Cartilage- A Type Of Connective Tissue

23 cards

A Specialized Form Of Connective Tissue.


 
  
Created Feb 12, 2010
by
jessydeg

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
Chondrocytes
 
Cells that make up cartilage; synthesize and secrete the extra cellular matrix, located in...
2
List  three forms of Cartilage
 
Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage
3
Describe Hyaline Cartilage
 
Hyaline Cartilage, the most common form of cartilage where type two collagen is the principle...
4
Describe Elastic Cartilage
 
Elastic Cartilage is more pliable and distensible and posess an abundance of elastic fibers...
5
Describe Fibrocartilage
 
Fibrocartilage is characterised by a matrix containing a dense network of coarse type one collagen...
6
Perichondrium
 
Perichondrium- a sheath of dense connective tissue that surrounds cartilage in most places...
7
Epiphseal plates
 
Epiphseal plates or ends of long bones where hyaline cartilage is formed.
8
Where can Hyaline Cartilage be found?
 
Located in the articular surface of the movable joints, walls of the respiratory passages,...
9
Describe the Matrix of hyaline cartilage.
 
40% of dry weight consists of collagen embedded in a firm, hydrated gel of proteoglycans and...
10
Proteoglycan aggregates
 
 long molecules of hyaluronic acidthat can be found associated with more than 200 proteoglycans.
11
Chondronectin
 
structural glycoprotien, that binds specifically to glycosaminoglycans and collagen type 2,...
12
Territorial / Capsular matrix
 
the periferal zone of cartilage matrix surrounding each chondrocyte rich in glycosaminoglicans...
13
Describe Hyaline Perichondrium
 
covers all hyline cartilage except that of the articular cartilage of joints.  Essential...
14
Chondrocytes
 
Responsible for the synthesis of collagens and other matrix molecules. function depends on...
15
How do hormones influence the function of Chondrocytes?
 
Synthesis of sulphated  glycosaminoglycans is accelerated by growth hormone, thyroxin...
16
Describe processes attributable to growth of cartilage.
 
- Interstitial growth, results from the mitotic division of preexisting chondrocytes - Appositional...
17
Compare the processes of interstitial and appositional growth.
 
- Interstitial growth, results from the mitotic division of preexisting chondrocytes - Appositional...
18
Explain the poor rate of regeneration of cartilage tissue.
 
with the exception of young children, damaged cartilage regenerates with difficulty and often...
19
Where can Elastic Cartilage be found?
 
- found in the auricle of the ear, the walls of the external auditory canals, the auditory...
20
Where can fibro cartilage be found?
 
is always associated with dense connective tissue Interverttebral disks, in attachment of...
21
How does the arrangement of fibro cartilage differ from other forms of cartilage?
 
Contains chondrocytes, either singly or in isogenous groups, usually arranged in long rows...
22
Annulus Fibrosus
 
 Component of intervertebral disks has an external layer of dense connective tissue, but...
23
Nucleus pulposus
 
Situated in the center of the annulus fibrosus. derived from the embryonic notochord and consists...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel