Biology Chapter 9 Vocab.


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Calorie
 

the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 0 to 100°C at 1 atmosphere pressure.
Aerobic
 

Living or occurring only in the presence of oxygen
anaerobic
 

An organism, such as a bacterium, that can live in the absence of atmospheric oxygen.
Cellular Respiration
 

he series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic substances.
NAD+
 

the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
Krebs Cycle
 

The sequence of reactions by which most living cells generate energy during the process of aerobic respiration.
Matrix
 

An environment or material in which something develops.
Glycolysis
 

The breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyruvic acid.

Fermentation
 

An anaerobic (without oxygen) cellular process in which organic foods are converted into simpler compounds, and chemical energy (ATP) is produced.
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