Buddhism - World Religions

40 cards

A study of the main points of Buddhism


 
  
Created Feb 11, 2010
by
runnerkp

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Abbot
 
–the leader of a monastery
2
Bodhisattva
 
–A Buddha to be –stays to teach others
3
Bodhi
 
–enlightenment
4
Dokusan
 
–sitting with an abbot and discussing life, goals, progress
5
Duhkha
 
–Pain –As a living thing, you can’t avoid it
6
Hinayana
 
–“Lesser Vehicle.” –Because it takes fewer people at a time –Name for...
7
Jataka Tales
 
–Stories of the Buddha’s prior lives –Part of 2nd Basket
8
Kinhin
 
–Walking meditation
9
Mahayana
 
–“Greater Vehicle” –Because it carries more passengers. More successful sect...
10
Maitreya
 
–the Buddha to come at the end of the age prophesied in Mahayana Buddhism
11
Mandala
 
–Circular symbol, part of rituals in Mahayana and Vajrayana sects. 
12
Mantra
 
–Chant used in meditation
13
Middle Path
 
–between self  indulgence and extreme asceticism –Eightfold: •Study: –Attitude –View...
14
Moksha
 
–Release
15
Mudra
 
–Hand position for meditation –expressing the desire of the meditator
16
Sadhu
 
–monk
17
Samsara
 
reincarnation
18
Sangha
 
–the Buddhist order of monks
19
Satori
 
–Zen term for enlightenment
20
Sesshin
 
–concentrated period of meditiation –5-7 days – quiets mind –Mnemonic:...
21
Shunyata
 
–Concept of reality –emptiness, space –undescribable
22
Skandha
 
–The five constituent elements of being •Physical body •Feelings •Perceptions •Responses •Flow...
23
Smriti
 
–Remembering; particularly the mantras and the mudras
24
Soji
 
–mindful work
25
Tan
 
–A raised platform around the edge of the zendo upon which sitting cushions are placed...
26
Terma
 
–“hidden treasures” –Often texts –in Vajrayana Buddhism
27
Terton
 
One who finds terma and brings it to light, translating it when necessary.
28
Theravada
 
–means “way of the elders.”  –called Hinayana –No deities provide...
29
Tripitaka
 
Three baskets:  Rules for monks; teachings of the Buddha; esoteric knowledge
30
Vajrayana
 
–means “vehicle of the thunderbolt” or Tibetan Buddhism.  Also found in Mongolia....
31
Vinaya
 
–first section of tripitaka –Monastic rules
32
Wheel
 
Rounds of rebirths
33
zabutan
 
–large sitting cushion
34
zafu
 
–Small sitting cushion
35
zazen
 
– Sitting meditation
36
zendo
 
–the meditation hall of a Zen monastery
37
Four Noble Truths
 
•1) Life is painful (Duhkha) •2) Root of suffering is desire/grasping (upadana) •3)...
38
Three Ways
 
•Karma –Works •Individuals achieve release by working off their own mistakes •Knowledge –Jnana •Individuals...
39
Siddhartha Gautama
 
–(563-483 BCE) •Born into Kshatrya caste •Legend of the four sights –Old...
40
Rules
 
•1) Non-injury: discipline of not harming any sentient being (not to the degree of Jainism) •2)...


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