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Biology Chapter 9 Vocab.

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Calorie

the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 0 to 100°C at 1 atmosphere pressure. 
Aerobic

 Living or occurring only in the presence of oxygen
anaerobic

An organism, such as a bacterium, that can live in the absence of atmospheric oxygen.
Cellular Respiration

he series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic substances.
NAD+

the oxidized form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
Krebs Cycle

The sequence of reactions by which most living cells generate energy during the process of aerobic respiration.
Matrix

An environment or material in which something develops.
Glycolysis

The breakdown of glucose by enzymes, releasing energy and pyruvic acid.
Fermentation

An anaerobic (without oxygen) cellular process in which organic foods are converted into simpler compounds, and chemical energy (ATP) is produced.

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