BLA GOV

Created Oct 7, 2012
by SirAaron326
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A government run by a few who exercise total control is called a(n)
oligarchy
A republic is closely related to a(n)
democracy
A bureaucracy is most closely associated with (what branch)
the executive branch of government
T or F: Roman government during the second half of Roman history was very democratic
false
The form of government used in France today is. .
a unitary government
King Hammurabi established
a strict set of laws and punishments
The economic idea that government should not interfere with business is called ; another word...
laissez-faire
A nation's government is sometimes called
the state
weak central government?
confederate government
The political-economic system in which the major industries and services...
socialism
Decisions made without outside interference
sovereignty
representative democracy, confederate government, indirect democracy
republic
proletariat
workers
government workers that keep records, run public services, collect taxes, etc. are called
bureaucrats
property owners and bussinessmen
bourgeoisie
Capitalism
private ownership
extreme socialism
communism
another word for dictatorship
totalitarianism
Modern Western democracy began when England's King John signed the
Magna Carta
What is basic to Marxist-Leninist theory?
dictatorship of the proletariat   labor theory...
One of the most important concepts to come out of the civilizations of Greece...
humans are important and the universe is knowable
The best place to look for a bureaucrat would be in
a parliamentary form of government   a socialist...
The chief difference between modern capitalism and laissez-faire capitalism is...
government now regulates business to a considerable degree
Which national leader would be forced to call a new election after losing a vote...
a prime minister
In order for a nation to exist, which of the following must be true?
The country must be free to exercise sovereignty in handling its relations with other nations.
The maximum amount of personal freedom would be found under a
direct democracy
Which statement is least likely to be true of a totalitarian state?
School administration and curriculum are left in the hands of local school committees.
The type of democracy practiced by the national government of the United States is properly...
representative democracy
The earliest governments were an outgrowth of
tribal life?
democratic governments originated with
Greek city-states
The greatest Roman contributions to Western government were
codified laws and citizenship rights
A political and economic system based on fiefs and vassal loyalty was called
feudalism
What two systems are closely related together?
feudalism and monarchy
Which of the following developed first? democracy totalitarian rule feudalism Roman codified...
totalitarian rule
An institution which makes and enforces laws is called a(n)
government
To be considered a “nation” a society must have
Government, population, sovereignty, and clearly defined boundaries
Every nation and government has developed
executive branch, court system, and a law making body
The idea of writing down the formal limits of government is
constitutionalism
Governments can be classified according to
location of power and the way economic and political decisions are made
Which of the following has a very strong central government?
unitary government
Which of the following divides power between a central government and state governments?
federal government
The form of government established by the Articles of Confederation was
confederate
The form of government used in the United States today is
federal government
A government controlled by kings or other hereditary rulers is a(n)
monarchy
A democratic government in which the head of state directs administrative policy but is not...
presidential system
government in which the entire public votes on proposed laws is a(n)
direct democracy
Example of an oligarchy?
local school board
A democratic government in which the head of state also belongs to the lawmaking body is a
parliamentary system
not a principle of capitalism? Is a principle?
dedication to revolution; laissez-faire   private...
not a principle of communism? Is a principle of communism?
competition; bourgeoisie overthrown by the proletariat a nation and economy run by the proletariat atheism
The political-economic system in which all means of production are privately owned and operated...
capitalism
Identify the political-economic system in which all business, land, industry, etc. are owned...
communism
The political-economic system in which the important industries and services...
socialism
example of a communist nation today?
China
best example of a socialist nation today?
Sweden
A political-economic system which has not been important since World War II 
facisim
Which of the following political-economic systems would allow you the greatest amount of freedom? Capitalism Fascism communism socialism
capitalism
Which of the following best describes the United States' political-economic system today?
mixed economy
T or F: James Madison believed that formal government was not necessary.
false
T or F: The United States is a pluralistic nation.
true
T or F: The earliest, most basic form of government originated with Paleolithic hunters...
true
If you could live in the past as one of the following people, which life would afford you the...
Roman citizen
most efficient form of government?
unitary
example of socialism in the US today?
AMtrak, Medicare, welfare, social security
The Virginia Plan favored?
large states
The agreement that the national legislature of the United States would have two houses, with...
Conneticut or Great comprimise
A radical group of young colonists who actively protested against British controls were called
the sons of liberty
T or F: The Articles of Confederation provided the means to resolve conflicts between states. 
False
Which of the following was not a factor that led to war between Britain and the American colonies?
Salutary neglect
The following description outlines which type or types of colonial government? The king appointed...
royal colony
The British action which placed a tax on colonial printed material such as licenses, newspapers,...
Stamp Act of 1765
T or F: The Albany Plan was successful in uniting the colonies against Indian attack.
false
Which of the following was true of the government established by the Articles of Confederation?
a legislative body was created
The following description outlines which type of colonial government? The colony owner appointed...
Charter colony
Which of the following identifies a major weakness of the Articles of Confederation? a....
All of these were weaknessess
The least successful of early attempts at cooperation among the colonies was
the Albany plan of Union
Which of the following statements most truly describes the colonial attitude before the 1760s?
Most colonists wanted only the same rights and privileges enjoyed by the British people back...
The part of the colonial system of government that most clearly spoke for the average colonist...
assembly
Which of the following statements would not be true of a mercantile country's colonies...
The colony is encouraged to develop its own form of self-government.
When the Constitutional Convention accepted the Connecticut Compromise in the form of the new...
the large and small states
The best description of the government created under the Constitution is that it was a
federal republic
The existence of “salutary neglect”
gave the colonists time to develop their own way of life and government
The colonists resisted the Sugar Act, the Townshend Acts, and the Stamp Act because
paying/collecting taxes were a constant nusiance, taxes placed a financial burden on the colonists,...
The states agreed to ratify the Constitution only after the Federalists agreed to return some...
false; the states agreed to ratify after the issue of protecting individual rights...
A colony owned by a single person other than the king was called
propriety colony
In which type(s) of colony(ies) were the governor, council, and assembly usually...
charter colony
A British "crown colony" under the direct control of the monarch was...
royal colony
The type(s) of colony(ies) with the highest degree of self-government was (were)
charter colony
The government of all American colonies was composed of
a governor, council, and assembly
A writ of assistance was a
general search warrant that infringed on colonists' rights
The Quartering Act was
a law forcing the colonists to house British troops
Which of the following was an effort prior to the revolutionary war to create unity and cooperation...
The Stamp Act Congress, First Continental Congress, and the Albany Plan
The First Continental Congress was called in response to
the Intolerable Acts
What organization served as the colonial government for most of the Revolutionary War?
2nd Continental Congress
T or F: The Albany Plan was successful in uniting the colonies against Indian attack.
False
Organized groups who circulated papers and letters through the colonies to keep leaders and...
Commitees of Correspondence
The plan of government in America prior to the Constitution and after the Second...
Articles of Confederation
The Articles of Confederation provided a... Why were these Articles ineffective? What did they...
weak central government; no regulation of interstate trade, no executive branch was created,...
The original purpose of the Constitutional Convention was to
Revise the Articles of Confederation
Which of the following issues studied by the Constitutional Convention required compromise?
slavery, interstate commerce, and the presidential election
For the Constitution to be ratified how many states needed to give their approval?
nine
Which type of colony was best suited to and least affected by the policy of salutary...
charter colony
Which of the following was probably the greatest obstacle to colonial unity and...
economic competition between states
T or F:  Before the Constitution the states acted as though they were independent...
True
The executive branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
appointing judges
T or F:    The Bill of Rights is sometimes referred to as the “unwritten constitution.”
False
The legislative branch may check the power of the judicial branch by
impeaching judges
The Constitution may be amended by either
a two-thirds vote in both houses of Congress and ratification by three-fourths of the state...
The sentence which opens the Constitution and lists the purposes of government is called  
the Preamble
Which of the following can a state refuse to a family that recently moved there from another...
the right to vote in local elections until the adults have established residency  
The largest single share of the federal budget goes toward  
social welfare
A useful definition of personal freedom in a democracy would be the  
right to make one's own decisions as long as those choices don't interfere with anyone...
The average taxpayer works how many days out of five in the normal workweek to pay for the...
almost two days
T or F: Law enforcement officers cannot interfere with activities carried on in the...
false
Once the Supreme Court has declared a law unconstitutional, the legislative and executive...
must accept the decision as final
The president checks the actions of the legislative branch through formal and informal means,...
the veto, influence over congressional election campaigns, refusal to spend money appropriated...
what are the basic purposes of government outlined in the Preamble (6 of them)
insure domestic tranquility promote the general welfare provide for the common defense create...
The doctrine of “clear and present danger” allows government to  
suspend or restrict the civil rights of citizens  
American citizenship may be lost by  
commiting treason
A naturalized citizen may not  
become president of the united states
T or F: Private property may be purchased by the government over the objections of property...
true
The right of eminent domain means that  
the government may take private property in the interest of greater public good, but must...
Which amendment forbids slavery or servitude in the United States?  
the 13
The Ninth Amendment states that  
citizens have other rights besides those specifically mentioned in the Constitution  
A document that prevents a person from being held in jail indefinitely without being charged...
writ of habeas corpus
A law allowing an individual to be found guilty of a crime without due process (disallowed...
bill of attainder
A judge is most likely to issue a search warrant  
when the police have good reason to believe that a crime has been committed  
Statements printed in a newspaper that maliciously injure someone's good name may be...
libel
RIghts under the 1st  Ammendment (5)
freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly and petition, picketing
2nd Ammendment
right to bear arms
3rd Ammendment
freedom from auartering troops
4th Ammendment 
from unreasonable search and seizure
5th Ammendment
to own property, from prosecution without indictment, from double jeopardy, guarantee of presumed...
6th Ammendment
reight to be informed of charges, confront witnesses, secure witnesses, to counsel, jury trial
6th Ammendment
reight to be informed of charges, confront witnesses, secure witnesses, to counsel, jury trial
7th Ammendment
guarantee of jury trial
8th Ammendment
reasonable bail, from cruel and unusal punishment
9th and 10th Ammendments
limits on the power of the federal government; 9: even though the Constitution does not spell...
T or F: Citizens may petition the government to correct a wrong.  
True
Which of the following is the term for a citizen’s right to just legal action and court...
due process
What is the term for a law that makes an action illegal even though it was committed before...
ex post facto
The Nineteenth Amendment extends the right to vote to  
women
Which amendment guarantees equal protection under the law and prevents states from restricting...
14th ammendment
Which amendment extends the right to vote to eighteen-year-olds?  
26
What did the Twenty-fourth Amendment abolish?  
poll taxes
The Fifteenth Amendment granted voting privileges to which of the following groups?  
black male citizens
The political system most often used today to decide party candidates and policy is the  
precinct system  
T or F: Small political parties can easily gain national representation.  
False
An individual who favors government involvement in solving social and economic problems is...
liberal
An individual whose political views are radical left is a  
socialist
American political parties are most active at the level.  
state
The period of time between the election of a new president and the swearing-in ceremonies...
lame duck period
Today's democratic party favors  
a strong federal government
A union of cooperating parties common to the political systems of other nations is called...
coalition
The modern Republican party inherited the political tradition of the  
Federalists and the Whigs
A “lame-duck” politician is one who  
is waiting to leave office after a successor has been elected  
A right-wing politician would most likely believe in  
less government control over private businesses
The most important task of the national convention is to  
select the party's candidate for president  
Of the following party activities, the most democratic is the  
primary election
The right to vote is called  
franchise
In the United States today, states may restrict voting privileges by  
setting residency requirements
An off-year election is an election year  
when no presidential race is scheduled  
Which of the following groups is most likely to vote for the Democratic Party?  
blue collar workers
Which of the following elections is most likely to be restricted to voters who have registered...
a primary election
T or F: The taxpayer checkoff helps equalize spending in presidential campaigns.  
True
T or F: By law, voters must be notified of their polling locations.  
True
Many independent voters register as members of a party because  
as independents they would not be able to vote in the closed primary elections
Low-income, urban, minority voters would most likely support  
Democratic candidates
Voting laws and regulations, other than those specified by the Constitution, are determined...
state governments
The legal voting age in the United States is  
18
T or F: Citizens who have very recently moved from one state to another can still vote...
False
General elections in the United States are held  
in November of each even-numbered year  
The elected or appointed official who prepares election ballots, supervises elections, and...
registrar of voters  
People that have similar characteristics and circumstances tend to have the same voting preferences...
bloc voting
Which of the following is most likely to vote Republican during a general election?  
business owners
Committees formed by special-interest groups to contribute funds to candidates the group...
PACs
What federal agency has the responsibility to police campaign financing?  
FEC

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