Ch. 18 Chemical Texture Services Test

Ch. 18 Test
Created May 26, 2011
by kpell90
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Side ASide B
A method of wrapping a permanent wave that is suitable for very long hair is the..
double tool technique.
Hair texture describes the ______ of a single strand of hair and is classified as fine, medium,...
diameter
The polypeptide chains are long chains of amino acids joined together by..
peptide bonds.
The main active ingredient in acid balanced wave lotion is..
glycerol monothioglycolate.
Ask _________ that allow you to find out why the client wants the texture service and what...
open ended questions 
The action of waving lotion is to..
expand the hair.
End wraps are absorbent papers used to ________ of the hair when wrapping and winding on the...
control the ends
If too many _____ bonds are broken in the perming process, the hair will be too weak to hold...
disulfide 
_____ rods hace a small diameter in the center area and gradually increase to their largest...
Concave
Base control refers  to the position of the tool in relation to its ______  and is...
base section
What can be used to determine the actual processing time needed to achieve optimum curl results...
Preliminary test curl.
If you suspect metallic salts are present mix 1 ounce of 20 volume of peroxide with 20 drops...
ammonia
When preforming a procedur for a preliminary test curl, wrap one tool in each different area...
nape. 
In order to make a smooth transition from the rolled section of the head to an unrolled section,...
partial perm. 
An _____ liquid protein conditioner can be applied to the hair and dried under a warm dryer...
acidic 
Bonds that are formed when the sulfur atoms into 2 adjacent polypeptide chains are joined together...
disulfide bands. 
Many male clients are looking for added ______, fullness, style and low maintenance  that...
texture
If the hair is not ____ the hydrogen peroxide in the neutralizer can react with waving lotion...
rinsed properly 
Some manufactures recommend the application of a __________ after blotting and before application...
pre-neutralizing conditioner. 
When the strand of the hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base...
on base placement
In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrates...
5-10 MINS
The length of time required for the  hair strands to absorb the waving lotion and for...
processing time.
The ____ wrap is done at an angle that causes the hair to spiral along the length of the tool,...
spiral
What type of hair requires more processing then medium or fine hair and may also be more resistant...
course texture
Always rinse perm solution from the hair for at least ____ before applying the neutralizer.
5 mins
The ____ wrap is used to prevent noticeable splits and to blend the flow of the hair.
brick lay
Relatively weak physical side bonds that are the result of an attraction between opposite charges...
hydrogen bonds. 
All perm wraps begin by sectioning th hair into panels which are further divided into subsections...
Base sections.
Neutralization rebuilds the _____ by removing extra hydrogen bonds created by the waving solution.
disulfide bonds
When hair has assumed the desired shape, the broken disulfide bonds must be ______ re-bonded. 
chemically
The main active ingredient or reducing agent in an alkaline perm is ________.
ammonium thiodlycolate 
Waves that process more quickly and produce firmer curls than a true acid wave are considered...
acid balance.
If hair breaks under very slight strain it has __________.
little to no elasticity. 
The degree to which hair absorbs the waving lotion is related to its ______.
porosity
A perm activated by an outside heat source, usually a conventional hair hood type hair dryer...
endothermic
A perm that is activated by heat created chemically within the product is known as ______
eothermic.
The ________ wrap uses zig zag partings to divide base areas. 
weave technique
the basic perm wrap is also called a _______
straight set wrap.
When the strand of hair is wrapped at an angle 90 degrees (perpendicular) to it's base section,...
half off base placement.
Qhen one end paper is folded in half over the hair ends like an envelope, it is called the...
book end wrap
When you place one end wrap on top of the hair strand and hold it flat it is called _______
single flat wrap.
Chemical bonds that join amino acids together to form pollypeptide chains are ______
peptide bonds.
Perming only a section of a whole head of hair is called _____
partial perming.
In neutralization, the bonds in the hair are reformed ______
immediately
Under processing is caused by _______ processing time of waving lotion. 
Insufficient
The ______wrap creates a movement that curves within sectioned out panels.
curvature
What type of hair is more fragile, easier to process, and ore susceptible to damage from perm...
fine textures
The chemical action of _______ breaks the disulfide bonds and softens the hair.
waving lotion 
metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause ______, severe discoloration or hair...
uneven curls
Straight rods are equal in _______
diameter. 


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