biology test on Ch. 16, 17 , 18

46 cards

these flashcards were made to help me study for  a biology test I have on ch.16, 17, 18.


 
  
Created Mar 31, 2010
by
latinopatino

 

 
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1
something composed of many thin layers of sediment pressed tightly together, resembling the...
 
stromatolite
2
prokaryotes that live in the most extreme environments on earth
 
archaea
3
prokaryotic organisms that differ from archaea in several features of cell structure ad chemical...
 
bacteria
4
spherical bacteria that cause pnemonia
 
cocci
5
rod shaped bacteria 
 
bacilli
6
spiral shaped bacteria
 
spirochetes
7
division in which the DNA copies and moves itself to opposite ends of the cell as the cell...
 
binary fission
8
resting cells
 
endospores
9
a photoautotrophic group of bacteria that generates oxygen as a waste product of their photosynthesis 
 
cyanobacteria 
10
the use of organisms to remove pollutants from water, air, and soil
 
bioremedication
11
bacteria and other microorganisms that cause disease 
 
pathogens
12
 in the _____ cycle, the phage that attaches to the host cell and injects it’s DNA.
 
lytic 
13
in the ___________cycle, a virus injects its genes into the host
 
lysogenic
14
a virus that reverses the usual DNA-to-RNA flow of genetic information
 
retrovirus
15
deactivated varieties or small pieces of pathogens  that stimulate the immune system to...
 
vaccine
16
eukaryotes that are not animals, plants, or fungi
 
protists
17
animal like protists
 
protozoans
18
plant like protists
 
algae
19
protozoans that move by means of one or more flagella
 
zooflagellates
20
a plasma membrane in an amoeba
 
pseudopodia
21
porous shells made of organic material and hard calcium carbonate
 
forams
22
a diverse group of protozoans named for their use of cilia they use to move and feed.
 
ciliates
23
brightly colored, branching growth on a decaying log is a protist called ________
 
plasmodial slime mold
24
a single mass of cytoplasm undivided by membranes or cell walls and containing many nuclei
 
plasmodium
25
something an organism develops when food and water are in short supply and develops reproductive...
 
sporangia
26
decomposers that live mainly on decaying organic matter
 
cellular slime molds
27
a group of single-celled, photosynthetic protists that possess one or two flagella and lack...
 
euglenoids
28
unicellular, mostly photosynthetic protists with a cell wall made of cellulose and two flagella
 
dinoflagellates
29
communities of mostly microscopic organisms that drift or swim near the surface of ponds, lakes,...
 
plankton
30
photosynthetic organisms in plankton
 
phytoplankton
31
plankton that are  protozoans or tiny animals are called 
 
zoo plankton
32
large multicellular marine algeae
 
seaweed
33
a process in which chloroplasts and mitochondria evolved from small symbiotic prokaryotes that...
 
endosymbiosis
34
tiny threads of cytoplasm surrounded by a plasma membrane and covered by  a cell wall
 
hyphae
35
interwoven mat in a single hypahe
 
mycelium
36
method by which the fungus absorbs small organic molecules from its surroundings 
 
absorptive nutrition
37
haploid cells with thick cell walls that function as the dispersal stage in the reproduction...
 
spores
38
spore forming structures at the tips of hyphae
 
sporangia
39
a thick-walled reproductive structure 
 
zygospornagium
40
______hyphaein which each cell has two separate nucli
 
dikaryotic
41
large above ground reproductive structure
 
fruting body
42
single-cell fungi that inhabit liquid or moist habitats including plant sap animal tissues
 
yeasts
43
fungi with no known sexual stage of reproduction
 
imperfect fungi
44
any fungus that grows very rapidly on a surface 
 
mold
45
a mutualistic pairing of a fungus and an alga
 
lichen
46
symbiotic relationships between fungal hyphae plant roots
 
mycorrhizae


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