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Biology


Monomers, Polymers, Linkages, Functions, Components, Examples.. Of Carbs, Lipids, Proteins, And Nucleotides.
  
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monomers of CARBOHYDRATES
 
monosaccharides
monomers of LIPIDS
 
fatty acids
monomers of PROTEINS
 
amino acids
monomers of NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
nucleotides
polymer of CARBOHYDRATES
 
polysaccharides
polymer of LIPIDS
 
triacylglycerols
polymer of PROTEINS
 
polypeptides
polymer of NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
polynucleotides
type of linkage in CARBOHYDRATES
 
glycosidic linkages
type of linkage in LIPIDS
 
ester linkages
type of linkage in PROTEINS
 
peptide bonds
type of linkage in NUCLEIC ACIDS
 
phosphodiester linkages
examples of CARBOHYDRATES
 
mono: glucosedi: lactose, sucrosepoly: cellulose, starch, glycogen (animals), chitin
examples of lipids
 
triacylglycerols: fats or oilsphospholipidssteroids
function of carbohydrates
 
fuel-can be converted into other molecules or polymers
function of lipids- triacylglycerols
 
energy
function of lipids- phospholipids
 
bilayer of membranes
function of lipids- steroids
 
component of cell membranes (cholesterol)
signaling molecules that travel through the body (hormones)
examples of proteins
 
enzymessome hormonesreceptor proteinsmotor protiensdefensive proteinsstorage proteins
components of proteins
 
amino group, R-group, carboxyl group around a C
function of proteins
 
store amino acidsstore amino acidstransport substancescoordinate organismal responsesmovement of cellprotect against disease
examples sof nucleic acids
 
DNARNA
DNA
 
sugar= deoxyribosenitrogenous bases: C, G, A, T
RNA
 
sugar= ribosenitrogenous bases: C G A U usually single stranged
components of nucleic acids
 
phosphate group, sugar (pentose), nitrogenous base
function of nucleic acids- DNA
 
stores hereditary information
function of nucleic acids- RNA
 
various functions during gene expression, including carrying instructions from DNA to ribosomes
components of carbohydrates
 
monomers
components of triacylglycerols (lipids)
 
3 fatty acids attached to glycerol
components of phospholipids
 
phosphate group and 2 fatty acids
components of steroids
 
fused rings

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