least ____ before applying the neutralizer.
5 mins
The ____ wrap is used to prevent noticeable splits and to blend the flow of the hair.
brick lay
Relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between opposite charges are ______.
hydrogen bonds.
All perm wraps begin by sectioning th hair into panels which are further divided into subsections called ___
Base sections.
Neutralization rebuilds the _____ by removing extra hydrogen bonds created by the waving solution.
disulfide bonds
When hair has assumed the desired shape, the broken disulfide bonds must be ______ re-bonded.
The main active ingredient or reducing agent in an alkaline perm is ________.
ammonium thiodlycolate
Waves that process more quickly and produce firmer curls than a true acid wave are considered to be ______.
acid balance.
If hair breaks under very slight strain it has __________.
little to no elasticity.
The degree to which hair absorbs the waving lotion is related to its ______.
A perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hair hood type hair dryer is known as ______.
A perm that is activated by heat created chemically within the product is known as ______
The ________ wrap uses zig zag partings to divide base areas.
weave technique
the basic perm wrap is also called a _______
straight set wrap.
When the strand of hair is wrapped at an angle 90 degrees (perpendicular) to it's base section, it will result in ________
half off base placement.
Qhen one end paper is folded in half over the hair ends like an envelope, it is called the ______
book end wrap
When you place one end wrap on top of the hair strand and hold it flat it is called _______
single flat wrap.
Chemical bonds that join amino acids together to form pollypeptide chains are ______
peptide bonds.
Perming only a section of a whole head of hair is called _____
partial perming.
In neutralization, the bonds in the hair are reformed ______
Under processing is caused by _______ processing time of waving lotion.
The ______wrap creates a movement that curves within sectioned out panels.
What type of hair is more fragile, easier to process, and ore susceptible to damage from perm services?
fine textures
The chemical action of _______ breaks the disulfide bonds and softens the hair.
waving lotion
metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause ______, severe discoloration or hair breakage.
uneven curls
Straight rods are equal in _______

Upgrade and get a lot more done!