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The transmission of traits from one generation to the next.
Offspring differ somewhat from parents and siblings
The study of heredity and variation
The PHYSICAL address (specific locatino) of a gene/trait.
A single individual passes along copies of all its genes to its offspring (Cloning/mitosis).
Form of asexual reproduction that multicellular eukaryotes undogo.
Form of reproduction that mixes the chromosomes of parents' gametes.
Human cells that have 46 chromosomes
The number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of a eukaryote
Chromosomes having the same size, shape, binding pattern, and array of genes
The X and Y chromosomes.
Chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
A cell that has only half the number of chromosomes that the other cells of that organism have.
An organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell.
Process where chromosomes are halved.
Alternation of generation
A life cycle that includes both haploid and diploid multicellular stages.
The plant which produces gametes by mitosis in order to produce a zygote (haploid moment of their life cycle).
The plant which produces spores by meiosis in order to produce gametophytes (diploid moment of their life cycle).
Structures found on plants that release gametes into their environment.
A chromosome with the same gene sequence as another.
Found in homologous chromosomes, the structure contains 4 chromatids
The side by side pairing of homologous maternal and paternal chromosomes at the start of meiosis
Crossing over of genetic information between the homologous pairs.
An organelle that serves as the main microtubule organizing center of the animal cell.
The protein structure on chromosomes where the spindle fibers attach during division to pull the chromosomes apart.
The number of chromosomes per cell is cut in half.
The exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes.
The result of the combined genes by the crossing of alleles between two homologous pairs.