BLA GOV

177 cards


 
  
Created Oct 7, 2012
by
SirAaron326

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
A government run by a few who exercise total control is called a(n)
 
oligarchy
2
A republic is closely related to a(n)
 
democracy
3
A bureaucracy is most closely associated with (what branch)
 
the executive branch of government
4
T or F: Roman government during the second half of Roman history was very democratic
 
false
5
The form of government used in France today is. .
 
a unitary government
6
King Hammurabi established
 
a strict set of laws and punishments
7
The economic idea that government should not interfere with business is called ; another word...
 
laissez-faire
8
A nation's government is sometimes called
 
the state
9
weak central government?
 
confederate government
10

The political-economic system in which the major industries and...
 
socialism
11
Decisions made without outside interference
 
sovereignty
12
representative democracy, confederate government, indirect democracy
 
republic
13
proletariat
 
workers
14
government workers that keep records, run public services, collect taxes, etc. are called
 
bureaucrats
15
property owners and bussinessmen
 
bourgeoisie
16
Capitalism
 
private ownership
17
extreme socialism
 
communism
18
another word for dictatorship
 
totalitarianism
19
Modern Western democracy began when England's King John signed the
 
Magna Carta
20
What is basic to Marxist-Leninist theory?
 
dictatorship of the proletariat   labor theory...
21
One of the most important concepts to come out of the civilizations of Greece...
 
humans are important and the universe is knowable
22
The best place to look for a bureaucrat would be in
 
a parliamentary form of government   a socialist...
23
The chief difference between modern capitalism and laissez-faire capitalism is...
 
government now regulates business to a considerable degree
24
Which national leader would be forced to call a new election after losing a vote...
 
a prime minister
25
In order for a nation to exist, which of the following must be true?
 
The country must be free to exercise sovereignty in handling its relations with other nations.
26
The maximum amount of personal freedom would be found under a
 
direct democracy
27
Which statement is least likely to be true of a totalitarian state?
 
School administration and curriculum are left in the hands of local school committees.
28
The type of democracy practiced by the national government of the United States is properly...
 
representative democracy
29
The earliest governments were an outgrowth of
 
tribal life?
30
democratic governments originated with
 
Greek city-states
31
The greatest Roman contributions to Western government were
 
codified laws and citizenship rights
32
A political and economic system based on fiefs and vassal loyalty was called
 
feudalism
33
What two systems are closely related together?
 
feudalism and monarchy
34
Which of the following developed first?
democracy
totalitarian rule
feudalism
 
totalitarian rule
35
An institution which makes and enforces laws is called a(n)
 
government
36
To be considered a “nation” a society must have
 
Government, population, sovereignty, and clearly defined boundaries
37
Every nation and government has developed
 
executive branch, court system, and a law making body
38
The idea of writing down the formal limits of government is
 
constitutionalism
39
Governments can be classified according to
 
location of power and the way economic and political decisions are made
40
Which of the following has a very strong central government?
 
unitary government
41
Which of the following divides power between a central government and state governments?
 
federal government
42
The form of government established by the Articles of Confederation was
 
confederate
43
The form of government used in the United States today is
 
federal government
44
A government controlled by kings or other hereditary rulers is a(n)
 
monarchy
45
A democratic government in which the head of state directs administrative policy but is not...
 
presidential system
46
government in which the entire public votes on proposed laws is a(n)
 
direct democracy
47
Example of an oligarchy?
 
local school board
48
A democratic government in which the head of state also belongs to the lawmaking body is a
 
parliamentary system
49
not a principle of capitalism?
Is a principle?
 
dedication to revolution;
laissez-faire   private...
50
not a principle of communism?
Is a principle of communism?
 
competition;
bourgeoisie overthrown by the proletariat
a nation and economy run...
51
The political-economic system in which all means of production are privately owned and operated...
 
capitalism
52
Identify the political-economic system in which all business, land, industry, etc. are owned...
 
communism
53

The political-economic system in which the important industries...
 
socialism
54
example of a communist nation today?
 
China
55
best example of a socialist nation today?
 
Sweden
56
A political-economic system which has not been important since World War II 
 
facisim
57
Which of the following political-economic systems would allow you the greatest amount of freedom?
 
capitalism
58
Which of the following best describes the United States' political-economic system today?
 
mixed economy
59
T or F: James Madison believed that formal government was not necessary.
 
false
60
T or F: The United States is a pluralistic nation.
 
true
61
T or F: The earliest, most basic form of government originated with Paleolithic hunters...
 
true
62
If you could live in the past as one of the following people, which life would afford you the...
 
Roman citizen
63
most efficient form of government?
 
unitary
64
example of socialism in the US today?
 
AMtrak, Medicare, welfare, social security
65
The Virginia Plan favored?
 
large states
66
The agreement that the national legislature of the United States would have two houses, with...
 
Conneticut or Great comprimise
67
A radical group of young colonists who actively protested against British controls were called
 
the sons of liberty
68
T or F: The Articles of Confederation provided the means to resolve conflicts between states. 
 
False
69
Which of the following was not a factor that led to war between Britain and the American colonies?
 
Salutary neglect
70
The following description outlines which type or types of colonial government? The king appointed...
 
royal colony
71
The British action which placed a tax on colonial printed material such as licenses, newspapers,...
 
Stamp Act of 1765
72
T or F: The Albany Plan was successful in uniting the colonies against Indian attack.
 
false
73
Which of the following was true of the government established by the Articles of Confederation?
 
a legislative body was created
74
The following description outlines which type of colonial government? The colony owner appointed...
 
Charter colony
75
Which of the following identifies a major weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
 
All of these were weaknessess
76
The least successful of early attempts at cooperation among the colonies was
 
the Albany plan of Union
77
Which of the following statements most truly describes the colonial attitude before the 1760s?
 
Most colonists wanted only the same rights and privileges enjoyed by the British people back...
78
The part of the colonial system of government that most clearly spoke for the average colonist...
 
assembly
79
Which of the following statements would not be true of a mercantile country's colonies...
 
The colony is encouraged to develop its own form of self-government.
80
When the Constitutional Convention accepted the Connecticut Compromise in the form of the new...
 
the large and small states
81
The best description of the government created under the Constitution is that it was a
 
federal republic
82
The existence of “salutary neglect”
 
gave the colonists time to develop their own way of life and government
83
The colonists resisted the Sugar Act, the Townshend Acts, and the Stamp Act because
 
paying/collecting taxes were a constant nusiance, taxes placed a financial burden on the colonists,...
84
The states agreed to ratify the Constitution only after the Federalists agreed to return some...
 
false; the states agreed to ratify after the issue of protecting individual rights...
85
A colony owned by a single person other than the king was called
 
propriety colony
86
In which type(s) of colony(ies) were the governor, council, and assembly usually...
 
charter colony
87
A British "crown colony" under the direct control of the monarch was...
 
royal colony
88
The type(s) of colony(ies) with the highest degree of self-government was (were)
 
charter colony
89
The government of all American colonies was composed of
 
a governor, council, and assembly
90
A writ of assistance was a
 
general search warrant that infringed on colonists' rights
91
The Quartering Act was
 
a law forcing the colonists to house British troops
92
Which of the following was an effort prior to the revolutionary war to create unity and cooperation...
 
The Stamp Act Congress, First Continental Congress, and the Albany Plan
93
The First Continental Congress was called in response to
 
the Intolerable Acts
94
What organization served as the colonial government for most of the Revolutionary War?
 
2nd Continental Congress
95
T or F: The Albany Plan was successful in uniting the colonies against Indian attack.
 
False
96
Organized groups who circulated papers and letters through the colonies to keep leaders and...
 
Commitees of Correspondence
97
The plan of government in America prior to the Constitution and after the Second...
 
Articles of Confederation
98
The Articles of Confederation provided a...
Why were these Articles ineffective?
What...
 
weak central government; no regulation of interstate trade, no executive branch was created,...
99
The original purpose of the Constitutional Convention was to
 
Revise the Articles of Confederation
100
Which of the following issues studied by the Constitutional Convention required compromise?
 
slavery, interstate commerce, and the presidential election
101
For the Constitution to be ratified how many states needed to give their approval?
 
nine
102
Which type of colony was best suited to and least affected by the policy of salutary...
 
charter colony
103
Which of the following was probably the greatest obstacle to colonial unity and...
 
economic competition between states
104
T or F:  Before the Constitution the states acted as though they were independent...
 
True
105
The executive branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
 
appointing judges
106
T or F:    The Bill of Rights is sometimes referred to as the “unwritten constitution.”
 
False
107
The legislative branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
 
impeaching judges
108
The Constitution may be amended by either
 
a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress and ratification by three-fourths of the state...
109
The sentence which opens the Constitution and lists the purposes of government is called  
 
the Preamble
110
Which of the following can a state refuse to a family that recently moved there from another...
 
the right to vote in local elections until the adults have established residency  
111
The largest single share of the federal budget goes toward  
 
social welfare
112
A useful definition of personal freedom in a democracy would be the  
 
right to make one's own decisions as long as those choices don't interfere with anyone...
113
The average taxpayer works how many days out of five in the normal workweek to pay for the...
 
almost two days
114
T or F: Law enforcement officers cannot interfere with activities carried on in the...
 
false
115
Once the Supreme Court has declared a law unconstitutional, the legislative and executive...
 
must accept the decision as final
116
The president checks the actions of the legislative branch through formal and informal means,...
 
the veto, influence over congressional election campaigns, refusal to spend money appropriated...
117
what are the basic purposes of government outlined in the Preamble (6 of them)
 
insure domestic tranquility promote the general welfare provide for the common defense create...
118
The doctrine of “clear and present danger” allows government to  
 
suspend or restrict the civil rights of citizens  
119
American citizenship may be lost by  
 
commiting treason
120
A naturalized citizen may not  
 
become president of the united states
121
T or F: Private property may be purchased by the government over the objections of property...
 
true
122
The right of eminent domain means that  
 
the government may take private property in the interest of greater public good, but must...
123
Which amendment forbids slavery or servitude in the United States?  
 
the 13
124
The Ninth Amendment states that  
 
citizens have other rights besides those specifically mentioned in the Constitution  
125
A document that prevents a person from being held in jail indefinitely without being charged...
 
writ of habeas corpus
126
A law allowing an individual to be found guilty of a crime without due process (disallowed...
 
bill of attainder
127
A judge is most likely to issue a search warrant  
 
when the police have good reason to believe that a crime has been committed  
128
Statements printed in a newspaper that maliciously injure someone's good name may be...
 
libel
129
RIghts under the 1st  Ammendment (5)
 
freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition, picketing
130
2nd Ammendment
 
right to bear arms
131
3rd Ammendment
 
freedom from auartering troops
132
4th Ammendment 
 
from unreasonable search and seizure
133
5th Ammendment
 
to own property, from prosecution without indictment, from double jeopardy, guarantee of presumed...
134
6th Ammendment
 
reight to be informed of charges, confront witnesses, secure witnesses, to counsel, jury trial
135
6th Ammendment
 
reight to be informed of charges, confront witnesses, secure witnesses, to counsel, jury trial
136
7th Ammendment
 
guarantee of jury trial
137
8th Ammendment
 
reasonable bail, from cruel and unusal punishment
138
9th and 10th Ammendments
 
limits on the power of the federal government; 9: even though the Constitution does not spell...
139
T or F: Citizens may petition the government to correct a wrong.  
 
True
140
Which of the following is the term for a citizen’s right to just legal action and court...
 
due process
141
What is the term for a law that makes an action illegal even though it was committed before...
 
ex post facto
142
The Nineteenth Amendment extends the right to vote to  
 
women
143
Which amendment guarantees equal protection under the law and prevents states from restricting...
 
14th ammendment
144
Which amendment extends the right to vote to eighteen-year-olds?  
 
26
145
What did the Twenty-fourth Amendment abolish?  
 
poll taxes
146
The Fifteenth Amendment granted voting privileges to which of the following groups?  
 
black male citizens
147
The political system most often used today to decide party candidates and policy is the  
 
precinct system  
148
T or F: Small political parties can easily gain national representation.  
 
False
149
An individual who favors government involvement in solving social and economic problems is...
 
liberal
150
An individual whose political views are radical left is a  
 
socialist
151
American political parties are most active at the level.  
 
state
152
The period of time between the election of a new president and the swearing-in ceremonies...
 
lame duck period
153
Today's democratic party favors  
 
a strong federal government
154
A union of cooperating parties common to the political systems of other nations is called...
 
coalition
155
The modern Republican party inherited the political tradition of the  
 
Federalists and the Whigs
156
A “lame-duck” politician is one who  
 
is waiting to leave office after a successor has been elected  
157
A right-wing politician would most likely believe in  
 
less government control over private businesses
158
The most important task of the national convention is to  
 
select the party's candidate for president  
159
Of the following party activities, the most democratic is the  
 
primary election
160
The right to vote is called  
 
franchise
161
In the United States today, states may restrict voting privileges by  
 
setting residency requirements
162
An off-year election is an election year  
 
when no presidential race is scheduled  
163
Which of the following groups is most likely to vote for the Democratic Party?  
 
blue collar workers
164
Which of the following elections is most likely to be restricted to voters who have registered...
 
a primary election
165
T or F: The taxpayer checkoff helps equalize spending in presidential campaigns.  
 
True
166
T or F: By law, voters must be notified of their polling locations.  
 
True
167
Many independent voters register as members of a party because  
 
as independents they would not be able to vote in the closed primary elections
168
Low-income, urban, minority voters would most likely support  
 
Democratic candidates
169
Voting laws and regulations, other than those specified by the Constitution, are determined...
 
state governments
170
The legal voting age in the United States is  
 
18
171
T or F: Citizens who have very recently moved from one state to another can still vote...
 
False
172
General elections in the United States are held  
 
in November of each even-numbered year  
173
The elected or appointed official who prepares election ballots, supervises elections, and...
 
registrar of voters  
174
People that have similar characteristics and circumstances tend to have the same voting preferences...
 
bloc voting
175
Which of the following is most likely to vote Republican during a general election?  
 
business owners
176
Committees formed by special-interest groups to contribute funds to candidates the group...
 
PACs
177
What federal agency has the responsibility to police campaign financing?  
 
FEC

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