Side ASide B
Assisting primary treatment.
Synthetic chemicals containing alkyl groups that interfere with DNA synthesis.
Loss of differentiation of cells; reversion to a more primitive cell type.
Process of forming new blood vessels.
Chemical substances, produced by bacteria or primitive plants.
Chemicals that prevent cell division by inhibiting formation of substances necessary to make...
Drugs that block mitosis (cell division).
Programmed cell death.
Noncancerous growth (neoplasm).
biological response modifiers
Substances produced by normal cells that either directly block tumor growth or stimulate the...
Use of the body's own defenses to destroy tumor cells.
Agents that cause cancer; chermicals and drugs, radiation, and viruses.
Cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin.
Pieces of DNA that, when broken or dislocated, can cause a normal cell to become malignant.
Treatment with drugs.
Use of several chemotherapeutic agents together for the treatment of tumors.
Loss of differentiation of cells; reversion to a more primitive, embryonic cell type; anaplasia...
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Genetic material within the nucleus of a cell; controls cell division and protein synthesis.
Drugs that promote tumor cells to differentiate, stop growing and die.
Specialization of cells; unspecialized cells are modified and altered to form specific and...
Low-energy beams of radiation for treatment of skin or surface tumors.
Surrounded by a capsule; benign tumors are encapsulated.
external beam radiation
Radiation applied to a tumor from a distant source.
Dimensions of the size of radiation used to treat a tumor from a specific angle.
Giving radiation in small, repeated doses.
Family members are tested to determine whether they have inherited a cancer-causing gene.
grading of tumors
Evaluating the degree of maturity of tumor cells or indication of malignant transformation.
Unit of absorbed radiation dose.
gross description of tumors
Visual appearance of tumors to the naked eye: cystic, fungating, inflammatory, medullary,...
Extending beyond normal tissue boundaries.
Having the ability to enter and destroy surrounding tissue.
Exposure to any form of radiant energy such as light, heat or x-rays.
Large electronic device that produces high-energy x-ray beams for treatment of deep-seated...
Tending to become worse and result in death; having the characteristics of invasiveness, anaplasia...
Embryonic connective tissue.
Spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site; literally, beyond control.
microscopic description of tumors
Appearance of tumors when viewed under a mcroscope: alveolar, carcinoma in situ, diffuse, dysplastic,...
Replication of cells; a stage in a cell's life cycle involving the dproduction of two identical...
Tumors composed of different types of tissue (epithelial as well as connective tissue).
Method of treatment, such as surgery, chemotherapy or radiation.
molecularly targeted drugs
Anticancer drugs designed to block the function of growth factors, their receptors and signaling...
Condition of being diseased; describing damage to normal tissues.
Change in genetic material (DNA) of a cell; may be caused by chemicals, radiation, or viruses...
New growth; benign or malignant tumors.
Unit of DNA (gene) composed of a sugar, phosphate and a base. The sequence or arrangement...
Region of DNA in tumor cells (cellular oncogene) or a viruses that cause cancer (viral oncogene).
Relieving but not curing symptoms.
Possessing a stem or stalk (peduncle); characteristic of some polypoid tumors.
Study of the distribution in and removal of drugs from the body over a period of time.
Radiation therapy using energy in the form of x-rays or gamma rays.
Detailed plan for treatment of an illness.
Subatomic particles (protons) produced by a cyclotron deposit an absorbed dose of radiation...
Energy carried by a stream of particles.
Tumor cells that are destroyed by radiation therapy.
Tumor cells that require large doses of radiation therapy.
Tumor in which radiation can cause the death of cells without serious damage to surrounding...
Treatment of tumors using radiation; radiation oncology.
Return of symptoms of disease.
Partial or complete disappearance of symptoms of disease.
ribonucleic acid (RNA)
Cellular substance that, along with DNA, plays an important role in protein synthesis.
Cancerous tumor derived from connective or flesh tissue.
Pertaining to a thin, watery fluid (serum).
Having no stem; characteristic of some polypoid tumors.
Study using CT scan or MRI to map treatment before RT is given.
Tumor composed of a mass of cells.
staging of tumors
System of evaluating the extent of spread of tumors.
Doses of radiation delivered under stereotactic (highly precise) guidance (gamma knife surgery)
Complex, naturally occurring chemicals, such as hormones, that are used in cancer chemotherapy.
surgical procedures to treat cancer
Methods of removing cancerous tissue: cryosurgery, cauterization, en block resection, excisional...
Pieces of DNA from viruses that infect a normal cell and cause it to become malignant.
An infectious agent that reproduces by entering a host cell and using the host's genetic material...