Cardiovascular System: Word Roots And Vocabulary

Word Roots, Prefices, Suffices, And Vocabulary Pertaining To The Cardiovascular System. Taken From Medical Terminology Systems: A Body Systems Approach, Barbara A. Gylys, F A Davis.
Created Dec 14, 2008
by jvanbk
Table View
Download
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

Side ASide B
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
incompetent
Inability to adequately perform a given function or action
leaflet
Thin, flattened structure, term used to sescribe the leaf-shaped structures that compose a...
lumen
Tubular space or channel within any organ or structure of the body; space within an artery,...
malaise
Vague, uneasy feeling of body weakness, distress, or discomfort, commonly marking the onset...
occlusion
Blockage of a canal, vessel, or passage of the body; the state of being closed.
patent
Open and unblocked, such as a patent artery.
prophylaxis
Preventative measure or technique comonly involving the use of a biologic, chemical, or mechanical...
pro-
before, in front of
-phylaxis
protection
viscosity
State of being sticky or gummy
aneurysm/o
a widening, a widened blood vessel
angi/o
vessel (usually blood or lymph)
vascul/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
atri/o
atrium
ather/o
fatty plaque
cardi/o
heart
electr/o
electricity
embol/o
plug
hemangi/o
blood vessel
my/o
muscle
phleb/o
vein
ven/o
vein
scler/o
hardening
sept/o
septum
sphygm/o
pulse
sten/o
narrowing, stricture
thromb/o
blood clot
vetricul/o
ventricle (of the heart or brain)
-gram
record, writing
-graph
instrument for recording
-graphy
process of recording
-sphyxia
pulse
-stenosis
narrowing, stricture
brady-
slow
endo-
in, within
extra-
outside
peri-
around
tachy-
rapid
trans-
across
aneurysm
Localized abnormal dilation of vessel, usually an artery.
arrest
condition of being stopped
cardiac arrest
Loss of effective cardiac function, which results in cessation of circulation.
circulatory arrest
Cessation of the circulation of blood due to ventricular standstill or fibrillation.
arrythmia
Inability of the heart to maintain a steady rhythm, possibly including a rapid, slow, or skipped...
bruit
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement...
cardiomyopathy
Disease of the heart muscle that diminishes cardiac function.
catheter
Thin, flexible, hollow tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or...
coarctation
Narrowing of a vessel, escpecially the aorta.
heart failure
Failure of the heart to supply an adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs.
embolus
Mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged...
fibrillation
Quivering or spontaneous muscle contractions, especially of the heart, causing ineffectual...
hemostasis
Arrest of bleeding or circulation
hem/o
blood
stasis
standing still
hyperlipidemia
Excessive amounts of lipids (cholesterol, phospholipids, triglycerides) in the blood.
hypertension
Common disorder characterized by elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 140 systolic...
primary hypertension
hypertension in which there is no identifiable cause, also called essential hypertension
secondary hypertension
Hypertension that results from an underlying , identifiable, commonly correctable cause.
hypertensive heart disease
Any heart disorder caused by prolonged hypertension, including left ventricular hypertrophy,...
implantable cardioverter-debibrillator (ICD)
Implantable battery-powered device that monitors and, if necessary, corrects an irregular heart...
infarct
Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply.
ischemia
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction.
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
Condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve prolapse into the left atrium during systole.
radioisotope
Chemical radioactive substance used as a tracer to follow a substance through a body or structure.
palpitation
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally, or a pounding feeling in the chest.
patent ductus arteriosus
Failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth, allowing blood to flow from the aorta...
perfusion
Circulation of blood through tissues or the passage of fluids through vessels or an organ.
tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital anomaly caused by increased workload of the aorta.
stent
slender or threadlike device used to hold open vessels, tubes, or an obstructed artery.
Stokes-Adams syndrome
Altered state of consciousness or fainting due to decreased blood flow to the brain, caused...
asystole
absence of muscular contraction of the heart.
thrombus
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel.
cardiac catheterization
Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation...
electrocardiogram (ECG, EKG)
Graphic line recording that shows the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of...
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with a small portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings.
stress test
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions.
nuclear stress test
Utilizes a radioisotope to evaluate coronary blood flow.
cardiac enzyme studies
Blood test that measures troponin T, tronponin I, and creatinine kinase (CK-MB).
lipid panel
Series of tests used to assess risk factors of ischemic heart disease (lipoproteins, triglycerides,...
aortography
Radiological exam of aorta and its branches with contrast via catheter.
cornary angiography
Radiological exam of the blood vessels of and around the heart.
echocardiography
noninvasive method that utilizes ultrasound to visualize internal cardiac structures and produce...
Doppler ultrasound
Noninvasive adaption of ultrasound technology in which blood flow velocity is assessed in different...
phonocardiography
Imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmurs during the cardiac...
scintigraphy
Injection and subsequent detection of radioactive isotopes to create images of body parts ...
cardioversion
Process of restoring the normal rhythm of the heart by applying a controlled electric shock...
embolization
Technique used to block blood flow to a site by passing a catheter to the area and injecting...
angioplasty
Procedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catheter.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
Surgical procedure that uses a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass the blocked...
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
Dilation of an accluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance.
atherectomy
Removal of material from an occluded vessel using a specially designed catheter fitted with...
catheter ablation
Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart to interrupt abnormal contractions, thus allowing...
commisurotomy
Surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve, which have fused together at their...


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade