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Biology 1 Honors Final Exam Review

Biology Final Exam Review For Ms. Le's Class. The Entire Review Packet That She Gave Us.  
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Side ASide B
During his voyage on the Beagle, Charles Darwin made many observations -in England -in...
-in S America 
In the 1800s, Charles Lyell emphasized that -the human population will outgrow the available...
-gradual geological events in the past could explain the physical features of today's Earth. 
WHen a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is -natural...
-artificial selection 
Charles Darwin's observation that finches of different species on the Galapagos Islands have...
-originated from a common ancestor 
Which of the following statements best describes the findings of Rosemary and Peter Grant's...
-Food availability affected beak size 
The separation of populations by barriers such as rivers, mountains, or bodies of...
-Geographic isolation 
A factor that keeps species separate is -Reproduction at different times -Incompatible...
-All of the above 
The length of time required for half of the radioactive isotope in a sample to decay is its -Half-life-Relative...
-Half-life 
In the past, mass extinctions encouraged the rapid evolution of surviving species -By...
-By providing new opportunities for them 
One way master control genes, or homeotic genes, could have affected evolution is -By...
-Through small changes in timing during embryonic development 
Which of these labels for fossils in a museum display contains an error? -Dinosaur (MIddle...
-Early Mammal (Middle Paleozoic) 
An analysis of derived characters is used to generate a -fossil record -phylogenetic...
-Cladogram 
What does a cladistic analysis show about organisms? -the relative importance of each...
-The order in which derived characters evolved 
Organisms in the domains Bacteria and Archaea were previously grouped in a kingdom called -Anamalia -Fungi-Monera -Eukarya 
-Monera 
Which of the following is not found in bacteria? -cell wall -membrane-bound nucleus -ribosome -plasma...
-membrane-bound nucleus 
Unlike Bacteria, Archaea -have cell walls -are prokaryotes -have two plasma...
-are thought to be closely related to eukaryotes 
A virus's DNA or RNA is surrounded by a(n) -protein coat -nuclear membrane -tail -endospore 
-protein coat 
Many cases of food poisoning are caused by bacterial -toxins-decomposition -resistance...
-toxins 
Bacteria are sometimes called nature's recyclers because they -undergo conjugation -break...
-break down nutrients in dead organisms 
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all plants -are eukaryotic -have...
-produce seeds 
Seed-bearing plants differ from all other plants in that -they have vascular tissue -they...
-their gametes do not require water for fertilization to occur 
Scientists hypothesize that the specialized reproductive structure that evolved most recently...
-ovary 
An example of a monocot is a -moss -lily -fern -pine tree 
lily 
Which term below is least closely related to the others? -leaf-seed-ovary-pollen 
-leaf 
Which of the following includes a plant embryo, a food supply, and a protective covering? -pollen...
-seed 
In bryophytes, haploid reproductive cells are produced by the -haploid stage -diploid...
-all of the above 
In liverworts, the sporophyte is produced by a structure shaped like a(n) -leaf -heart -liver-umbrella 
-umbrella 
Which group of plants produces seeds that are "naked"? -bryophytes -pteridophytes -gymnosperms -angiosperms 
-gymnosperms 
The presence of flowers and outer protective coatings of the seeds distinguishes -club...
-angiosperms from gymnosperms 
In angiosperms, reproduction takes place in -leaves-flowers -cones-pollen 
-flowers 
The non-reproductive parts of a flower are the -carpel and stamens -filaments and...
-sepals and petals 
THe tough outer layer of a seed is called the -seed coat -fruit -nut -embryo...
-seed coat 
A ripened ovary that contains seeds is called a(an) -embryo-seed-fruit-vegetable 
-fruit 
Which type of plant lives the longest? -annual -biennial -perennial -none...
-perennial 
What fruit-eating animal likely would ensure the widest dispersal of a plant's seeds? -rat -raccoon -bird -squirrel 
-bird 
THe early growth stage of a plant embryo is called -fertilization -dormancy -germination -pollination 
-germination
Tree rings result from yearly activity in the -heartwood -vascular cambium -bark -cork...
-vascular cambium 
In an angiosperm, pollen grains are produced in the -stigma -filament-carpel -anther 
-anther
During germination of many monocots, the developing shoot is -preceded by a protective...
-preceded by a protective sheath 
In angiosperms, xylem consists of tracheids and -sieve-tube members -companion cells -vessel...
-vessel elements 
There is a one-way movement of water and minterals into the vascular cylinder of a root because -water...
-the endodermis has waxy cell walls 
When a plant moves its sugars from its leaves to its roots, the sink is the -leaves-roots -stems -same...
-roots 
When a carnivorous plant captures and digests insects, the most important result is that it...
-nitrogen 
The stomata of leaves are usually open in -light if a plant has enough water -light...
-light if a plant has enough water 
Which of the following is the source of most of a plant's mass? -water-air -soil -none...
-none of the above (the actual answer was the stem, I believe) 
Which of the following is NOT one of the three mineral nutrients most commonly deficient in...
-calcium 
Both roundworms and rotifers have -radial symmetry -complete digestive tract -segmented...
-complete digestive tract 
Organisms that spend their entire adult lives attached to one spot are said to be -sessile -heterotrophic -flagellated -symmetric 
-sessile 
A key characteristic of multi-cellular organisms is -highly specialized cells -interdependent layers -multiple...
-all of the above 
A person who has trichinosis likely contracted it from -walking barefoot on soil infested...
-eating undercooked meat containing Trichinella cysts
The fastest, most agile mollusks are the -gastropods-cephalopods -bivalves-rotifers 
-cephalopods 
Some type of body symmetry is found in all invertebrates EXCEPT -cnidarians -echinoderms -sponges -flatworms 
-sponges 
A "rotating wheel" of cilia surrounds the mouth of a -planarian -starfish -sea...
-rotifer 
Typical primitive arthropods such as trilobites had bodies that were composed of -many...
many segments 
The body of an insect is divided into a -head and thorax -head and cephalothorax -head,...
-head thorax and abdomen
Which insect is NOT classified in the same order as the others? -ants -crickets -bees -wasps 
-crickets 
How many pairs of legs are there on most body segments of a centipede -one -two -five -six 
-one 
Which of the following is NOT a likely reason for the evolutionary success of insects? -the...
-Insects as a group are not very diverse because there are relatively few species
Which arthropod does NOT belong with the others? -isopod -barnacle -shrimp -copepod 
-shrimp 
Which modern-day arthropods are most similar to fossil trilobites -dragonflies-fiddler...
-horseshoe crabs 
Which of the following structures are missing from many salamanders that live on land? -lungs-kidneys -legs -eyes
-lungs 
Blood flows through the body of a fish in a -single-circuit open circulatory system -single-circuit...
-single-circuit closed circulatory system 
Modern jawless fishes include -sharks -skates -lampreys -lungfishes 
-lampreys 
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of most amphibians? -they live on land...
-they have scales and claws 
A four chambered heart is found in-lizards -snakes-turtles-alligators 
-alligators 
The structure of a bird's heart ensures that -oxygen-rich blood never mixes with oxygen-poor...
-oxygen-rich blood never mixes with oxygen-poor blood 
Which of the following vertebrates has a heart with four chambers? -salamander -lizard-goldfish -cow 
-cow 
Oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood undergo the least mixing in the heart of a -crocodile -turtle -snake-lizard 
-crocodile 
Which of the following is NOT a function of skin -helps regulate body temperature -protects...
-contracts and relaxes muscles
Which of the following is NOT part of the integumentary system? -skin -cartilage -nails-hair 
-cartilage 
The main function of the skill is to -produce blood cells -protect the heart and...
-house and protect the brain 
Where is the cardiac muscle tissue located in the body? -heart -ribs -skull-bones
-heart 
Which of the following produce keratin -epidermal cells -sweat glands-adipose tissue...
-hair follicles 
What are the two layers of the skin? -keratin and dermis -epidermis and melanin -epidermis...
-epidermis and dermis 
Which of the following is a protein that makes up hair and nails? -sweat-melanin -collagen -keratin 
-keratin 
What is the skeleton of a newborn baby mainly composed of? -bone-cartilage -bone...
-cartilage 
Where is the protein called actin located in the body? -marrow -thin filaments -myosin...
-thin filaments 
When an action potential reaches the end of a neuron at a chemical synapse, it triggers the...
-neurotransmitters 
The division of the nervous system that helps the body react to pain is the -somatic nervous...
-somatic nervous system 
What types of drugs generally slow down the activity of the central nervous system? -stimulants -depressants -opiates -cocaine
-depressants 
Which divisions of the peripheral nervous system transmits impulses from sense organs to the...
-sensory division 
Which of the five senses uses two types of photoreceptors called rods and cones? -vision -hearing-smell -taste 
-vision 
Painful withdrawal symptoms can occur when a drug user attempts to stop using -opiates -cocaine-inhalants -marijuana 
-opiates 
Alcohol does each of the following EXCEPT -slow CNS activity -stimulate heart rate -impair...
-stimulate heart rate 
Where does the process of chemical digestion begin? -stomach -esophagus -small...
-mouth 
A calorie is the amount of energy needed to -raise the temperature of the body by 1 degree...
-raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 degree celsius 
What does mechanical digestion in the stomach involve? -absorption of nutrients by villi -pepsin...
-muscle contractions 
What is the correct direction of blood flow? -right atrium--> right ventricle -->...
-right atrium--> right ventricle --> pulmonary artery 
Which of the following is NOT a function of blood? -regulate filtration -distribute...
-regulate filtration 
The function of valves in the heart is to -stimulate the heartbeat -accelerate the...
-prevent the backward flow of blood 
When infection occurs, the number of -RBC increases -RBC decreases -WBC increases-WBC...
WBC increases 
Which of the following is not contained in tobacco? -carbon monoxide -caffeine -nicotine -ammonia 
-caffeine 
The germ theory of disease states that infectious diseases are caused by -toxins -pathogens -heredity -materials...
-pathogens 
The body's nonspecific defenses against invading pathogens include -antibiotics -mucus,...
-mucus, sweat, and tears 
The inflammatory response can cause -permanent immunity -pain, swelling, and redness -antibodies...
-pain, swelling, and redness 
Humoral immunity originates from-T cells -NK cells -B cells -macrophages
-B cells 
An infectious disease is one that is caused by -heredity -materials in the environment -pathogens -an...
-pathogens 
Which of the following is NOT a step in identifying the pathogen that causes a specific disease? -the...
-the pathogen should be found in the body of a healthy organism 
A person who has received a vaccine against polio -is able to produce antibodies...
-is able to produce antibodies against polio 
Which of the following presents a risk of spreading HIV? -abstaining from sex -sharing...
-sharing a needle 
Dialysis processes blood outside the body and -carries urine to the urinary bladder -pumps...
-returns filtered blood to the body 
Which gland fails to produce enough of its hormone in the disease diabetes mellitus? -adrenal -hypothalamus -pancreas -parathyroid 
pancreas 
Which of the following is NOT part of a nephron -urethra -tubule -glomerulus -Bowman's...
-urethra 
What percentage of the filtrate's water that enters the Bowman's capsule is reabsorbed into...
-99%
In the kidneys, both useful substances and wastes are removed from the blood by-reabsorption -excretion -dialysis -filtration 
-filtration 
When the hypothalamus detects a decreased solute concentration in the blood, it directs the...
-return more water to the blood by reabsorption 
During the menstrual cycle, high levels of LH cause the -corpus luteum to disintegrate -follicle...
-follicle to release a mature egg 
Which hormones stimulate sperm production -FSH and testosterone -estrogens -androgens -testosterone...
-FSH and testosterone 
What is the result of gastrulation? -a blastocyst -a zygote -the amnion -three...
-3 cell layers 
Which of the following is NOT a function of the female reproductive system? -to produce...
-deliver sperm
Which organ system is responsible for making and delivering sperm? -female reproductive...
-male reproductive system 
Which of the following are required for fertilization to occur inside the female body? -sperm...
-all of the above 
the placenta connects the -fetus to mother's uterus -ectoderm to endoderm -umbilical...
fetus to mother's uterus 
Which cell structure contains the cell's genetic material? -organelle -nucleus -cell...
nucleus 
Which of the following is the correct sequence of events in cellular respiration? -glycolysis,...
-glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport 
Cellular respiration is an aerobic process because it requires-light -exercise-oxygen -glucose 
oxygen 
Which of the following is a phase of mitosis? -cytokinesis -interphase-prophase-s...
-prophase
Variation in human skin color is a result of -intermediate inheritance -codominance-polygenic...
polygenic inhereitance 
RNA contains the sugar -ribose -deoxyribose-glucose-lactose 
ribose


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