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Biology Photosynthesis & Cell Respiration

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Side ASide B
Photosynthesis 
Plants and other organisms convert light energy into chemical energy 
Cell Respiration
The set ofmetbolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert...
Equation Photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy -----> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Equation Cell Respiration
C6H12O6 +6O2 -------> 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy
The bubbles formed during photosynthesis are made from what gas?
Oxygen
Glycolysis
Glucose is split into two molecules of a 3 carbon sugar Produces 2 molecules of ATP, 2 molecules...
Citric Acid Cycle or Krebs Cycle
Compounds NAD and FAD are reduced and carry high energy electrons to the next stage/ Occurs...
Electron Transport Chain
Requires oxygen directly, electron transport chain is a series of electron carriers in the...
Which stage of cell respiration produces pyruvate?
Glycolysis
Which stage of cell respiration produces most ATP?
Electron Transport Chain
Organelle involved cell respiration
mitochondria
Organelle involved in photosynthesis
chloroplast
Aerobic Respiration
Contains oxygen (more efficient)
Equation Fermentation
C6H12O6--------> 2 C2H5OH + 2CO2 1 glucose molecule converted into two ethanol molecules...
Endotherm
ORganism that produces heat through internal means/ muscle shivering or increasing metabolism 
Ectotherm
Organisms which rely on environment for heat sources
Homeotherm
Maintaining a stable internal body temperature regardless of external environment/ temp often...
Poikilotherm
Organism whose temperature varies considerable
Metabolism
 The sum of the physical and chemical processes in an organism by which its material...
Highest metabolism
small organisms, endothermic organisms (produce own heat), warm   
How does CO2 effect rate of photosynthesis
increases rate, speed up
Eng products of light reaction?
ATP + NADPH
End product of dark reaction 
Sugar C6H12O6
is photosynthesis endergonic or exergonic?
endergonic
Cell respiration endergonic or exergonic? 
exergonic
Energy made during cell respiration?
ATP
Two reactants used to make ATP? 
Glucose and oxygen (?)
Where does following rxn occur? H20---> 2H + 02
Photosynthesis II, Thyllakoid 
CO2-----> C6H12O6 Where occurs?
Stroma of the chloroplasts 
Glucose---> Pyruvate  Where occurs? What phase?
Cell respiration: Glycolysis in cytoplasm 
C6H12O6------> CO2 Where occurs? What phase?
Cell respiration: Krebs Cycle:  Matrix of mitochondria 
Where does fermentation reaction occur?
Cytoplasm
Where does this occur? making ATP using NADH
mitichondria Electron transport chain
Where does gas exchange occur in plants? 
Stomata 
Making NADPH and ATP
maybe cristae  electron transport chain
H20---> 2H + O2 What phase?
Photosynthesis light reaction
What phase? CO2---> C6H12O6
dark reaction photosynthesis (calvin cycle)
Making ATP using NADH what phase?
Cell Respiration: Electron Transport chain
Reduction
Adding negative electrons to molecule/ adding hydrogen atoms Making ATP using NADH-- NADH gives...
Oxidation
Loss of electrons/ loss of hydrogen atoms  If one molecule is oxidized, must also reduce...
In photosynthesis, electrons used in the electron transport chain come from what molecule? 
NADH
In cell respiration, electrons used in ETC come from what molecule?
NADH and FADH2
The final electron receptor in phtotsynthesis is...
NADP+
The final electron acceptor of cell respiration is...
Oxygen
What is used by plants to harvest light?
Pigments
What color of light is not absorbed, but reflected by plants?
Green
True or false: A pH value higher than the optimum will icrease rate of photosyntheis?
False; needs to be close to optimum for best rate
Which type of plant closes its stomata in the day and stores CO2 in the night in the form of...
CAM (orchids, cacti, succulents) 
What type of plant is corn?
C4


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