Ch 12 Psych Of Perception--Sound Localizatio

29 cards

Psych of Perception


 
  
Created Apr 14, 2010
by
mkim366

 

 
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1
Acoustic Shadow
 
the shadow created by the head that decreases the level of high-frequency sounds on the opposite...
2
Architectural acoustics
 
the study of how sounds are reflected in rooms. an important concern for this is how these...
3
auditory localization
 
the perception of the location of a sound source
4
auditory scene
 
the sound environment, which includes the location and qualities of individual sound sources
5
auditory scene analysis
 
the process by which listeners sort superimposed vibrations into separate sounds



6
auditory space
 
perception of where sounds are located in space. ______ extends around a listener's head in...
7
auditory stream segregation
 
the effect that occurs when a series of tones that differ in pitch or timbre are played so...
8
azimuth coordinate
 
in hearing, specifies location that vary from left to right relative to the listener
9
sounbinaural cue
 
sound localization that involves both ears
10
cone of confusion
 
a surface in the shape of a cone that extends out from the ear. Sounds originating from different...
11
direct sound
 
sound that is transmitted directly from a sound source to the ears
12
distance coordinate
 
in hearing, this coordinate specifies how far the sound source is from the listener
13
elevation coordinate
 
in hearing, sound locations that are up and down relative to the listener
14
indirect sound
 
sound that reaches the ears after being reflected from a surface such as a room's walls
15
interaural level of difference (ILD)
 
the greater level of a sound at the closer ear when a sound source is positioned closer to...
16
Interaural time difference (ITD)
 
when a sound is positioned closer to one ear than to the other, the sound reaches the close...
17
Location cue
 
in hearing, characteristics of the sound reaching the listener that provide information regarding...
18
Melodic channeling
 
also called scale illusion
19
Melody schema
 
a representation of a familar melody that is stored in a person's memory. Existence of a melody...
20
Monaural cue
 
sound localization cue that involves one ear
21
Onset time
 
the time at which a specific tone starts. when two tones start at different times, this provides...
22
precedence effect
 
the effect that occurs when two identical or very similar sounds reach a listener's ears separated...
23
principles of auditory grouping
 
Principles such as similarity and good continuation that operate to group sounds into perceptual...
24
reverberation time
 
the time it takes for a sound produced in an enclosed space to decrease to 1/1000th of its...
25
scale illusion
 
an illusion that occurs when successive notes of a scale are presented alternately to the left...
26
signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio
 
the level of a sound signal in decibels minus the level of background noise in decibels
27
spectral cue
 
in hearing, the distribution of frequencies reaching the ear that are associated with specific...
28
ventriloquism effect
 
also called visual capture
29
visual capture
 
when sound is heard coming from its seen location, even though it is actually originating somewhere...


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