Biology; Chapter 17: The History of Life Vocabulary

19 cards

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Created May 3, 2011
by
dheath729

 

 
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1
scientist who studies fossils.  
 
paleontologist
2
information about past life, including the structure of organisms, what they ate, what ate...
 
fossil record
3
term used to refer to a species that has died out.
 
extinct
4
method of determining the age of a fossil by comparing its placement with that of fossils in...
 
relative dating
5
distinctive fossil used to compare the relative ages of fossils.
 
index fossil
6
length of time required for half of the radioactive atoms in a sample to decay.
 
half-life
7
technique in which scientists calculate the age of a sample based on the amount of remaining...
 
radioactive dating
8
scale used by paleotologists to represent evolutionary time.
 
geologic time scale
9
one of several subdivisions of the time between the Precambrian and the present.
 
era
10
unit of time into which eras are subdivided.
 
period
11
tiny bubble, formed of large organic molecules, that has some characteristics of a cell.
 
proteinoid microsphere
12
microscopic fossil; ______ of single-celled prokaryotic organisms that resemble modern bacteria...
 
microfossil
13
theory that eukaryotic cells formed from a symbiosis among several different prokaryotic organisms....
 
endosymbiotic theory
14
event in which many types of living things become extinct at the same time.
 
mass extinction
15
large-scale ecolutionary changes that take place over long periods of time.
 
macroevolution
16
process by which a single species or small group of species evolves into several different...
 
adaptive radiation
17
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve similarities when adapting to similar...
 
convergent evolution
18
process by which two species evolve in response to changes in each other.
 
coevolution
19
pattern of evolution in which long stable periods are interrupted by brief periods of more...
 
punctuated equilibrium


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