Biology 1 Honors Final Exam Review

119 cards

Biology final exam review for Ms. Le's class. The entire review packet that she gave us. 


 
  
Created Jun 2, 2010
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  Side A   Side B
1
During his voyage on the Beagle, Charles Darwin made many observations 
-in England -in...
 
-in S America 
2
In the 1800s, Charles Lyell emphasized that 
-the human population will outgrow the...
 
-gradual geological events in the past could explain the physical features of today's Earth. 
3
WHen a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is 
-natural...
 
-artificial selection 
4
Charles Darwin's observation that finches of different species on the Galapagos Islands have...
 
-originated from a common ancestor 
5
Which of the following statements best describes the findings of Rosemary and Peter Grant's...
 
-Food availability affected beak size 
6
The separation of populations by barriers such as rivers, mountains, or bodies of...
 
-Geographic isolation 
7
A factor that keeps species separate is 
-Reproduction at different times -Incompatible...
 
-All of the above 
8
The length of time required for half of the radioactive isotope in a sample to decay is its 
-Half-life-Relative...
 
-Half-life 
9
In the past, mass extinctions encouraged the rapid evolution of surviving species 
-By...
 
-By providing new opportunities for them 
10
One way master control genes, or homeotic genes, could have affected evolution is 
-By...
 
-Through small changes in timing during embryonic development 
11
Which of these labels for fossils in a museum display contains an error? 
-Dinosaur...
 
-Early Mammal (Middle Paleozoic) 
12
An analysis of derived characters is used to generate a 
-fossil record -phylogenetic...
 
-Cladogram 
13
What does a cladistic analysis show about organisms? 
-the relative importance of each...
 
-The order in which derived characters evolved 
14
Organisms in the domains Bacteria and Archaea were previously grouped in a kingdom called 
-Anamalia -Fungi-Monera -Eukarya 
 
-Monera 
15
Which of the following is not found in bacteria? 
-cell wall -membrane-bound nucleus -ribosome -plasma...
 
-membrane-bound nucleus 
16
Unlike Bacteria, Archaea 
-have cell walls -are prokaryotes -have two plasma...
 
-are thought to be closely related to eukaryotes 
17
A virus's DNA or RNA is surrounded by a(n) 
-protein coat -nuclear membrane -tail -endospore 
 
-protein coat 
18
Many cases of food poisoning are caused by bacterial 
-toxins-decomposition -resistance...
 
-toxins 
19
Bacteria are sometimes called nature's recyclers because they 
-undergo conjugation -break...
 
-break down nutrients in dead organisms 
20
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all plants 
-are eukaryotic -have...
 
-produce seeds 
21
Seed-bearing plants differ from all other plants in that 
-they have vascular tissue -they...
 
-their gametes do not require water for fertilization to occur 
22
Scientists hypothesize that the specialized reproductive structure that evolved most recently...
 
-ovary 
23
An example of a monocot is a 
-moss -lily -fern -pine tree 
 
lily 
24
Which term below is least closely related to the others? 
-leaf-seed-ovary-pollen 
 
-leaf 
25
Which of the following includes a plant embryo, a food supply, and a protective covering? 
-pollen...
 
-seed 
26
In bryophytes, haploid reproductive cells are produced by the 
-haploid stage -diploid...
 
-all of the above 
27
In liverworts, the sporophyte is produced by a structure shaped like a(n) 
 
-umbrella 
28
Which group of plants produces seeds that are "naked"? 
-bryophytes -pteridophytes -gymnosperms -angiosperms 
 
-gymnosperms 
29
The presence of flowers and outer protective coatings of the seeds distinguishes 
-club...
 
-angiosperms from gymnosperms 
30
In angiosperms, reproduction takes place in 
-leaves-flowers -cones-pollen 
 
-flowers 
31
The non-reproductive parts of a flower are the 
-carpel and stamens -filaments...
 
-sepals and petals 
32
THe tough outer layer of a seed is called the 
-seed coat -fruit -nut -embryo...
 
-seed coat 
33
A ripened ovary that contains seeds is called a(an) 
-embryo-seed-fruit-vegetable 
 
-fruit 
34
Which type of plant lives the longest? 
-annual -biennial -perennial -none...
 
-perennial 
35
What fruit-eating animal likely would ensure the widest dispersal of a plant's seeds? 
-rat -raccoon -bird -squirrel 
 
-bird 
36
THe early growth stage of a plant embryo is called 
-fertilization -dormancy -germination -pollination 
 
-germination
37
Tree rings result from yearly activity in the 
-heartwood -vascular cambium -bark -cork...
 
-vascular cambium 
38
In an angiosperm, pollen grains are produced in the 
-stigma -filament-carpel -anther 
 
-anther
39
During germination of many monocots, the developing shoot is 
-preceded by a protective...
 
-preceded by a protective sheath 
40
In angiosperms, xylem consists of tracheids and 
-sieve-tube members -companion...
 
-vessel elements 
41
There is a one-way movement of water and minterals into the vascular cylinder of a root because 
-water...
 
-the endodermis has waxy cell walls 
42
When a plant moves its sugars from its leaves to its roots, the sink is the 
-leaves-roots -stems -same...
 
-roots 
43
When a carnivorous plant captures and digests insects, the most important result is that it...
 
-nitrogen 
44
The stomata of leaves are usually open in 
-light if a plant has enough water -light...
 
-light if a plant has enough water 
45
Which of the following is the source of most of a plant's mass? 
-water-air -soil -none...
 
-none of the above 

(the actual answer was the stem, I believe) 
46
Which of the following is NOT one of the three mineral nutrients most commonly deficient in...
 
-calcium 
47
Both roundworms and rotifers have 
-radial symmetry -complete digestive tract -segmented...
 
-complete digestive tract 
48
Organisms that spend their entire adult lives attached to one spot are said to be 
-sessile -heterotrophic -flagellated -symmetric 
 
-sessile 
49
A key characteristic of multi-cellular organisms is 
-highly specialized cells -interdependent layers -multiple...
 
-all of the above 
50
A person who has trichinosis likely contracted it from 
-walking barefoot on soil infested...
 
-eating undercooked meat containing Trichinella cysts
51
The fastest, most agile mollusks are the 
-gastropods-cephalopods -bivalves-rotifers 
 
-cephalopods 
52
Some type of body symmetry is found in all invertebrates EXCEPT 
-cnidarians -echinoderms -sponges -flatworms 
 
-sponges 
53
A "rotating wheel" of cilia surrounds the mouth of a 
-planarian -starfish -sea...
 
-rotifer 
54
Typical primitive arthropods such as trilobites had bodies that were composed of 
-many...
 
many segments 
55
The body of an insect is divided into a 
-head and thorax -head and cephalothorax -head,...
 
-head thorax and abdomen
56
Which insect is NOT classified in the same order as the others? 
-ants -crickets -bees -wasps 
 
-crickets 
57
How many pairs of legs are there on most body segments of a centipede 
-one -two -five -six 
 
-one 
58
Which of the following is NOT a likely reason for the evolutionary success of insects? 
-the...
 
-Insects as a group are not very diverse because there are relatively few species
59
Which arthropod does NOT belong with the others? 
-isopod -barnacle -shrimp -copepod 
 
-shrimp 
60
Which modern-day arthropods are most similar to fossil trilobites 
-dragonflies-fiddler...
 
-horseshoe crabs 
61
Which of the following structures are missing from many salamanders that live on land? 
-lungs-kidneys -legs -eyes
 
-lungs 
62
Blood flows through the body of a fish in a 
-single-circuit open circulatory system -single-circuit...
 
-single-circuit closed circulatory system 
63
Modern jawless fishes include 
-sharks -skates -lampreys -lungfishes 
 
-lampreys 
64
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of most amphibians? 
-they live on land...
 
-they have scales and claws 
65
A four chambered heart is found in
-lizards -snakes-turtles-alligators 
 
-alligators 
66
The structure of a bird's heart ensures that 
-oxygen-rich blood never mixes with oxygen-poor...
 
-oxygen-rich blood never mixes with oxygen-poor blood 
67
Which of the following vertebrates has a heart with four chambers? 
-salamander -lizard-goldfish -cow 
 
-cow 
68
Oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood undergo the least mixing in the heart of a 
-crocodile -turtle -snake-lizard 
 
-crocodile 
69
Which of the following is NOT a function of skin 
-helps regulate body temperature -protects...
 
-contracts and relaxes muscles
70
Which of the following is NOT part of the integumentary system? 
-skin -cartilage -nails-hair 
 
-cartilage 
71
The main function of the skill is to 
-produce blood cells -protect the heart...
 
-house and protect the brain 
72
Where is the cardiac muscle tissue located in the body? 
-heart -ribs -skull-bones
 
-heart 
73
Which of the following produce keratin 
-epidermal cells -sweat glands-adipose...
 
-hair follicles 
74
What are the two layers of the skin? 
-keratin and dermis -epidermis and melanin -epidermis...
 
-epidermis and dermis 
75
Which of the following is a protein that makes up hair and nails? 
-sweat-melanin -collagen -keratin 
 
-keratin 
76
What is the skeleton of a newborn baby mainly composed of? 
-bone-cartilage -bone...
 
-cartilage 
77
Where is the protein called actin located in the body? 
-marrow -thin filaments -myosin...
 
-thin filaments 
78
When an action potential reaches the end of a neuron at a chemical synapse, it triggers the...
 
-neurotransmitters 
79
The division of the nervous system that helps the body react to pain is the 
-somatic...
 
-somatic nervous system 
80
What types of drugs generally slow down the activity of the central nervous system? 
-stimulants -depressants -opiates -cocaine
 
-depressants 
81
Which divisions of the peripheral nervous system transmits impulses from sense organs to the...
 
-sensory division 
82
Which of the five senses uses two types of photoreceptors called rods and cones? 
-vision -hearing-smell -taste 
 
-vision 
83
Painful withdrawal symptoms can occur when a drug user attempts to stop using 
-opiates -cocaine-inhalants -marijuana 
 
-opiates 
84
Alcohol does each of the following EXCEPT 
-slow CNS activity -stimulate heart...
 
-stimulate heart rate 
85
Where does the process of chemical digestion begin? 
-stomach -esophagus -small...
 
-mouth 
86
A calorie is the amount of energy needed to 
-raise the temperature of the body by...
 
-raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 degree celsius 
87
What does mechanical digestion in the stomach involve? 
-absorption of nutrients by...
 
-muscle contractions 
88
What is the correct direction of blood flow? 
-right atrium--> right ventricle -->...
 
-right atrium--> right ventricle --> pulmonary artery 
89
Which of the following is NOT a function of blood? 
-regulate filtration -distribute...
 
-regulate filtration 
90
The function of valves in the heart is to 
-stimulate the heartbeat -accelerate...
 
-prevent the backward flow of blood 
91
When infection occurs, the number of 
-RBC increases -RBC decreases -WBC...
 
WBC increases 
92
Which of the following is not contained in tobacco? 
-carbon monoxide -caffeine -nicotine -ammonia 
 
-caffeine 
93
The germ theory of disease states that infectious diseases are caused by 
-toxins -pathogens -heredity -materials...
 
-pathogens 
94
The body's nonspecific defenses against invading pathogens include 
-antibiotics -mucus,...
 
-mucus, sweat, and tears 
95
The inflammatory response can cause 
-permanent immunity -pain, swelling, and...
 
-pain, swelling, and redness 
96
Humoral immunity originates from
-T cells -NK cells -B cells -macrophages
 
-B cells 
97
An infectious disease is one that is caused by 
-heredity -materials in the environment -pathogens -an...
 
-pathogens 
98
Which of the following is NOT a step in identifying the pathogen that causes a specific disease? 
-the...
 
-the pathogen should be found in the body of a healthy organism 
99
A person who has received a vaccine against polio 
-is able to produce antibodies...
 
-is able to produce antibodies against polio 
100
Which of the following presents a risk of spreading HIV? 
-abstaining from sex -sharing...
 
-sharing a needle 
101
Dialysis processes blood outside the body and 
-carries urine to the urinary bladder -pumps...
 
-returns filtered blood to the body 
102
Which gland fails to produce enough of its hormone in the disease diabetes mellitus? 
-adrenal -hypothalamus -pancreas -parathyroid 
 
pancreas 
103
Which of the following is NOT part of a nephron 
-urethra -tubule -glomerulus -Bowman's...
 
-urethra 
104
What percentage of the filtrate's water that enters the Bowman's capsule is reabsorbed into...
 
-99%
105
In the kidneys, both useful substances and wastes are removed from the blood by
-reabsorption -excretion -dialysis -filtration 
 
-filtration 
106
When the hypothalamus detects a decreased solute concentration in the blood, it directs the...
 
-return more water to the blood by reabsorption 
107
During the menstrual cycle, high levels of LH cause the 
-corpus luteum to disintegrate -follicle...
 
-follicle to release a mature egg 
108
Which hormones stimulate sperm production 
-FSH and testosterone -estrogens -androgens -testosterone...
 
-FSH and testosterone 
109
What is the result of gastrulation? 
-a blastocyst -a zygote -the amnion -three...
 
-3 cell layers 
110
Which of the following is NOT a function of the female reproductive system? 
-to produce...
 
-deliver sperm
111
Which organ system is responsible for making and delivering sperm? 
-female reproductive...
 
-male reproductive system 
112
Which of the following are required for fertilization to occur inside the female body? 
-sperm...
 
-all of the above 
113
the placenta connects the 
-fetus to mother's uterus -ectoderm to endoderm -umbilical...
 
fetus to mother's uterus 
114
Which cell structure contains the cell's genetic material? 
-organelle -nucleus -cell...
 
nucleus 
115
Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in cellular respiration? 
-glycolysis,...
 
-glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport 
116
Cellular respiration is an aerobic process because it requires
-light -exercise-oxygen -glucose 
 
oxygen 
117
Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? 
-cytokinesis -interphase-prophase-s...
 
-prophase
118
Variation in human skin color is a result of 
-intermediate inheritance -codominance-polygenic...
 
polygenic inhereitance 
119
RNA contains the sugar 
-ribose -deoxyribose-glucose-lactose 
 
ribose

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