Biology Test On Ch. 16, 17 , 18

These Flashcards Were Made To Help Me Study For  a Biology Test I Have On Ch. 16, 17, 18.
Created Mar 31, 2010
by latinopatino
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Side ASide B
something composed of many thin layers of sediment pressed tightly together, resembling the...
stromatolite
prokaryotes that live in the most extreme environments on earth
archaea
prokaryotic organisms that differ from archaea in several features of cell structure ad chemical...
bacteria
spherical bacteria that cause pnemonia
cocci
rod shaped bacteria 
bacilli
spiral shaped bacteria
spirochetes
division in which the DNA copies and moves itself to opposite ends of the cell as the cell...
binary fission
resting cells
endospores
a photoautotrophic group of bacteria that generates oxygen as a waste product of their photosynthesis 
cyanobacteria 
the use of organisms to remove pollutants from water, air, and soil
bioremedication
bacteria and other microorganisms that cause disease 
pathogens
 in the _____ cycle, the phage that attaches to the host cell and injects it’s DNA.
lytic 
in the ___________cycle, a virus injects its genes into the host
lysogenic
a virus that reverses the usual DNA-to-RNA flow of genetic information
retrovirus
deactivated varieties or small pieces of pathogens  that stimulate the immune system to...
vaccine
eukaryotes that are not animals, plants, or fungi
protists
animal like protists
protozoans
plant like protists
algae
protozoans that move by means of one or more flagella
zooflagellates
a plasma membrane in an amoeba
pseudopodia
porous shells made of organic material and hard calcium carbonate
forams
a diverse group of protozoans named for their use of cilia they use to move and feed.
ciliates
brightly colored, branching growth on a decaying log is a protist called ________
plasmodial slime mold
a single mass of cytoplasm undivided by membranes or cell walls and containing many nuclei
plasmodium
something an organism develops when food and water are in short supply and develops reproductive...
sporangia
decomposers that live mainly on decaying organic matter
cellular slime molds
a group of single-celled, photosynthetic protists that possess one or two flagella and lack...
euglenoids
unicellular, mostly photosynthetic protists with a cell wall made of cellulose and two flagella
dinoflagellates
communities of mostly microscopic organisms that drift or swim near the surface of ponds, lakes,...
plankton
photosynthetic organisms in plankton
phytoplankton
plankton that are  protozoans or tiny animals are called 
zoo plankton
large multicellular marine algeae
seaweed
a process in which chloroplasts and mitochondria evolved from small symbiotic prokaryotes that...
endosymbiosis
tiny threads of cytoplasm surrounded by a plasma membrane and covered by  a cell wall
hyphae
interwoven mat in a single hypahe
mycelium
method by which the fungus absorbs small organic molecules from its surroundings 
absorptive nutrition
haploid cells with thick cell walls that function as the dispersal stage in the reproduction...
spores
spore forming structures at the tips of hyphae
sporangia
a thick-walled reproductive structure 
zygospornagium
______hyphaein which each cell has two separate nucli
dikaryotic
large above ground reproductive structure
fruting body
single-cell fungi that inhabit liquid or moist habitats including plant sap animal tissues
yeasts
fungi with no known sexual stage of reproduction
imperfect fungi
any fungus that grows very rapidly on a surface 
mold
a mutualistic pairing of a fungus and an alga
lichen
symbiotic relationships between fungal hyphae plant roots
mycorrhizae


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