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Biomedical Ethics Chapter 1 Test

Test 1
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Side ASide B
Relativism
The belief that R/W always depends on a point of view, individual or cultural. 
Subjectivism
The belief that morality is only in the mind. Feeling not fact
Amoralism
The belief that morality is only a power- play. 
Nonmaleficence
Not doing harm
Beneficence
Doing good. 
The harm principle
Liberty is limited to prevent harm to others
The offense principle
Liberty is limited to prevent offense to others. 
Paternalism
Liberty is limited to prevent immorality
Extreme paternalism
Liberty is limited to benefit someone
Legal moralism
Liberty is limited to prevent immorality
The social welfare principle
Someone's liberty is limited to bring about a public benefit
Distributive Justice
The matter of how to fairly divide up the goods and the responsibilities of society. 
Libertarian concept of justice
The fair thing is to give each person freedom to pursue his or her own welfare, without interference,...
Egalitarian view of justice
The fair thing is to make sure that everyone has what he or she needs, and to minimize inequalities...
Moral relativism
Morality is not objective, but relative. 
Contextual Relativism
The truth of what one says depends upon the context in which it is said. 
Conceptual relativism 
Truth is relative to a conceptual scheme: whether something is true or not depends upon the...
Cognitive relativism
Truth is relative
Individual moral relativism
Could go as far as being amoral . One just does whatever one thinks is right, without regard...
Subjectivism
Morality is not objective, but subjective. 
Amoralism
Morality reduces to power. Might makes right


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