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Side ASide B
Inability to adequately perform a given function or action
Thin, flattened structure, term used to sescribe the leaf-shaped structures that compose a heart valve.
Tubular space or channel within any organ or structure of the body; space within an artery, vein, intestine, or tube.
Vague, uneasy feeling of body weakness, distress, or discomfort, commonly marking the onset of and persisting through a disease
Blockage of a canal, vessel, or passage of the body; the state of being closed.
Open and unblocked, such as a patent artery.
Preventative measure or technique comonly involving the use of a biologic, chemical, or mechanical agent.
before, in front of
State of being sticky or gummy
a widening, a widened blood vessel
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
ventricle (of the heart or brain)
instrument for recording
process of recording
Localized abnormal dilation of vessel, usually an artery.
condition of being stopped
Loss of effective cardiac function, which results in cessation of circulation.
Cessation of the circulation of blood due to ventricular standstill or fibrillation.
Inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm, possibly including a rapid, slow, or skipped beat.
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood. Murmur.
Disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function.
Thin, flexible, hollow tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubular structure.
Narrowing of a vessel, escpecially the aorta.
Failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs.
Mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel.
Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual contractions.
Arrest of bleeding or circulation
Excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides) in the blood.
Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140 systolic or 90 diastolic.
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause, also called essential hypertension
Hypertension that results from an underlying , identifiable, commonly correctable cause.
hypertensive heart disease
Any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension, including left ventricular hypertrophy, and others.
implantable cardioverter-debibrillator (ICD)
Implantable battery-powered device that monitors and, if necessary, corrects an irregular heart rhythm by sending impulses to the heart.
Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply.
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction.
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
Condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole.
Chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through a body or structure.
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally, or a pounding feeling in the chest.
patent ductus arteriosus
Failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow from the aorta into the pulmonary artery.
Circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels or an organ.
tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital anomaly caused by increased workload of the aorta.
slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessels, tubes, or an obstructed artery.
Altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreased blood flow to the brain, caused by prolonged asystole.
absence of muscular contraction of the heart.
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel.
Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart.
electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
Graphic line recording that shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart.
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings.
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions.
nuclear stress test
Utilizes a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow.
cardiac enzyme studies
Blood test that measures troponin T, tronponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB).
Series of tests used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease (lipoproteins, triglycerides, etc).
Radiological exam of aorta and its branches with contrast via catheter.
Radiological exam of the blood vessels of and around the heart.
noninvasive method that utilizes ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce images of the heart.
Noninvasive adaption of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different areas of the heart.
Imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmurs during the cardiac cycle.
Injection and subsequent detection of radioactive isotopes to create images of body parts and identify body functions and diseases.
Process of restoring the normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electric shock to the exterior of the chest.
Technique used to block blood flow to a site by passing a catheter to the area and injecting material specially designed to occlude the blood vessel.
Procedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catheter.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked part of a coronary artery.
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
Dilation of an accluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance.
Removal of material from an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device.
Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart to interrupt abnormal contractions, thus allowing normal heart rhythm to resume.
Surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve, which have fused together at their "commissures" (points of touching).