bio carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleotides

31 cards

monomers, polymers, linkages, functions, components, examples.. of carbs, lipids, proteins, and nucleotides.


 
  
Created Sep 20, 2012
by
rahrahrita

 

 
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1
monomers of CARBOHYDRATES
 
monosaccharides
2
monomers of LIPIDS
 
fatty acids
3
monomers of PROTEINS
 
amino acids
4
monomers of NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
nucleotides
5
polymer of CARBOHYDRATES
 
polysaccharides
6
polymer of LIPIDS
 
triacylglycerols
7
polymer of PROTEINS
 
polypeptides
8
polymer of NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
polynucleotides
9
type of linkage in CARBOHYDRATES
 
glycosidic linkages
10
type of linkage in LIPIDS
 
ester linkages
11
type of linkage in PROTEINS
 
peptide bonds
12
type of linkage in NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
phosphodiester linkages
13
examples of CARBOHYDRATES
 
mono: glucosedi: lactose, sucrosepoly: cellulose, starch, glycogen (animals), chitin
14
examples of lipids
 
triacylglycerols: fats or oilsphospholipidssteroids
15
function of carbohydrates
 
fuel-can be converted into other molecules or polymers
16
function of lipids- triacylglycerols
 
energy
17
function of lipids- phospholipids
 
bilayer of membranes
18
function of lipids- steroids
 
component of cell membranes (cholesterol)
signaling molecules that travel through the body...
19
examples of proteins
 
enzymessome hormonesreceptor proteinsmotor protiensdefensive proteinsstorage proteins
20
components of proteins
 
amino group, R-group, carboxyl group around a C
21
function of proteins
 
store amino acidsstore amino acidstransport substancescoordinate organismal responsesmovement...
22
examples sof nucleic acids
 
DNARNA
23
DNA
 
sugar= deoxyribosenitrogenous bases: C, G, A, T
24
RNA
 
sugar= ribosenitrogenous bases: C G A U usually single stranged
25
components of nucleic acids
 
phosphate group, sugar (pentose), nitrogenous base
26
function of nucleic acids- DNA
 
stores hereditary information
27
function of nucleic acids- RNA
 
various functions during gene expression, including carrying instructions from DNA to ribosomes
28
components of carbohydrates
 
monomers
29
components of triacylglycerols (lipids)
 
3 fatty acids attached to glycerol
30
components of phospholipids
 
phosphate group and 2 fatty acids
31
components of steroids
 
fused rings


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