Bio Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, Nucleotides

Monomers, Polymers, Linkages, Functions, Components, Examples. . Of Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, And Nucleotides.
Created Sep 20, 2012
by rahrahrita
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monomers of CARBOHYDRATES
monosaccharides
monomers of LIPIDS
fatty acids
monomers of PROTEINS
amino acids
monomers of NUCLEIC ACIDS
nucleotides
polymer of CARBOHYDRATES
polysaccharides
polymer of LIPIDS
triacylglycerols
polymer of PROTEINS
polypeptides
polymer of NUCLEIC ACIDS
polynucleotides
type of linkage in CARBOHYDRATES
glycosidic linkages
type of linkage in LIPIDS
ester linkages
type of linkage in PROTEINS
peptide bonds
type of linkage in NUCLEIC ACIDS
phosphodiester linkages
examples of CARBOHYDRATES
mono: glucosedi: lactose, sucrosepoly: cellulose, starch, glycogen (animals), chitin
examples of lipids
triacylglycerols: fats or oilsphospholipidssteroids
function of carbohydrates
fuel-can be converted into other molecules or polymers
function of lipids- triacylglycerols
energy
function of lipids- phospholipids
bilayer of membranes
function of lipids- steroids
component of cell membranes (cholesterol)signaling molecules that travel through the body (hormones)
examples of proteins
enzymessome hormonesreceptor proteinsmotor protiensdefensive proteinsstorage proteins
components of proteins
amino group, R-group, carboxyl group around a C
function of proteins
store amino acidsstore amino acidstransport substancescoordinate organismal responsesmovement...
examples sof nucleic acids
DNARNA
DNA
sugar= deoxyribosenitrogenous bases: C, G, A, T
RNA
sugar= ribosenitrogenous bases: C G A U usually single stranged
components of nucleic acids
phosphate group, sugar (pentose), nitrogenous base
function of nucleic acids- DNA
stores hereditary information
function of nucleic acids- RNA
various functions during gene expression, including carrying instructions from DNA to ribosomes
components of carbohydrates
monomers
components of triacylglycerols (lipids)
3 fatty acids attached to glycerol
components of phospholipids
phosphate group and 2 fatty acids
components of steroids
fused rings


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