Biomedical Ethics Chapter 1 Test

Biomedical Ethics Chapter 1 Test Test 1
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Relativism
 
The belief that R/W always depends on a point of view, individual or cultural.
Subjectivism
 
The belief that morality is only in the mind. Feeling not fact
Amoralism
 
The belief that morality is only a power- play.
Nonmaleficence
 
Not doing harm
Beneficence
 
Doing good.
The harm principle
 
Liberty is limited to prevent harm to others
The offense principle
 
Liberty is limited to prevent offense to others.
Paternalism
 
Liberty is limited to prevent immorality
Extreme paternalism
 
Liberty is limited to benefit someone
Legal moralism
 
Liberty is limited to prevent immorality
The social welfare principle
 
Someone's liberty is limited to bring about a public benefit
Distributive Justice
 
The matter of how to fairly divide up the goods and the responsibilities of society.
Libertarian concept of justice
 
The fair thing is to give each person freedom to pursue his or her own welfare, without interference, and without the burden of being obligated to meet the needs of others.
Egalitarian view of justice
 
The fair thing is to make sure that everyone has what he or she needs, and to minimize inequalities in all the important areas of life.
Moral relativism
 
Morality is not objective, but relative.
Contextual Relativism
 
The truth of what one says depends upon the context in which it is said.
Conceptual relativism
 
Truth is relative to a conceptual scheme: whether something is true or not depends upon the language one speaks and the intellectual culture one lives in.
Cognitive relativism
 
Truth is relative
Individual moral relativism
 
Could go as far as being amoral . One just does whatever one thinks is right, without regard to other points of view.
Subjectivism
 
Morality is not objective, but subjective.
Amoralism
 
Morality reduces to power. Might makes right
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