Bio 102 flash cards

120 cards

Test question s for te


 
  
Created Jul 27, 2010
by
sortiz89

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
The influenza viruses that infect man usually are derived from a type that could also infect:...
 

Birds and pigs

2

In recent years outbreaks of deadly strains of flu...

 
Poultry
3

Which of the following can a virus  

Bacteria

4
Which of the following diseases are caused by viruses?
 

 The common cold and influenza

5

Most viruses:

 

Are extremely small

6
 A virus may contain which of the following?
 

DNA

7

Which of the following would  

A nucleus

8

The genetic information in viruses:

 
Is DNA or RNA
9

A capsid is:

 

A protein coat of a virus

10

A layer of host cell membrane attached to a virus...

 
An envelope
11

HIV is a:

 
Single-stranded RNA virus
12
The shape of a virus is determined by:
 

Its coat protein organization

13
An organism that a virus can replicate in without causing symptoms of disease:
 
Is called a reservoir
14
A reason or reasons given by scientists as to why viruses are not considered living organisms...
 

Viruses do not reproduce on their own

15
Scientists may use which of the following to grow viral cultures in a laboratory?
 

Bacteria

16
The stage of viral replication in which the viral nucleic acid is released inside the cell...
 

Penetration

17

The stage of viral replication in which the host...

 
Synthesis
18

The stage of viral replication in which the virus...

 
Attachment
19
The stage of viral replication in which the new viruses leave the host cell is:
 
Release
20
The stage of viral replication in which viral components are put together to form new viruses...
 
Assembly
21
The type of viral infection in which a virus enters a host cell immediately replicates and...
 
A lytic infection
22
The type of viral infection in which a virus enters a host cell and then remains dormant (hidden)...
 
A lysogenic infection
23
A latent viral infection:
 

Is caused by HIV

24

An example of a type of treatment used to treat HIV...

 

Integrase inhibitors

25
Integrase inhibitors:
 

Inhibit viral DNA from inserting into the host...

26
Drugs like Aziodothymidine (AZT):
 
Inhibit reverse transcriptase
27

The enzyme that HIV uses to convert its RNA into...

 
Reverse transcriptase
28
Most antibiotics are not effective against viruses because:
 

Antibiotics target cell walls and cell membranes,...

29
Plasmodesmata are:
 

Bridges of cytoplasm between plant cells

30
The hepatitis virus that is transmitted primarily by contact with infected blood is:
 

Hepatitis B

31

Which of...

 

Prokaryotes...

32
A microbiologist gram stains a bacterium and finds the bacterium to be blue to purple in color,...
 

The...

33

 

Inhabits...

34
The structures of prokaryotes that are used to transfer DNA from one cell to another are:
 
Sex pili
35

Prokaryotes...

 

Ice...

36

The genus...

 

Syphilis...

37
MRSA are:
 
Are resistant to methicillin
38

DNA that...

 
Plasmid
39
The three most common shapes of bacteria are:
 

Spherical,...

40

A microbiologist...

 

The...

41

A type of...

 
Transduction
42
A type of horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes in which a cell takes up naked DNA without...
 
Transformation
43
A part of or parts of the human body that normally remain sterile is (are
 

Blood...

44

Dormant thick-walled...

 
Endospores
45
The structure that aids in locomotion of some bacteria is a(an
 
Flagellum
46

The genus...

 
Botulism
47

The primary...

 

Peptidoglycan...

48

The genus...

 
Anthrax
49

The genus...

 
Tetanus
50
A prokaryote that occupies a habitat that is characterized by extreme heat (above 50 degrees...
 
Thermophile
51
The fluid filled area of a prokaryotic cell enclosed by the cell membrane is the:
 
Cytoplasm
52
Different ways by which bacteria might enter the body to cause disease include:
 

Insect...

53
The region of a prokaryotic cell where the bacterial chromosome (DNA) is located is the:
 

Nuleoid...

54
Prokaryotes on the average are about:
 

1 to...

55
Characteristic signs and symptoms of bacterial infection include:
 

Fever...

56
To help stop the spread of MRSA at a school which of the following would be appropriate?
 

Washing...

57

A function...

 
Protein synthesis
58

A prokaryote...

 
Halophile
59
The rigid barrier that surrounds most prokaryotes is the
 
Cell wall
60

Bacterial...

 

They...

61
Which of the following are protists?
 

 Plasmodium...

62
Green algae and plants:
 

Have Chlorophyll a and b

63
A pregnant woman was told by her doctor that while she is pregnant she might want to let someone...
 
She and her baby might develop toxoplasmosis
64
Protozoa may move by:
 

Flagella

65
Pfiesteria piscicida:
 

Is a protist

66
African sleeping sickness is caused by:
 
Trypanosoma brucei
67
A proposed Protist grouping that would unite the water molds, brown algae and diatoms is:
 
The stramenopiles
68

Silica walls are characteristic of:

 
Diatoms
69
Which of the following is not a stage in the life...
 
Endospore
70

A substance produced by brown algae that is used...

 
Algin
71

Toxoplasmosis is caused by:

 
Toxoplasma gondii
72
Chagas disease is caused by:
 
Trypanosoma cruzi
73
Malaria is transmitted by:
 
The bite of a mosquito
74
A protist that lives within termites and allows the termite to be able to "digest" wood is:...
 

Trichonympha...

75

Cytoplasmic extensions by which some protozoa move...

 
Pseudopodia
76
"Hikers diarrhea" is caused by
 
Giardia
77

Kelps are members of the:

 
Brown algae
78
Trichomonas vaginalis is usually transmitted by:
 
Sexual intercourse
79
Malaria is caused by:
 
Plasmodium falciparum
80
Protista
 
Are eukaryotes
81
A jellylike substance produced by red marine algae and used as a culture medium for microorganisms...
 
Agar
82
Chagas disease is transmitted by
 
The bite of a kissing bug
83

The microscopic food that supports the ocean's vast...

 
Plankton
84
Protista:
 

Have a nucleus and membrane-bounded organelles...

85
Leishmaniasis is transmitted by:
 
The bite of a sand fly
86

Ciliates use which structures to aid in locomotion...

 
Cilia
87

The Irish potato famine in the mid 1840s was caused...

 
A water mold
88
The members of the kingdom Protista display a great variety in:
 

 Size

89

The largest algae are:

 
Kelp
90

Which of the following is not a member of the kingdom...

 
Escherichia
91

The longest wavelength of visible sunlight is:

 

Red

92
The leaves of ferns are called
 
Fronds
93
Flowers and fruits are unique to:
 
Angiosperms
94
The adaptations that are most responsible for gymnosperms and angiosperms being able to live...
 
The production of pollen grains and seeds
95
In complex plants:
 
The gametophyte is smaller than the sporophyte
96
Cycads are:
 

Trees that live in tropical regions

97
Flowers attract animal pollinators with
 

Bright coloration

98

The part of the plant that transports sugars produced...

 
Phloem
99

Arabidopsis...

 

Disease resistance in plants

100

The lineages of seedless vascular plants include:...

 

True ferns

101
Flowers:
 

Produce both pollen and egg cells

102

Conifers produce:

 
Both seeds and pollen in cones
103
A cotyledon is
 

Is the first leaf structure to arise in the...

104

The term gymnosperm literally means:

 
Naked seed
105
A plant embryo (young sporophyte) packaged with a food supply in a tough outer coat is a:
 
Seed
106
The four phyla of the gymnosperms are
 
Conifers, cycads, ginkgos and gnetophytes
107
Small pieces of bryophyte tissue that detaches and grow into new plants are:
 
Gemmae
108
Which of the following is not a characteristic...
 
Flowers
109
Today, only one species of ____________________ exists.
 
Ginkgo
110
The part of the plant that absorbs water and nutrients is the
 
Root
111

The main groups of land plants are the:

 

Bryophytes

112
The two classes that make up the angiosperms are
 

Monocotyledons and dicotyledons

113
The part of the plant that allows for the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen is the:
 
Stomata
114
The part of the plant that conducts water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the leaves...
 
Xylem
115
"Jumping genes" were first discovered in Indian corn by:
 
Barbara McClintock
116

The fruits of plants primarily function in:

 

 

117
Which of the following is not a characteristic...
 
They have a conspicuous sporophyte
118
In plants:
 
The diploid zygote develops into the sporophyte
119

The bryophytes include:

 
Mosses and liverworts
120
Plants are similar to algae in that they:
 

Have chloroplasts

Remove Ad

No comments yet! Be the first to add a comment below!

Please login to post comments.
After login, we will forward you back to this flashcard.

Upgrade and get a lot more done!