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Buddhism - World Religions

A Study Of The Main Points Of Buddhism
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Side ASide B
Abbot
–the leader of a monastery
Bodhisattva
–A Buddha to be –stays to teach others
Bodhi
–enlightenment
Dokusan
–sitting with an abbot and discussing life, goals, progress
Duhkha
–Pain –As a living thing, you can’t avoid it
Hinayana
–“Lesser Vehicle.” –Because it takes fewer people at a time –Name for Theravada Buddhism by Vajrayana Buddhists
Jataka Tales
–Stories of the Buddha’s prior lives –Part of 2nd Basket
Kinhin
–Walking meditation
Mahayana
–“Greater Vehicle” –Because it carries more passengers. More successful sect in Japan&China –Beings who help you gain salvation: Amitabha, Avalokitesvara,...
Maitreya
–the Buddha to come at the end of the age prophesied in Mahayana Buddhism
Mandala
–Circular symbol, part of rituals in Mahayana and Vajrayana sects. 
Mantra
–Chant used in meditation
Middle Path
–between self  indulgence and extreme asceticism –Eightfold: •Study: –Attitude –View (4 Noble truths) •Conduct –Speech –Actions –Livelihood –Effort •Concentration –Mindfulness –Concentration
Moksha
–Release
Mudra
–Hand position for meditation –expressing the desire of the meditator
Sadhu
–monk
Samsara
reincarnation
Sangha
–the Buddhist order of monks
Satori
–Zen term for enlightenment
Sesshin
–concentrated period of meditiation –5-7 days – quiets mind –Mnemonic: It sounds like “session”
Shunyata
–Concept of reality –emptiness, space –undescribable
Skandha
–The five constituent elements of being •Physical body •Feelings •Perceptions •Responses •Flow of consciousness –They separate at death and come...
Smriti
–Remembering; particularly the mantras and the mudras
Soji
–mindful work
Tan
–A raised platform around the edge of the zendo upon which sitting cushions are placed and where Zazen is performed. –Mnemonic: the benches attached to the walls in the...
Terma
–“hidden treasures” –Often texts –in Vajrayana Buddhism
Terton
One who finds terma and brings it to light, translating it when necessary.
Theravada
–means “way of the elders.”  –called Hinayana –No deities provide assistance in gaining release from the wheel.  Theravada spread chiefly but not exclusively...
Tripitaka
Three baskets:  Rules for monks; teachings of the Buddha; esoteric knowledge
Vajrayana
–means “vehicle of the thunderbolt” or Tibetan Buddhism.  Also found in Mongolia. –Mahayana plus indigenous Bon religion
Vinaya
–first section of tripitaka –Monastic rules
Wheel
Rounds of rebirths
zabutan
–large sitting cushion
zafu
–Small sitting cushion
zazen
– Sitting meditation
zendo
–the meditation hall of a Zen monastery
Four Noble Truths
•1) Life is painful (Duhkha) •2) Root of suffering is desire/grasping (upadana) •3) suffering will cease when desire ceases •4) desire will cease by following...
Three Ways
•Karma –Works •Individuals achieve release by working off their own mistakes •Knowledge –Jnana •Individuals come to enlightenment through learning •Devotion –Bhakti •Beings...
Siddhartha Gautama
–(563-483 BCE) •Born into Kshatrya caste •Legend of the four sights –Old age, disease, death, asceticism •He sneaks out, leaves his wife and goes sequentially...
Rules
•1) Non-injury: discipline of not harming any sentient being (not to the degree of Jainism) •2) vow don’t take what is not offered –Lay: Don’t Steal –Ascetics:...


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